Grade 4 Adapted Curriculum Alignments

Information for Parents and Guardians

The information listed below is intended to help you understand how the curriculum your child is learning aligns to the progress report standards. The items listed under each progress report standard reflect an academic curriculum that is based upon the Virginia Essentialized Standards of Learning (VESOL). Students who receive instruction in these standards require individualized approaches in order to make progress in the general curriculum. The standards which apply to your child will be indicated. Not all standards will be covered in their entirety by the end of a school year. Content that students do not learn in a particular classroom or school (e.g., band, strings, World Languages) will be marked as “nt” or “not taught.”


Listens and speaks for a specific purpose

  • Communicates so that others understand
  • Retell stories
  • Asks and responds to questions
  • Learn and use newly acquired vocabulary

Locates and uses information for a variety of sources

  • Use table of contents, pictures, captions, charts
  • Demonstrate comprehension of information in dictionaries
  • Uses print and on-line reference materials
  • Locates facts or information in familiar text

Reads with accuracy and fluency

  • Apply letter-sound knowledge by using first letter plus context to identify unfamiliar words
  • Decodes single-syllable words with common spelling patterns (consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) or high-frequency rhymes
  • Uses newly acquired vocabulary drawn from reading and other content areas
  • Increases number of known words

Reads with understanding

  • Demonstrates understanding of opposites
  • Use details from the text to retell what the text says
  • Describe a character in a story
  • Determine the main idea of fiction and nonfiction text
  • Make connections between text and visual or oral presentations
  • Determine meaning of words in context
  • Recognize written words
  • Determine the main idea
  • Identify first, then, and next in a text
  • Identify the author’s purpose

Writes with clarity and purpose

  • Select a topic and write about it using visual, tactual, or multimedia information
  • Select a topic and list words, facts, or details related to the topic
  • Write using more than one idea in logical organization
  • Revise own writing by adding more information
  • Use technology to produce and share writing
  • Gather information about a topic for written research report from two or more sources
  • Sort information into two provided categories and write information learned about them
  • Use details from a text to support writing

   Edits for usage and mechanics in own writing

  • Use spelling rules when writing by capitalizing the first word of sentence
  • Use end punctuation, and correct spelling when writing


Explains how the people and events of the past have influenced the present

  • Determine cause-and-effect relationships
  • Draw conclusion and make generalizations
  • Sequence events in Virginia history
  • Demonstrate knowledge of Jamestown
  • Demonstrate knowledge of life in the Virginia colony
  • Demonstrate knowledge of first permanent English settlement; explain reasons for colonization
  • Identify the importance of Africans and English women to Jamestown
  • Describe hardships faced by settlers at Jamestown and changes to ensure survival
  • Describe interactions between English settlers and native people, contributions of Powhatan to the survival of the settlers
  • Demonstrate the role of Virginia in the American Revolution
  • Identify the roles played by whites, enslaved African Americans, free African Americans, and American Indians in the Revolutionary war, including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, and James Lafayette
  • Identify importance of the Battle of Great Bridge, the ride of Jack Jouett, and American victory at Yorktown
  • The role of Virginia in the establishment of the American nation
  • Explain why George Washington is called the “Father of our Country” and James Madison is the “Father of the Constitution”
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the Civil War
  • Identify events and differences between northern and southern states that divided Virginia and led to the creation of West Virginia
  • Describe Virginia’s role in the war, major battles in Virginia
  • Compare lives and contributions of American Indian cultures of the past and present, with emphasis on the Powhatan of the Eastern Woodlands, the Lakota of the Plains, and the Pueblo peoples of the Southwest
  • Identify the impact of the travels of the American Indians
  • Describe archaeologists findings of Werowocomoco and Jamestown
  • Interpret information presented in picture timelines to show sequence of events and will distinguish among past, present, and future
  • Identify impact of Woodrow Wilson and George C. Marshall on international events
  • Identify political, social, and/or economic contributions of Maggie L. Walker, Harry F. Byrd, Sr, Oliver W. Hill, Arthur R. Ashe, Jr, A. Linwood Holton, Jr, L. Douglas Wilder

Reads maps and understands the impact of geography on culture

  • Recognize basic map symbols, land, water, cities, and roads
  • Use cardinal d\directions on maps
  • Recognize the shape of the US and Virginia on maps and globes
  • Locate Washington D.C., the capital of the United States, and Richmond the capital of Virginia on a United States map
  • Locates Virginia, bordering states and five regions on maps
  • Locate and describe Virginia’s Coastal Plain (Tidewater), Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau
  • Locate and identify water features important to the early history of Virginia (Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, James River, York River, Potomac River, Pappahannock River, and Lake Drummond and the Dismal Swamp
  • Locate the regions of the Powhatan, Lakota, and Pueblo Indians on United States maps
  • Describe how location, climate, and physical surrounding affect the way people live-food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation
  • Describe how geography influenced the decisions to settle Jamestown

Recognizes the structure of government and the relationship between rules, laws and becoming a good citizen

  • Demonstrate characteristics of a good citizen
  • Participate in classroom decision making through voting
  • Recognize why government in necessary in the classroom, school, and community
  • Recognize the symbols and traditional practices that honor and foster patriotism in the United States
  • Identify the American flag, bald eagle, Washington monument, and Statue of Liberty
  • Demonstrate respect for the American flag by learning about the Pledge of Allegiance
  • Explain rules and laws
  • Explain the basic purposes of government are to make laws, carry out laws, and decide if laws have been broken
  • Recognize communities in Virginia have local governments

Understands economic concepts and the impact of culture

  • Explain how natural resources, and capital resources to produce goods and services
  • Recognize the concept of specialization and interdependence in the production of goods and services
  • Recognize that people benefit from people who volunteer in their communities
  • Explain that people make choices because they cannot have everything and save money for the future to purchase goods and services
  • Understand Americans are people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions


Represents numbers accurately and understand number relationships

  • Count and compare numbers based on place value by composing and decomposing to 50
  • Compare whole numbers (<, >, =)
  • Round one- and two-digit whole numbers from 0-50 to nearest 10
  • Represent equivalent fractions

Computes numbers with fluency/makes reasonable estimates

  • Add and subtract double-digit whole numbers
  • Solve single-step word problems using addition and subtraction
  • Show one way to arrive at product

Measures with accuracy and estimates measurements

  • Identify smaller measurement units that divide a larger unit within a measurement system
  • Tell time to the half hour using a digital or the hour using an analog clock
  • Round money to a nearest dollar

Analyses characteristics of geometric figures and demonstrate an understanding of spatial relationships

  • Compare size and shape of plane geometric figures
  • Draw, describe, sort plane geometric figures by attribute
  • Identify, describe, and sort geometric solids according to properties
  • Distinguish between parallel and intersecting lines

Use data to describe, interpret, and predict events

  • Gather data relating to familiar experience by counting and tallying
  • Investigate, identify, and describe various forms of data collection
  • Identify, create, and extend patterns
  • Use repeating patterns to make predictions

Represents situations and mathematical relationships with algebraic symbols

  • Sort or classify concrete objects according to one or more attributes
  • Recognize, describe, and extend a variety of patterns
  • Recognize, describe, and extend numerical and geometric patterns
  • Use repeating patterns to make predictions


Investigates and demonstrates understanding of the natural world in a systematic way like a scientist and applies these skills and knowledge to solve problems

  • Make observations and predictions
  • Use simple tools to enhance observations
  • Gather, chart, and graph data
  • Make predictions and draw conclusions based on observation and data
  • Construct simple physical models to demonstrate relationships
  • Sequence natural events chronologically
  • Estimate and measure length, volume, mass, and temperature
  • Measure time to nearest minute
  • Classify objects by similar characteristics into sets and subsets

Understands concepts of physical science including force, motion, energy, and matter

  • Investigate the position, motion, and physical properties of an object
  • Objects are made of one or more materials
  • Investigate simple machines
  • Investigate objects and describe by physical properties

Demonstrates understanding of the concepts of life science including life processes and living systems

  • Investigate and understands the following:
  • Animal and plant life cycles
  • Behavioral and physical adaptations
  • Interdependency of plants and animals
  • Hibernation, migration, camouflage, mimicry, instinct
  • Producer, consumer, and decomposer
  • Herbivore, carnivore, and omnivore
  • Predator and prey
  • Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems
  • Effects of human activity on air, water, and habitat
  • Effects of fire, flood, disease, and erosion on organisms

Demonstrates understand of Earth’s patterns, cycles, changes, and Earth/Space Systems

  • Investigates and understands the following:
  • Soil provides support and nutrients for plant growth
  • Topsoil is a natural product of subsoil and bedrock
  • Rock, clay, silt, sand and humus as components of soils
  • Soil is a natural resource and should be conserved
  • Patterns of natural events
  • Many sources of water on Earth
  • Energy from the sun drives the water cycle and involves several processes
  • Sources of nonrenewable energy (fossil fuels)
  • Sources of renewable energy: solar, wind and moving water


Understand concepts and behaviors that reduce health risks and enhance health

  • Explain that health habits and decisions impact personal growth and development
  • Understand how germs and illness are spread
  • Identifies the importance of developing coping skills and self-control
  • Explain the role of regular physical activity, good nutrition, and healthy choices

Access and evaluate health-related information

  • Identify the health care providers and agencies that influence personal health
  • Demonstrate the ability to use health information to improve personal health

Demonstrates knowledge of appropriate health practices and behaviors

  • Explain the importance of seeking guidance from parents/guardians and other trusted adults
  • Identifies basic emotional, mental, and social needs and strategies to meet needs
  • Identify the need to assume responsibility for oneself within family, peer groups, and the larger community
  • Explain the importance of being aware of and respecting individual differences


Engage in the creative process to develop artworks

  • Develop ideas for artwork before beginning
  • Follows appropriate steps in art making
  • Uses art materials safely and appropriately
  • Reflects on art and art making by describing and explaining own artwork

Use art media and techniques appropriately to produce artworks

  • Uses a variety of art materials to produce artwork
  • Demonstrates control and craftsmanship with art materials

Expresses meaning in artworks in a variety of ways

  • Express ideas and feelings through the creation of works of art
  • Depicts a range of subject matter in artwork
  • Uses and applies knowledge from other subject areas when creating artwork

Applies an understanding of art history, culture, criticism, and aesthetics when making and discussing artwork

  • Engages in discussions about artwork from different places and time to inform art making
  • Responds to own and other’s artwork
  • Uses art vocabulary appropriately to identify and describe artwork


Performs movement skills and patterns in physical activities

  • Performs movement skills in modified games and activities
  • Moves to a rhythm
  • Performs movement sequences that combine four or more movements

Demonstrates knowledge and use of concepts and principles to improve movement skills

  • Demonstrate knowledge of the movement concepts while performing locomotor skills
  • Demonstrate basic game strategies
  • Uses movement principles to improve performance and give feedback to others

Demonstrates knowledge and skills necessary for a health-enhanced level of personal fitness

  • Identifies the comp0onents of health-related fitness
  • Determine personal fitness goals using fitness test data

Demonstrates knowledge and skills that ensure safe participation in physical activity settings

  • Works productively and respectfully with others
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the purpose for rules, procedures, etiquette, and respectful behaviors
  • Identifies contributions of cultures in sport, dance, and recreation

Demonstrates knowledge and strategies for living a physically active lifestyle

  • Identify and participate regularly in physical activities to improve skills and personal health, at school, at home, and in the community


Demonstrates appropriate singing skills

  • Demonstrate the difference between a singing voice and speaking voice
  • Sing a variety of songs individually and in groups

Demonstrates appropriate skills while playing instruments

  • Perform rhythmic patterns that include sounds and silences
  • Create music through the use of classroom instruments and body percussion
  • Play a repertoire of songs on instruments

Responds to music with movement

  • Demonstrate steady beat by using movement
  • Moves to music in structured/unstructured dances and action songs

Demonstrates appropriate skills in composing and improvising

  • Exhibit respect for the contributions of self and others in a music setting
  • Create music through a variety of experiences

Demonstrates appropriate skills in music literacy

  • Recognize and demonstrate expressive qualities of music: fast/slow and loud/soft
  • Distinguish between melodic rhythm and steady beat, using sight and sound
  • Analyzes music of diverse styles, periods, and cultures

Applies appropriate listening skills

  • Recognizes and discusses various musical attributes
  • Evaluates the quality of own and other’s performance