Grade 3 AAP Level IV Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts

Interdisciplinary Unit (8 weeks) 

  • Use different strategies such as determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple points of view.
  • Pose and respond to open ended questions and clarify and challenge ideas.
  • Ask clarifying questions and take notes when listening to a speaker.
  • Understand cause and effect and its relationship to consequences.
  • Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction texts.
  • Think about literature through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.
  • Lead and contribute in group discussions and other points of view.
  • Identify a concept or "Big Idea" that connects to interdisciplinary concepts like change, systems, or relationships.
  • Use technology, including the Internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
  • Group ideas related to the topic.
  • Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
  • Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.
  • Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing. 

Advanced Mathematics

Addition and Subtraction (4 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place value of each digit in a six-digit whole number, with and without models.
  • Round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand.
  • Compare and order whole numbers each 9,999 or less.
  • Estimate and determine the sum or difference of two whole numbers.
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving sums or differences of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.        

Multiplication and Division  (4 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

Science

Ladybugs (8 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Developing and using models
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Adaptations allow organisms to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment
    • Adaptations may be behavioral or physical
    • Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems support a diversity of organisms
    • Relationships exist among organisms in an ecosystem
AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
  • Understand the interdependency of producer, consumer, and decomposer in an ecosystem.
  • Analyze the relationships between and among systems.
  • Analyze the interactions of various system components with one another and the input into the system.

Social Studies

Civics and Citizenship (2 weeks)

Apply the traits of a good citizen, on and offline, and an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities by:

  • Respecting the rights and property of others
  • Describing actions that can improve school and community
  • Demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance
  • Practicing honesty and trustworthiness
  • Explaining the purpose of rules
AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
  • Develop responsibility for creating community.
  • Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.
  • Understand that change in our actions can have positive and/or negative effects to our community and government.

Civics and Government (3 weeks)

  • Evaluate the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States.
  • Explain the purpose of laws.
  • Explain the purpose of government: make laws, carry out laws, decide if laws have been broken.
AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
  • Create generalizations about the principles of government.
  • Analyze how human civilizations develop and help themselves as a part of interdependent systems.
  • Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.

World Geography (3 weeks)

  • Use globes and maps to locate, describe, and compare major rivers, mountain ranges, and geographic features of Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America.
AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
  • Utilize maps, globes, and other geographic tools (e.g. internet/GPS/etc.) to locate, describe, and compare various sites, places, and geographic features.

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

  • Use a variety of strategies, including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
  • Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
  • Create generalizations about the story/‌text based on categories and concepts.
  • Develop reasoning skills in the language arts.
  • Analyze literature through the lens of a concept Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
  • Make new connections considering the evidence and reasoning presented.
  • Compare and contrast internal and external influences on settings, characters, and events over time.
  • Synthesize author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
  • Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
  • Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
  • Focus, organize, and elaborate to create an effective message.
  • Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
  • Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
  • Use descriptive details and examples.
  • Reflect individuality through word choice and style.
  • Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
  • Group ideas related to the topic.
  • Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.

Advanced Mathematics

Fractions Part 1 (4 weeks)

  • Name and write fractions and mixed numbers represented by a model.
  • Represent fractions and mixed numbers with models and symbols.
  • Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.
  • Represent equivalent fractions.

Addition and Subtraction Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a nine-digit whole number.
  • Estimate and determine sums and differences of whole numbers (numbers each 999,999 or less).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Science

Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Patterns of natural events such as day and night, seasonal changes, simple phases of the moon
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Understand how our world changes over time.
    • Understand and analyze cyclical patterns of change.
    • Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.


Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • There are many sources of water on Earth
    • The energy from the sun drives the water cycle, which has many processes
    • Water is essential for living things
    • Water on Earth is limited and needs to be conserved
    • Sources of renewable and nonrenewable energy
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Determine human dependency on several major sources of energy found on Earth
    • Investigate the effects of humans on the environment, the importance of Earth’s natural resources, and sound conservation practices
    • Design, perform, and report on the results of experiments related to a given problem

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Energy is from the sun
    • Conservation and resource renewal
    • Sources of renewable and nonrenewable energy
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Determine human dependency on several major sources of energy found on Earth.
    • Sequence natural events chronologically.
    • Understand how natural resources change over time.
    • Understand that systems are interdependent of each other.

Social Studies

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Egypt.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Egypt adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Egypt.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards
    • Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.
    • Analyze how human civilizations develop and sustain themselves as a collection of interdependent systems.

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
    • Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (9 weeks)

  • Develop analytical and interpretative skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction text.
  • Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
  • Conducts authentic research by applying skills of questioning, information gathering, data analysis, and synthesis.
  • Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, relationships.
  • Use a variety of strategies, to include: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
  • Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
  • Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
  • Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
  • Use descriptive details and examples.
  • Reflect individuality through word choice and style.
  • Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
  • Group ideas related to the topic.
  • Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.
  • Develop linguistic competency.
  • Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

Advanced Mathematics

Decimals (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, represent, and identify decimals expressed through thousandths.
  • Round decimals to the nearest whole number.
  • Compare and order decimals.
  • Given a model, write the decimal and fraction equivalents.
  • Add and subtract with decimals.
  • Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with decimals.
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Multiplication and Division Part 2 (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12 x 12, and the corresponding division facts.
  • Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (1 digit × 1 digit and 1 digit × 2 digits).
  • Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 2-digit dividend).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Science

Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • That natural events and humans influence ecosystems
    • Soil is a natural resource and should be conserved
    • That soil is important in ecosystems
    • Soil, with its different components, is important to organisms
    • Soil provides support and nutrients necessary for plant growth
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
    • Understand the benefits and drawbacks of each soil type.
    • Analyze how soil is created.
    • Make predictions, observations, and inferences and draw conclusions.
    • Understand how natural resources change over time.
    • Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
    • Analyze experimental data as appropriate.

Social Studies

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient China.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient China adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient China (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Understand how our world changes over time.
    • Understand and analyze cyclical patterns of change.
    • Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient China.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Greece.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Greece adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient Greece (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
    • Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
    • Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Greece.
  • AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
    • Describe how producers have used natural, human, and capital resources in the past and present.
    • Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (10 weeks)

  • Develop analytical and interpretative skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction text.
  • Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
  • Conducts authentic research by applying skills of questioning, information gathering, data analysis, and synthesis.
  • Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, relationships.
  • Use a variety of strategies, to include: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
  • Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
  • Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
  • Evaluate the choices the author makes to construct power, position, and perspective.
  • Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
  • Use the elements of reasoning to develop strong, convincing arguments in persuasive writing.
  • Focus, organize, and elaborate to create an effective message.
  • Understand the necessity for multiple and varied resources in research.
  • Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
  • Use technology, including the internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
  • Develop linguistic competency.
  • Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

Advanced Mathematics

Fractions Part 2 (4 weeks)

  • Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers having like and unlike denominators.
  • Solve single-step practical problems involving addition and subtraction with fractions and mixed numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Data, Stats, and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Multiplication and Division Part 3 (4 weeks)

  • Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (2 digits × 2 digits).
  • Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 3-digit dividend).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Time during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Science

Interdisciplinary Unit  (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Purpose and function of simple machines
    • Types of simple machines
    • Compound machines
    • Examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environments

AAP Level IV Extended Standards

  • Investigate and describe kinetic and potential energy, and the proportionality of force as motion is communicated by mechanically means.
  • Describe and understand the implications for action based on the available data.
  • Draw the appropriate conclusions after conducting investigations.
  • Make predictions, observations, and inferences and draw conclusions.
  • Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.

Social Studies

Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Rome.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Rome adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient Rome (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Rome..
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Rome.
  • Describe oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade) of the early West African Empire of Mali.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in the West African Empire of Mali adapted to their environment.

Interdisciplinary Unit  (4 weeks)

  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to the West African Empire of Mali.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

AAP Level IV Extended Standards:

  • Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
  • Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
  • Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.
  • Analyze how human civilizations develop and sustain themselves as a collection of interdependent systems.
  • Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.
  • Describe how producers have used natural, human, and capital resources in the past and present.