Home-based Instruction

Home-based instruction may be provided to special education students who have been removed from school due to disciplinary or other reasons.

Out-of-School Support

In addition to home-based instruction, Out-of-School Support also consists of homebound instruction and temporary academic support.

The student’s individualized education program (IEP) team determines the placement and defines the services to be provided.  

The goal of home-based instruction is to keep the student current with classroom instruction until the student is allowed to return to a classroom setting. 

Home-based instruction is not intended to replace school services and is, by design, temporary.  It is not a remediation program and is not designed to provide students with time to make up previously missed assignments.  The goal of home-based instruction is to keep the student as current as possible with classroom instruction. 

Courses Supported and Teachers

  • Instructional support is provided for core academic classes: English, science, social studies, and mathematics.  For secondary students, foreign language may also be supported if required for the diploma being pursued.  
  • Home-based teachers do not provide instruction in physical education (P.E.), fine arts and practical arts, and elective courses.
  • Home-based teachers must hold a current Virginia license.  They may be current Fairfax County Public Schools (FCPS) teachers or may work hourly for FCPS to provide this service.
  • Assignments and materials provided by the classroom teacher are used by the home-based teacher.

Hours and Location of Home-based Services

  • Based on a five-day school week, secondary students are generally provided with two and one-half (2.5) hours of instruction per week for each core class.  Elementary students are generally provided with five (5) hours of instructional services per five-day school week.
  • Home-based instruction is delivered during regular school hours, late afternoon, or early evening, and only on those days when school is in session.  
  • When scheduling sessions, home-based teachers take into consideration parent or guardian requests, but not all requests can be accommodated.
  • Home-based services may be delivered virtually or in-person.  In-person instruction can be at the student’s home, health care facility or public library.  If services are to be provided in the home, a home visit must be completed prior to the initiation of services, an adult must be present at all times, and all pets must be confined prior to the arrival of the homebound teacher.

Student Rights and Responsibilities

  • The Student Rights and Responsibilities (SR&R) applies to all students in FCPS at school or during school-sponsored activities. Home-based instruction is considered a school sponsored activity regardless of the venue.

Missed sessions

  • Make-up sessions are only allowed for sessions missed due to illness or family emergencies, and when cancellations are made 24 hours prior to scheduled sessions. 
  • Unless a missed session can be made up during the same week it was missed, it cannot be made up without permission from the Out-of-School Support program manager or educational specialist.
  • Sessions missed due to cancellation by the home-based teacher are made up.
  • Sessions missed due to cancellation of FCPS school activities are not made up.


  • Frequent communication is required between the classroom and home-based teachers, and all work completed by the student is turned in to the classroom teacher.  
  • The classroom teacher is the teacher of record and is responsible for assigning the quarter, semester, and final grades to the student.  
  • Every effort will be made to ensure academic progress; however, course credit must still be earned according to class requirements.  

Standards of Learning (SOL) Tests and Other Required Testing

  • The school homebound/home-based coordinator, the school testing coordinator, classroom teachers, and home-based teachers will collaborate to arrange for the administration of required testing.