Grade 5 Adapted Curriculum Alignments

Information for Parents and Guardians

The information listed below is intended to help you understand how the curriculum your child is learning aligns to the progress report standards. The items listed under each progress report standard reflect an academic curriculum that is based upon the Virginia Essentialized Standards of Learning (VESOL). Students who receive instruction in these standards require individualized approaches in order to make progress in the general curriculum. The standards which apply to your child will be indicated. Not all standards will be covered in their entirety by the end of a school year. Content that students do not learn in a particular classroom or school (e.g., band, strings, World Languages) will be marked as “nt” or “not taught.”


Listens and speaks for a specific purpose

  • Participate in group discussions
  • Communicate so that others understand
  • Use simple, common idioms
  • Use content-specific words
  • Ask and respond to questions
  • Learn and use specific vocabulary

Locates and uses information for a variety of sources

  • Use simple reference materials
  • Identify central idea or theme of familiar story, drama, or poem
  • Identify main ideas and beginning, middle, and end of nonfiction text-Identify what is the same in two pieces on same topic

Reads with accuracy and fluency

  • Use phonics and word analysis skills in decoding two-syllable words

Reads with understanding

  • Determine the meaning of words and phrases
  • Read 20 or more high-frequency words
  • Apply knowledge of how print is organized and read
  • Use context cues and language structure to expand vocabulary when reading
  • Use strategies to read a variety of fiction and nonfiction materials

Writes with purpose, clarity, and expression

  • Use a variety of pre-writing strategies
  • Organize information to convey a central idea
  • Select a topic and use drawing, dictating, or writing to compose a message with one fact
  • Write, draw, or dictate a message about a personal event or experience
  • Expand own drawing, dictating or writing
  • Use technology to produce, publish, and share writing
  • List words that describe an event or personal experience to use when writing

Edits for usage and mechanics in own writing

  • Use spelling rules when writing by capitalizing the first letter of familiar names, places
  • Use capitalization, end punctuation, and correct spelling when writing
  • Revise for clarity of content using specific vocabulary and information


Explains how the people and events of the past have influenced the present

  • Identify contributions of ancient Greece or Rome in terms of architecture, government, and sports
  • Identify contributions of ancient China and their influence in the present world in architecture, inventions, calendar, and written language
  • Describe oral tradition, government, and economic development of West African empire of Mali
  • Sequence events in world history

Recognizes the structure of government and the relationship between rules, laws and becoming a good citizen

  • Demonstrate characteristics of a good citizen
  • Recognize why government is necessary in the classroom, school, and community
  • Explain rules and laws
  • Explains the growth of democracy in Greece
  • Identifies facts about Roman government and its influence on the U.S.
  • Understand Americans are people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions

Reads maps and globes and understands the impact of geography on our culture

  • Locate China and Egypt on world maps
  • Compare climate, land, and plant life of regions and how individuals adapt to their environment
  • Construct simple maps, using title, map legend, and compass rose

Understands economic concepts and the impact of economics on culture

  • Explain how natural resources, human resources, and capital resources to produce goods and services
  • Recognize the concept of specialization and interdependence in the production of goods and services
  • Explain that people make choices because they cannot have everything and save money for the future to purchase goods and services
  • Explain how Indian Ocean trade contributed to the exchange of ideas
  • Describes changes in art, learning, and trade during the Renaissance


Represents numbers accurately and understand number relationships

  • Compare numbers by composing and decomposing to 99
  • Round two-digit whole numbers to the nearest 10 from 0-90
  • Apply concept of division using fair and equal shares
  • Differentiate between halves, fourths, and eighths

Computes numbers with fluency/makes reasonable estimates

  • Multiply whole numbers to 5
  • Solve two-step word problems using addition and subtraction of whole numbers

Measures with accuracy and estimates measurements

  • Identify and use customary units to measure weight and length
  • Determine volume of a cube by counting units of measure

Analyzes characteristics of geometric figures and demonstrates an understanding of spatial relationships

  • Identify customary units to measure weight and length of objects
  • Determine volume of a cube by counting units of measure
  • Uses data to describe, interpret, and predict events
  • Represent and interpret data on a picture, line plot, or bar graph
  • Compare two sets of data within a single data display

Represents situations and mathematical relationships with algebraic symbols

  • Recognize patterns in the number of zeros when multiplying a number by powers of 10
  • Identify and extend numerical patterns


Investigates the natural world using scientific processes and resources

  • Identify properties by direct observation
  • Distinguish between observations, conclusions, inferences, and   predictions
  • Use classification keys to group objects or events by characteristics or properties
  • Select appropriate instruments to measure length, mass, volume, temperature, and elapsed time
  • Estimates and accurate measurements are made of length, mass, volume, temperature, and elapsed time
  • Develops hypothesis as cause and effect relationships
  • Communicate data with simple graphs, pictures, written statements, and numbers
  • Construct models to clarify explanations, demonstrate relationships, and solve needs

Understands concepts of physical science including forces, motion, energy, and matter

  • Investigate characteristics and interaction of moving objects-   position, motion, and physical properties
  • Investigate basic properties of solids, liquids, and gases
  • Investigate electricity
  • Investigate light and sound

Demonstrates understanding of the concepts of life science including life processes and living systems

  • Understand basic plant anatomy and life processes
  • Understand plants and animals in an ecosystem interact with one another and the nonliving environment
  • Understand Virginia natural resources
  • Understand organisms are made of cells and have distinguishing characteristics

Demonstrates understanding of Earth’s patterns, cycles, changes, and systems

  • Understand weather conditions and phenomena occur and can be predicted
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the solar system
  • Understand the relationships among the Earth, moon, and sun
  • Understand Virginia natural resources
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the ocean environment
  • Understand how the Earth’s surface is constantly changing


Understand concepts and behaviors that reduce health risks and enhance health

  • Explain the concept of being safe
  • Identify expectations for personal behavior in school and social settings
  • Describes the importance of exercise
  • Identify the effects of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and other harmful substances on personal health
  • Identifies strategies for managing stress
  • Explain the connection between nutrition and weight management

Demonstrate ability to access/evaluate health-related information

  • Evaluates how various forms of media and technology influence perceptions of health, products, and services

Demonstration knowledge of appropriate health practices and behaviors

  • Describe how peers, families, and communities work together to build healthy community
  • Demonstrates interpersonal skills needed to build healthy relationships


Engage in the creative process to develop artworks

  • Develop ideas for artwork before beginning
  • Follows appropriate steps in art making
  • Uses art materials safely and appropriately
  • Reflects on art and art making by describing and explaining own artwork

Use art media and techniques appropriately to produce artworks

  • Uses a variety of art materials to produce artwork
  • Demonstrates control and craftsmanship with art materials

Expresses meaning in artworks in a variety of ways

  • Express ideas and feelings through the creation of works of art
  • Depicts a range of subject matter in artwork
  • Uses and applies knowledge from other subject areas when creating artwork

Applies an understanding of art history, culture, criticism, and aesthetics when making and discussing artwork

  • Engages in discussions about artwork from different places and time to inform art making
  • Responds to own and other’s artwork
  • Uses art vocabulary appropriately to identify and describe artwork


Performs movement skills and patterns in physical activities

  • Performs movement skills while participating in games and modified activities
  • Performs complex gymnastic sequences
  • Performs different types of rhythm and dance sequences

Demonstrates knowledge and use of concepts and principles to improve movement skills

  • Applies concepts of body, space, effort, and relationships to movement
  • Demonstrates force and accuracy when projecting objects
  • Demonstrates basic offensive and defensive tactics
  • Demonstrates form, consistency, and repetition when practicing skills
  • Uses feedback, including available technology, to improve performance

Demonstrates knowledge and skills necessary for a health- enhanced level of personal fitness

  • Describes health-related fitness components needed to maintain a physically active life
  • Identify and demonstrate in short- and long-term benefits of physical activity
  • Explore the music of world cultures through song, dance, and movement
  • Develop one health-related fitness goal
  • Monitors progress on health-related fitness goal

Demonstrates knowledge and skills that ensure safe participation in physical activity settings

  • Participates independently and with peers to improve learning
  • Demonstrates appropriate cooperative and competitive behaviors

Demonstrates knowledge and strategies for living a physically active lifestyle

  • Identifies personal strengths and weaknesses for one physical activity
  • Develops a plan to improve skill performance
  • Identifies benefits of participating in physical activity
  • Identifies programs, clubs, and organizations providing physical activities


Demonstrates appropriate singing skills

  • Sings accurately and with proper technique
  • Sings simple two-part music

Demonstrates appropriate skills playing instruments

  • Plays instruments accurately and with proper technique
  • Performs rhythmic patterns, melodies, and accompaniments

Responds to music with movement

  • Demonstrates the steady beat
  • Moves to music in structured dances and action songs

Demonstrates appropriate skills in composing and improvising

  • Composes rhythmic patterns and melodies using traditional and nontraditional notation
  • Improvises rhythmic patterns, melodies, and harmonies; instrumentally, vocally, and physically

Demonstrates appropriate skills in music literacy

  • Sight-sings intervals and rhythmic patterns
  • Reads and notates music using traditional symbols
  • Analyzes music of diverse styles, periods, and cultures

Applies appropriate listening skills

  • Recognizes and discusses various musical attributes
  • Evaluates the quality of his/her own and other’s performances