Student Rights and Responsibilities Steps to Resolve Concerns

Most problems can be resolved satisfactorily by discussing the matter with the teacher, counselor, or principal.

Any concerns about actions or decisions of a teacher or other school personnel should first be discussed with the school principal.

Procedures for how parents can address concerns when they are not satisfied with the principal’s response vary with the type of concern:

  • Discipline: Please refer to Appendix D, page 40 for information on how to appeal a decision to suspend, and page 46 for information on how to petition the School Board to alter a decision to reassign a student to an alternative program. See regulation 2611 for additional information.
  • Complaints regarding actions of teachers or other school personnel; student records; or decisions regarding right of expression, right to display or distribute literature: These complaints should be directed to the appropriate regional assistant superintendent. Phone numbers can be found on page 4.
  • Title IX and discrimination complaints: Please contact the Title IX coordinator at 571-423-3070.
  • Complaints about procedures, programs, or services for students with disabilities should be directed to the coordinator of the Office of Due Process and Eligibility at 571-423-4470.
    Concerns about access to facilities and compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act can be addressed to Design and Construction Services at 571-423-2280.
  • The Office of the Ombudsman is available to talk with parents and students as a confidential, informal, independent, and impartial resource. If you need additional help navigating the school system, contact the Office of the Ombudsman at 571-423-4014 or

General Disciplinary Procedures

  1. Behavior Incident Occurs
  2. The principal or nearest staff member will take appropriate action to stop the incident and the principal will begin the investigation to determine next steps.
  3. The student is given the opportunity to explain what happened; if the infraction may lead to a referral to the Division Superintendent, the administrator will make reasonable and timely efforts to notify the parent/guardians before continuing the investigation. Written statements are voluntary.
  4. The principal will decide appropriate interventions and sanctions based upon the investigation outcomes, notify parents/guardians of the decision, and document outcomes in the student information system.
    • Examples of School-Based Interventions/Sanctions:
      • School-Based Interventions:
        • Re-teach expected behavior with required practice
        • Student/teacher conference and reflection on behavior
        • Admin/parent conference
        • Parent attends one day of school with student
        • Behavior contract
        • Conflict resolution with school counselor
        • Referral to school psychologist or school social worker
        • Substance Abuse Program specialist referral
        • Restorative justice intervention
        • Referral to community resources
      • School-Based Sanctions:
        • Admonition and counseling
        • After-school detention
        • Loss of privileges for a fixed period of time
        • Probationary conditions
        • Removal from class
        • Alternative Instructional Arrangement (AIA)
        • In-School Suspension (ISS)
      • Complaints regarding an in-school intervention/consequence can be addressed to the assistant principal, or principal and then region assistant superintendent. The ombudsman can also be contacted if needed.
    • Short-Term Suspension
      • Up to ten days depending on the behavior.
      • Parents are notified of the suspension in writing, which includes the infraction, start and end date of the suspension, and the right to appeal.
      • Students will have the opportunity to receive full credit for work performed when removed from the classroom.
      • Written appeals are directed first to the principal, then to the Division Superintendent/ Hearings Office.
    • Referral to the Division Superintendent
      • Based upon the infraction, a student may be suspended out-of-school pending the hearing before the Division Superintendent.
      • When suspended out of school, a student is not allowed on any school property without specific permission.
      • A case manager from the Office of Out-of-School Support will be assigned to ensure the student has academic support during the suspension.
      • Written appeals are directed to the full School Board.
    • Special Education Considerations
      • Students with disabilities are ensured necessary accommodations when providing a written statement.
      • Students with an intellectual or developmental disability who may be suspended will not be asked for a verbal or written statement before a parent has been notified.
      • Prior to making a decision to suspend a student out-of-school, the principal will consult with the student’s IEP team to review the IEP and take into consideration any special circumstances regarding the student.
      • 10 or more cumulative days of out-of-school suspension requires a Manifestation Determination Review and an IEP meeting to propose day 11 services or complete an FBA/BIP.

The Student Rights and Responsibilities document explains expectations for student behavior and adult responses to enhance school safety and to create a fair, equitable and supportive school environment.