# Grade 3 AAP Level IV Essential Standards

## School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

## Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (8 weeks)

• Use different strategies such as determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple points of view.
• Pose and respond to open ended questions and clarify and challenge ideas.
• Ask clarifying questions and take notes when listening to a speaker.
• Understand cause and effect and its relationship to consequences.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction texts.
• Think about literature through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.
• Lead and contribute in group discussions and other points of view.
• Identify a concept or "Big Idea" that connects to interdisciplinary concepts like change, systems, or relationships.
• Use technology, including the Internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Group ideas related to the topic.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.
• Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.

#### Addition and Subtraction (4 weeks)

• Read, write, and identify the place value of each digit in a six-digit whole number, with and without models.
• Round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand.
• Compare and order whole numbers each 9,999 or less.
• Estimate and determine the sum or difference of two whole numbers.
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving sums or differences of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
• Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

#### Multiplication and Division  (4 weeks)

• Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
• Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers and tables.
• Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

### Science

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Developing and using models
• Investigate and understand that:
• Adaptations allow organisms to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment
• Adaptations may be behavioral or physical
• Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems support a diversity of organisms
• Relationships exist among organisms in an ecosystem
##### AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Understand the interdependency of producer, consumer, and decomposer in an ecosystem.
• Analyze the relationships between and among systems.
• Analyze the interactions of various system components with one another and the input into the system.

### Social Studies

#### Civics and Citizenship (2 weeks)

Apply the traits of a good citizen, on and offline, and an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities by:

• Respecting the rights and property of others
• Describing actions that can improve school and community
• Demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance
• Practicing honesty and trustworthiness
• Explaining the purpose of rules
##### AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Develop responsibility for creating community.
• Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.
• Understand that change in our actions can have positive and/or negative effects to our community and government.

#### Civics and Government (3 weeks)

• Evaluate the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States.
• Explain the purpose of laws.
• Explain the purpose of government: make laws, carry out laws, decide if laws have been broken.
##### AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Create generalizations about the principles of government.
• Analyze how human civilizations develop and help themselves as a part of interdependent systems.
• Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.

#### World Geography (3 weeks)

• Use globes and maps to locate, describe, and compare major rivers, mountain ranges, and geographic features of Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, and South America.
##### AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Utilize maps, globes, and other geographic tools (e.g. internet/GPS/etc.) to locate, describe, and compare various sites, places, and geographic features.

## Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

• Use a variety of strategies, including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Create generalizations about the story/‌text based on categories and concepts.
• Develop reasoning skills in the language arts.
• Analyze literature through the lens of a concept Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Make new connections considering the evidence and reasoning presented.
• Compare and contrast internal and external influences on settings, characters, and events over time.
• Synthesize author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Focus, organize, and elaborate to create an effective message.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Use descriptive details and examples.
• Reflect individuality through word choice and style.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Group ideas related to the topic.
• Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.

#### Fractions Part 1 (4 weeks)

• Name and write fractions and mixed numbers represented by a model.
• Represent fractions and mixed numbers with models and symbols.
• Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.
• Represent equivalent fractions.

#### Addition and Subtraction Part 2 (6 weeks)

• Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a nine-digit whole number.
• Estimate and determine sums and differences of whole numbers (numbers each 999,999 or less).
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with whole numbers.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
• Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

### Science

Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand:
• Patterns of natural events such as day and night, seasonal changes, simple phases of the moon
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Understand how our world changes over time.
• Understand and analyze cyclical patterns of change.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.

Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand:
• There are many sources of water on Earth
• The energy from the sun drives the water cycle, which has many processes
• Water is essential for living things
• Water on Earth is limited and needs to be conserved
• Sources of renewable and nonrenewable energy
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Determine human dependency on several major sources of energy found on Earth
• Investigate the effects of humans on the environment, the importance of Earth’s natural resources, and sound conservation practices
• Design, perform, and report on the results of experiments related to a given problem

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Investigate and understand:
• Energy is from the sun
• Conservation and resource renewal
• Sources of renewable and nonrenewable energy
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Determine human dependency on several major sources of energy found on Earth.
• Sequence natural events chronologically.
• Understand how natural resources change over time.
• Understand that systems are interdependent of each other.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Egypt.
• Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Egypt adapted to their environment.
• Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
• Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Egypt.
• Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
• Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.
• Analyze how human civilizations develop and sustain themselves as a collection of interdependent systems.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.

## Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (9 weeks)

• Develop analytical and interpretative skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction text.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Conducts authentic research by applying skills of questioning, information gathering, data analysis, and synthesis.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, relationships.
• Use a variety of strategies, to include: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Use descriptive details and examples.
• Reflect individuality through word choice and style.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Group ideas related to the topic.
• Use description, details, and examples that support the main idea.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

#### Decimals (6 weeks)

• Read, write, represent, and identify decimals expressed through thousandths.
• Round decimals to the nearest whole number.
• Compare and order decimals.
• Given a model, write the decimal and fraction equivalents.
• Add and subtract with decimals.
• Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with decimals.
• Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

#### Multiplication and Division Part 2 (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12 x 12, and the corresponding division facts.
• Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (1 digit × 1 digit and 1 digit × 2 digits).
• Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 2-digit dividend).
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
• Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand:
• That natural events and humans influence ecosystems
• Soil is a natural resource and should be conserved
• That soil is important in ecosystems
• Soil, with its different components, is important to organisms
• Soil provides support and nutrients necessary for plant growth
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
• Understand the benefits and drawbacks of each soil type.
• Analyze how soil is created.
• Make predictions, observations, and inferences and draw conclusions.
• Understand how natural resources change over time.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Analyze experimental data as appropriate.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient China.
• Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient China adapted to their environment.
• Explain how the contributions of Ancient China (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Understand how our world changes over time.
• Understand and analyze cyclical patterns of change.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient China.
• Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
• Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
• Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Greece.
• Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Greece adapted to their environment.
• Explain how the contributions of Ancient Greece (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
• Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
• Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
• Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Greece.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Describe how producers have used natural, human, and capital resources in the past and present.
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.

## Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (10 weeks)

• Develop analytical and interpretative skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction text.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Conducts authentic research by applying skills of questioning, information gathering, data analysis, and synthesis.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, relationships.
• Use a variety of strategies, to include: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Evaluate the choices the author makes to construct power, position, and perspective.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Use the elements of reasoning to develop strong, convincing arguments in persuasive writing.
• Focus, organize, and elaborate to create an effective message.
• Understand the necessity for multiple and varied resources in research.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Use technology, including the internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

#### Fractions Part 2 (4 weeks)

• Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers having like and unlike denominators.
• Solve single-step practical problems involving addition and subtraction with fractions and mixed numbers.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
• Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Data, Stats, and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

#### Multiplication and Division Part 3 (4 weeks)

• Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (2 digits × 2 digits).
• Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 3-digit dividend).
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
• Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
• Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Time during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

#### Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit  (9 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand:
• Purpose and function of simple machines
• Types of simple machines
• Compound machines
• Examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environments

#### AAP Level IV Extended Standards

• Investigate and describe kinetic and potential energy, and the proportionality of force as motion is communicated by mechanically means.
• Describe and understand the implications for action based on the available data.
• Draw the appropriate conclusions after conducting investigations.
• Make predictions, observations, and inferences and draw conclusions.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

• Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Rome.
• Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Rome adapted to their environment.
• Explain how the contributions of Ancient Rome (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.
• Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Rome..
• Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
• Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit  (3 weeks)

• Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Rome.
• Describe oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade) of the early West African Empire of Mali.
• Describe and evaluate how people in the West African Empire of Mali adapted to their environment.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit  (4 weeks)

• Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to the West African Empire of Mali.
• Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
• Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

#### AAP Level IV Extended Standards:

• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
• Apply skills of historical analysis and historical interpretation to primary and secondary sources of information.
• Develop an understanding of ancient civilizations with attention to defining features of geography, history, and culture.
• Analyze how human civilizations develop and sustain themselves as a collection of interdependent systems.
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.
• Describe how producers have used natural, human, and capital resources in the past and present.