General Registration Immunizations
Immunizations needed for enrollment in kindergarten through grade 12
Preschool Immunization RequirementsRequired Immunizations for Early Childhood Special Education, PreK, and Early Head Start
Required Immunizations for Kindergarten through 12th Grade
Diphtheria, Tetanus, & Pertussis (DTaP, DTP, or Tdap). A minimum of 4 properly space doses. A child must have at least one dose of DTaP or DTP vaccine on or after the fourth birthday. DT (Diphtheria, Tetanus) vaccine is required for children who are medically exempt from the pertussis containing vaccine (DTaP or DTP). Adult Td is required for children 7 years of age and older who do not meet the minimum requirements for tetanus and diphtheria. A booster dose of Tdap vaccine is required for all children entering the 7th grade.
Hepatitis A (HAV) Vaccine. Effective July 1, 2021, a minimum of 2 doses of Hepatitis A vaccine. The first dose should be administered at age 12 months or older.
Hepatitis B Vaccine. A complete series of 3 properly spaced doses of hepatitis B vaccine is required for all children. However, the FDA has approved a 2-dose schedule ONLY for adolescents 11-15 years of age AND ONLY when the Merck Brand (RECOMBIVAX HB) Adult Formulation Hepatitis B Vaccine is used. If the 2-dose schedule is used for adolescents 11-15 years of age it must be clearly documented on the school form.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine. Effective July 1, 2021, a complete series of 2 doses of HPV vaccine is required for students entering the 7th grade. The first dose shall be administered before the child enters the 7th grade. After reviewing educational materials approved by the Board of Health, the parent or guardian, at the parents or guardians sole discretion, may elect for the child not to receive the HPV vaccine.
Measles, Mumps, & Rubella (MMR) Vaccine. A minimum of 2 measles, 2 mumps, and 1 rubella. (Most children receive 2 doses of each because the vaccine usually administered is the combination vaccine MMR). First dose must be administered at age 12 months or older. Second dose of vaccine must be administered prior to entering kindergarten but can be administered at any time after the minimum interval between dose 1 and dose 2.
Meningococcal Conjugate (MenACWY) Vaccine. Effective July 1, 2021, a minimum of 2 doses of MenACWY vaccine. The first dose should be administered prior to entering 7th grade. The final dose should be administered prior to entering 12th grade.
Polio (IPV) Vaccine. A minimum of 4 doses of polio vaccine. One dose must be administered on or after the fourth birthday. See supplemental guidance document for additional information.
Varicella (Chickenpox) Vaccine. All children born on and after January 1, 1997, shall be required to have one dose of chickenpox vaccine administered at age 12 months or older. Effective March 3, 2010, a second dose must be administered prior to entering kindergarten but can be administered at any time after the minimum interval between dose 1 and dose 2.
See Supplemental Guidance for School-required Vaccines for additional information, displayed in an easy-to-read graphic table.
Immunizations must be administered in accordance with the harmonized schedule of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Academy of Family Physicians and must be administered within spacing and age requirements.
Children immunized in accordance with either the current harmonized schedule or the harmonized catch-up schedules (including meeting all minimum age and interval requirements) are considered to be appropriately immunized for school attendance.
For the latest information on state requirements visit: www.vdh.virginia.gov/immunization/requirements.
Virginia Department of Health (VDH) Immunization Requirements
- Code of Virginia
- VDH School and Day Care Minimum Immunization Requirements
- VDH Guide to Required Vaccinations by Age
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Immunization Schedules and Graphics
- CDC 2021 Vaccination Recommendation for Children (birth - 6 years of age)
- CDC Catch-up Vaccination Schedule for Children (4 months - 18 years of age)
Medical Care Resources
- Low Cost Healthcare Resources in Northern Virginia
- Fairfax County Neighborhood Health Resources
- Fairfax County Health Department Clinic Locations
- Low Cost Immunization Provider Map From VDH-Virginia Vaccines for Children (VVFC)