Homebound Instruction

Homebound services may be provided to students who have a medical condition preventing them from participating in classroom instruction because they are confined to home or a health care facility.

Out-of-School Support

In addition to homebound instruction, Out-of-School Support also consists of home-based instruction and temporary academic support.

Students are expected to attend school to the fullest extent possible, but homebound services may be provided to students who have a medical condition preventing them from participating in classroom instruction because they are confined to home or a health care facility.  

Students who will miss 20 consecutive school days or more of classroom instruction may be considered for homebound services.  Approval of students for homebound instruction requires medical documentation submitted by an approved medical professional and information provided in consultation with the school team.  Approval is determined on the basis of the documented need for service per the VDOE and FCPS regulation

The goal of homebound services is to keep the student current with classroom instruction and facilitate the student’s return to the current classroom setting. Homebound instruction is not intended to replace school services and is, by design, temporary. It is not a remediation program and is not designed to provide students with time to make up previously missed assignments.  For students expected to be out of school in excess of nine weeks, a homebound transition plan specifying steps planned to return the student to classroom instruction is needed. 

Courses Supported and Teachers

  • Instructional support is provided for core academic classes: english, science, social studies, and mathematics.  For secondary students, foreign language may also be supported if required for the diploma being pursued.  
  • Homebound teachers do not provide instruction in physical education (P.E.), fine arts and practical arts, and elective courses.
  • Homebound teachers must hold a current Virginia license. They may be current Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS) teachers or may work hourly for FCPS to provide this service.
  • Assignments and materials provided by the classroom teacher must be used by the homebound teacher.

Hours and Location of Homebound Services

  • Based on a five-day school week, secondary students are generally provided with two and one-half (2.5) hours of instruction per week for each core class.  Elementary students are generally provided with five (5) hours of instructional services per five-day school week.  Students who do not normally attend a full day of school (early childhood) have a proportionally fewer number of hours.
  • Homebound instruction is delivered during regular school hours, late afternoon, or early evening, and only on those days when school is in session.  
  • When scheduling sessions, homebound teachers take into consideration parent or guardian requests, but not all requests can be accommodated.
  • The location of services is designated by the Office of Out-of-School Support and may be the student’s home or a health care facility.  If services are to be provided in the home, a home visit must be completed prior to the initiation of services, an adult must be present at all times, and all pets must be confined prior to the arrival of the homebound teacher.  

Student Rights and Responsibilities

  • The Student Rights and Responsibilities (SR&R) applies to all students in FCPS at school or during school-sponsored activities. Homebound instruction is considered a school-sponsored activity regardless of the venue.

Missed sessions

  • Make-up sessions are only allowed for sessions missed due to illness or family emergencies, and when cancellations are made 24 hours prior to scheduled sessions.  
  • Unless a session can be made up during the same week it was missed, it cannot be made up without permission from the Out-of-School Support program manager or educational specialist.  
  • Sessions missed due to cancellation by the homebound teacher are made up.
  • Sessions missed due to cancellation of FCPS school activities are not made up.

Special Education 

  • If a student is eligible for special education services and qualifies for homebound instruction, the individualized education program (IEP) must be amended to reflect the student’s temporary instructional needs.


  • Frequent communication is required between the classroom and homebound teachers, and all work completed by the student is turned in to the classroom teacher.  
  • The classroom teacher is the teacher of record and is responsible for assigning the quarter, semester, and final grades to the student.
  • Every effort will be made to ensure academic progress; however, course credit must still be earned according to class requirements.  

Standards of Learning (SOL) Tests and Other Required Testing

  • The school homebound coordinator, the school testing coordinator, classroom teachers, and homebound teachers will collaborate to arrange for the administration of required testing.

Extension or Early Termination of Homebound Services

  • If homebound services need to be extended, parents should contact their school social worker to begin the extension process.
  • If the student is able to return to school before scheduled to do so, it is the responsibility of the parent to obtain a medical release statement.  
  • Special education students must have an IEP which returns them to school-based services before homebound services can be terminated.

End-of-Year Termination of Homebound Services


  • Homebound instruction for general education students ends on the last scheduled day of regular classes for FCPS students. 
  • Homebound instruction for special education students follows the schedule delineated by the student’s IEP.

Interested in becoming a homebound teacher?