# PreK Essential Standards

## School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

## Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

### Language Arts

#### Unit 1: Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (8 weeks)

• Follow the predictable routines and understand that choosing books to read is part of that routine.
• Notice how books work.
• Listen to and share ideas about books with others.
• Share their ideas about books with others.
• Explore a variety of books to determine the types of books they love.
• Independently use the materials needed to write.
• Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
• Develop active and attentive listening skills.
• Begin to notice and name uppercase and lowercase letters.
• Listen for and name beginning sounds in words.
• Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.

### Mathematics

#### Unit 1: Attributes (2 weeks)

• Match and sort objects according to one attribute such as color or shape.

#### Unit 2: Counting and Numbers Part 1 (6 weeks)

• Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
• Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.
• Given two sets, each containing five or less concrete objects, will compare groups by matching objects and describe the groups using the terms more, fewer, same.
• Count forward orally by ones to 20.
• Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.

### Science

#### Unit 1: Patterns and Change (2 weeks)

• Observe daily weather and routines.
• Investigate that natural and human-made things may change over time.

#### Unit 2: Inquiry Based Observations Part 1 (3 weeks)

• Investigate basic characteristics of objects by direct observation.
• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size.
• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic.
• Investigate the five senses and their corresponding sensing organ.
• Begin to use the senses to gather information.
• Investigate the color, shape, form, texture, feel, size and weight of objects.

#### Unit 3: Inquiry Based Observations Part 2 (3 weeks)

• Investigate basic characteristics of objects by direct observation.
• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size.
• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic.
• Investigate the color, shape, form, texture, feel, size and weight of objects.
• Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations.
• Investigate the shapes and forms of many common natural objects including seeds, cones, and leaves.

### Social Studies

#### Unit 1: Good Citizenship Part 1 (2 weeks)

• Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen.
• Begin to participate in classroom duties.
• Take care of some personal belongings (e.g., backpack and jacket).
• Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.
• Begin to demonstrate that being a good citizen involves practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others.
• Practice good citizenship by participating in activities and following classroom rules and routines.

#### Unit 2: Good Citizenship Part 2 (3 weeks)

• Begin to recognize that people make choices because they cannot have everything they want.
• Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
• Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.
• Begin to participate in making classroom decisions.
• Begin to work well with classmates in groups.
• Begin to offer a solution to a problem.

#### Unit 3:Change Over Time (3 weeks)

• Observe physical surroundings.
• Show an awareness that things change over time.

## Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

### Language Arts

#### Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (10 weeks)

• Notice how books work and how books have patterns.
• Listen to others and share ideas about books.
• Use patterns in books to help them make predictions.
• Use pictures and illustrations to help them learn about a topic.
• Independently use the materials needed to write.
• Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
• Share about topics they know about by talking, drawing and writing.
• Develop active and attentive listening skills.
• Notice and name uppercase and lowercase letters.
• Listen for and name beginning sounds in words.
• Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.

### Mathematics

#### Geometry (3 weeks)

• Recognize and describe plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
• Compare the size (smaller, larger) and shape of two plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
• Describe the location of one object relative to another (next to, beside, above, below, under, over).

#### Sorting and Patterns (6 weeks)

• Match and sort objects according to one attribute such as color or shape.
• Identify, copy, and begin to extend simple patterns using a variety of materials

#### Counting and Number Part 2 (6 weeks)

• Count forward orally by ones to 20.
• Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.
• Participate in collecting and organizing data.
• Begin to read and interpret data in object graphs and picture graphs.

**Students will learn about Data Analysis during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

### Science

#### Investigations (4 weeks)

• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic
• Participate in investigations in which picture graphs are created.

#### Investigations (3 weeks)

• Participate in investigations in which the length and mass of common objects are compared
• Participate in investigations in which objects are described both pictorially and verbally

#### Change (3 weeks)

• Observe daily weather and routines
• Investigate that natural and human-made things may change over time.
• Investigate and changes can be observed and measured
• Understand there are simple repeating patterns in daily life
• Observe daily weather and routines

### Social Studies

#### Civics: Being a Good Citizen and Understanding Diverse Communities  (4 weeks)

• Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
• Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen.
• Begin to participate in classroom duties.
• Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.

#### Civics: Being a Good Citizen and Understanding Diverse Communities: (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
• The student will begin to demonstrate that being a good citizen involves practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others.

#### Change over Time (3 weeks)

Begin to recognize there are different seasons.

## Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

### Language Arts

#### Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (9 weeks)

• Use pictures and illustrations to help them learn about a topic.
• Listen to others and share ideas.
• Talk about characters and use story language to retell what happened.
• Use oral storytelling to share about their life and to think about what they want to draw or write about.
• Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
• Develop active and attentive listening skills.
• Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.
• Listen for words that begin with the same sound and name words that share the same beginning sound.
• Match upper- and lower-case letters and match sounds to the appropriate letter.
• Listen for and produce parts of words in multisyllabic words.

### Mathematics

#### Counting and Number (3 weeks)

• Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
• Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.

#### Geometry (3 weeks)

• Begin to recognize and describe plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
• Compare the size (smaller, larger) and shape of two plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
• Begin to describe the location of one object relative to another (next to, beside, above, below, under, over).

#### Counting and Number (6 weeks)

• Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
• Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.
• Given two sets, each containing five or less concrete objects, will compare groups by matching objects and describe the groups using the terms more, fewer, same.
• Investigate and describe part-whole relationships for numbers up to five.

### Science

#### Investigations (3 weeks)

• Begin to participate in investigations in which observations are made from multiple positions to achieve different perspectives
• Participate in investigations in which unusual or unexpected results in an activity are recognized

#### Investigations (3 weeks)

• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
• Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations

#### Change (3 weeks)

• Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
• Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations
• Observe daily weather and routines
• Investigate the shapes and forms of many common natural objects including seeds, cones, and leaves

### Social Studies

#### Geography (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
• Demonstrate an understanding of different types of work people do.
• Explore maps to begin to develop an understanding of community.
• Begin to understand that a community is where people live, work, and play.

#### Economics (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
• Begin to understand that a community is where people live, work, and play.
• Identify wants and needs.

#### Change (3 weeks)

Begin to recognize there are different seasons.

## Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

### Language Arts

#### Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (9 weeks)

• Listen to a variety of poems and nursery rhymes and share ideas about which ones they love.
• Listen to poems and songs and cite and sing them over and over and share ideas about what they mean.
• Look for books and information that will help them learn about topics that interest them.
• Share about things they know about by talking, drawing and writing.
• Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
• Develop active and attentive listening skills.
• Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.
• Listen for words that begin with the same sound and name words that share the same beginning sound.
• Listen for and produce parts of words in multisyllabic words.

### Mathematics

#### Counting and Numbers (3 weeks)

• Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
• Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10

#### Composing and Decomposing Numbers (6 weeks)

• Model and solve story problems with sums to 5 and differences within 5, using concrete objects.

#### Data Analysis (3 weeks)

• Participate in collecting and organizing data.
• Begin to read and interpret data in object graphs and picture graphs.

### Science

#### Life Cycles (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

• Basic needs and life processes of plants and animals
• Plants need nutrients, water, air, light, and a place to grow to survive
• Plants and animals change as they grow, and have varied life cycles
• Offspring of plants and animals are similar but not identical to their parents or to one another
• Changes can be observed and measured

#### Natural Resources (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

• Plants and animals change as they grow, and have varied life cycles
• Offspring of plants and animals are similar but not identical to their parents or to one another
• Materials and everyday objects can be reused, recycled, and conserved
• Conserving water and energy at home and in school helps take care of our resources (e.g., turning off the water after washing hands)

#### Change (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

• Natural and human-made things may change over time
• Changes can be observed and measured

### Social Studies

#### History (3 weeks)

• Begin to describe everyday life in the present and in the past and show an awareness that things change over time.

#### Civics (3 weeks)

• Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen.

#### Change (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate skills for historical thinking by listening to stories and exploring artifacts to begin to develop an understanding of events that occurred in the past.
• Begin to recognize there are different seasons.