Grade 5 Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers (5 weeks total)

  • Use what they know about themselves to make decisions about how they work independently during the workshop.
  • Work toward flexible thinking, using discussion to uncover layers of meaning.
  • Match their choice of genre and form with the purpose of their writing.
  • Recognize the impact their piece has on the audience.
  • Use context and sentence structure to determine meanings and differentiate among multiple meanings of words.

Fiction (7 weeks)

  • Follow the journey of characters to develop new understandings about the human experience.
  • Compare perspectives with others and build on ideas in discussion.
  • Analyze the choices writers and illustrators make to construct power, position, and perspective.
  • Use what students know about their own writing process to work independently.
  • Bring out internal conflict of the character through elaboration techniques (action, dialogue, character and setting description) to reveal larger lessons about life.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones to determine the meaning of new words.

Mathematics

Characteristics of Numbers (4 weeks)

Identify and describe the characteristics of prime & composite and even & odd numbers. 

Fraction and Decimal Number Sense (8 weeks)

  • Given a decimal through thousandths, round to the nearest whole number, tenth, or hundredth.
  • Represent and identify equivalencies among fractions and decimals, with and without models.
  • Compare and order fractions, mixed numbers, and/or decimals, in a given set, from least to greatest and greatest to least.

**Students will learn about Geometry during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Advanced Math

Ratios (Fractions, Decimals, and Percents) (6 weeks)

  • Represent relationships between quantities using ratios, and use appropriate notations, such as a/b , a to b, and a:b.
  • Represent and determine equivalencies among fractions, mixed numbers, decimals, and percents.

Fractions and Decimals (7 weeks)

  • Multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers. 
  • Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions and mixed numbers. 
  • Solve multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals.

Science

Landforms (2 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Developing and using models
  • Investigate and understand:
    • The rock cycle and how transformations between rocks occur
    • Changes in Earth's crust due to plate tectonics

Landforms (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
  • Investigate and understand:
    • The identification of rock types
    • Earth history and fossil evidence
    • Weathering, erosion, and deposition

Landforms (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Weathering, erosion, and deposition
    • Human impact

Social Studies

Civics (2 weeks)

  • Demonstrate responsible citizenship, both on and offline, and construct an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities (including Digital Citizenship) by showing respect for rules and laws while collaborating, compromising, and participating in classroom activities.
  • Understand the significance of Constitution Day and the establishment of a new American nation through the ideas of the United States Constitution.

Exploring Culture through Global Awareness (3 weeks)

Construct an understanding of global awareness by identifying and evaluating common attributes all cultures share and how they shape the identity and behavior of a group of people.

Exploring Culture through Global Awareness (3 weeks)

Construct an understanding of global awareness by identifying and evaluating common attributes all cultures share and how they shape the identity and behavior of a group of people.
 

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Stories: Fiction (2 weeks)

  • Follow the journey of characters to develop new understandings about the human experience.
  • Compare perspectives with others and build on ideas in discussion.
  • Analyze the choices the writer/illustrator makes to construct power, position, and perspective.
  • Use what they know about their own writing process to work independently.
  • Bring out internal conflict of the character through elaboration techniques (action, dialogue, character and setting description) to reveal larger lessons about life.
  • Focus their nonfiction writing on a small part of a larger topic to communicate their personal interests and passion.
  • Revise their pieces to include more literary and narrative techniques to enhance the readers’ understandings of the information.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones to determine the meaning of new words.

Nonfiction (7 weeks)

  • Take a critical stance while reading, analyzing the author’s explicit and implicit beliefs and comparing them against their own.
  • Evaluate how the literary techniques impact students’ interpretations of the text.
  • Consider the perspectives of others to broaden their own thinking through discussion.
  • Use knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the meaning of new words.
  • Readers use context to clarify the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases.

Mathematics

Fraction and Decimal Number Sense (8 weeks)

  • Given a decimal through thousandths, round to the nearest whole number, tenth, or hundredth.
  • Represent and identify equivalencies among fractions and decimals, with and without models.
  • Compare and order fractions, mixed numbers, and/or decimals, in a given set, from least to greatest and greatest to least.

Whole Number Computation (7 weeks)

  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers.

**Students will learn about Algebraic Reasoning during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Advanced Math

Fractions and Decimals (7 weeks)

  • Multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers.
  • Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions and mixed numbers.
  • Solve multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals.

Rational Numbers and Exponents (4 weeks)

  • Compare and order positive rational numbers.
  • Identify and represent integers.
  • Compare and order integers.

Integer Operations (7 weeks)

  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers.
  • Solve practical problems involving operations with integers.

Science

Oceans (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Developing and using models
    • Asking and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations 
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Geological characteristics of the ocean environment
    • Distinguishing properties of each phase of matter
    • Atoms and elements
    • Molecules and compounds
    • Mixtures including solutions 
    • Physical and ecological characteristics of the ocean environment

Social Studies

Ancient World Cultures (9 weeks)

Acquire knowledge and understanding of world history and geography with a focus on early civilizations:

Note: Teachers choose two of the four civilizations (Mesopotamia, China, India, and Mesoamerica) to focus on during quarter 2.

Fertile Crescent/Mesopotamia
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in the Fertile Crescent from 3500 BCE – 300 BCE.
  • Explain the cultural contributions of Mesopotamia and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
Classical China
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in China from 2000 BCE-200 CE.
  • Explain the cultural contributions of China and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
Classical India
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in India from 2500 BCE-400 CE.
  • Explain the cultural contributions of India and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
Mesoamerica
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilizations and cultures in Mesoamerica and South America from 1500 BCE-1532 CE.
  • Explain the cultural contributions of Mesoamerican civilizations and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Functional Texts (2 weeks)

  • Incorporate all parts of functional texts to understand the author’s purpose and to locate and interpret information.
  • Analyze text for implicit biases and become aware of personal biases.
  • Apply conventions (punctuation, sentence structure) as they edit their writing to strengthen the message.

Poetry (6 weeks)

  • Respond to poetry through performance, art, and writing in order to express their thoughts about a poem.
  • Analyze the effects of poetic devices in a variety of poetic forms (rap, musicals, lyrics, novels written in verse) through multiple readings.
  • Analyze the choices the poet makes to construct power, position, and perspectives.
  • Deliberately choose poetic tools to reveal images, evoke feelings, and produce rhythm and sound.
  • Use knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, and homophones to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Research and Writing about Research (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to compelling questions.
  • Synthesize information across multiple texts and experiences in order to construct emerging understandings.
  • Collaborate to seek new ideas or clarify unresolved questions.
  • Analyze the choices the writer makes to construct power, position, and perspectives.
  • Use knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Mathematics

Whole Number Computation (7 weeks)

  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers.

Decimal Computation (8 weeks)

  • Estimate and determine the product and quotient of two numbers involving decimals.
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, and multiplication of decimals, and create and solve single-step practical problems involving division of decimals.

**Students will learn about Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Advanced Math

Integer Operations (7 weeks)

  • Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers.
  • Solve practical problems involving operations with integers.

**Students will learn about Coordinate Plane and Congruence during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Expression, Equations, and Inequalities (6 weeks)

  • Solve one-step linear equations in one variable, including practical problems that require the solution of a one-step linear equation in one variable.

**Students will learn about Circles and Geometric Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

The Energy of Light and Sound: (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Developing and using models
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves
    • Transverse waves
    • Reflection of light from reflective surfaces
    • Refraction of light through water and prisms
    • The visible light spectrum
    • Opaque, transparent, and translucent
    • How sound is created and transmitted, and how it is used
    • Vibration, compression, wavelength, frequency, and amplitude
    • The ability to different media (solid, liquids, and gasses) to transmit sound
    • Uses and applications of sound waves

Social Studies

Ancient World Civilizations  (9 weeks)

Acquire knowledge and understanding of world history and geography with a focus on early civilizations:

Note: Teachers choose two of the four civilizations (Mesopotamia, China, India, and Mesoamerica) to focus on during quarter 2.

Classical Greece
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Classical Greece from 1400 BCE-350 BCE.
  • Explain how myths and religion contributed to the culture of Greece and evaluate how the growth of democracy and their contributions have influenced the world today.
Ancient Rome
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Ancient Rome from 500 BCE-350 BCE.
  • Explain how the development of Christianity in the Roman Empire, the structure of Rome's government, and their contributions have influenced the world today.
Africa
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of eastern and southern Africa from 500 BCE-1500 CE.
  • Analyze how trade impacted the Kingdom of Axum and the civilization of Great Zimbabwe and how the exchange of ideas and have influenced the world today.
Southwest Asia
  • Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Southwest Asia from 500 CE-900 CE.
  • Describe the origin and spread of Islam and its effect on trade, art, and science in the world today.

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Research & Writing About Research (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to compelling questions.
  • Synthesize information across multiple texts and experiences in order to construct emerging understandings.
  • Collaborate to seek new ideas or clarify unresolved questions.
  • Analyze the choices the writer makes to construct power, position, and perspectives.
  • Use knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Independent Writing Project and Choice of Reading Unit (5 weeks)

  • Reading goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*
  • Use self-selected mentor texts to support revision and editing.
  • Decide what is needed to develop as writers and take steps to accomplish short and long-term goals.
  • Seek out support from and contribute support to fellow writers.
  • Word Study goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*

*Please contact your child’s teacher to know which unit is being taught.

Mathematics

Fraction Computation (8 weeks)

  • Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with fractions and mixed numbers.
  • Solve single-step practical problems involving multiplication of a whole number, limited to 12 or less, and a proper fraction, with models. 

**Students will learn about Data and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Advanced Math

Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities (6 weeks)

  • Solve one-step linear equations in one variable, including practical problems that require the solution of a one-step linear equation in one variable.

**Students will learn about Circles and Geometric Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Proportions (5 weeks)

  • Represent a proportional relationship between two quantities, including those arising from practical situations.
  • Determine the unit rate of a proportional relationship and use it to find a missing value in a ratio table.
  • Determine whether a proportional relationship exists between two quantities.

**Students will learn about Data Distributions during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Science

Science in the Field (10 weeks total)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Basic cell structures and functions
    • Classification of organisms using physical characteristics, body structures, and behavior of the organism
    • Traits of organisms that allow them to survive in their environment

Social Studies

Global Awareness Technology Project (GATP) 2020-21 (10 weeks)

  • Choosing Topics / Evaluating Resources
    • Make connections to reflect on aspects of cultures studied and the GATP Essential Questions, understanding how the past has affected our modern world.
    • Choose a topic based on interest, aligns with GATP parameters, and engage in a collaborative process to establish working norms with a group.
    • Find, evaluate, and select appropriate resources for a research product.
  • Research and Collaborate
    • Use a research model to gather, use, apply, and evaluate information for their chosen GATP topic.
    • Listen, draw conclusions, and share responses in subject-related group learning activities.
    • Write for a variety of purposes: to describe, inform, explain, and persuade.
  • Creating a Final GATP Product
    • Continue to work on the GATP process to create a final product that demonstrates learning around chosen topics.