Grade 2 Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts (Reading and Writing)

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers (5 weeks )

  • Learn to independently follow the predictable structures and routines of reading and writing workshop.
  • Explore a variety of genres and forms to determine the types of books they love to read and to support the purpose of what they want to write.
  • Explain their ideas with support and work to understand another’s idea about the text.
  • Talk with others throughout the  writing process in order to develop ideas (e.g. rehearse, clarify, share).
  • Notice when errors are made in reading and self-corrects.
  • Take words apart efficiently and flexibly to support reading and spelling.
  • Begin to integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, pausing, and stress when reading orally.

Learning About Print within Fiction (7 weeks)

  • Follow characters, developing ideas about how and why characters grow and change throughout a book.
  • Interpret messages or lessons that authors convey and discuss what students think about those messages.
  • Explore perspectives that are included and those that are absent in texts.
  • Use elaboration techniques to develop important parts of writing.
  • Use what they know about narrative writing to stretch out the problem in the story to build tension.
  • Develop characters in writing who change as a result of the situation.
  • Notice when errors are made in reading and self-corrects.
  • Take words apart efficiently and flexibly to support reading and spelling.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, pausing, and stress when reading orally.

Mathematics

Counting and Fluency (6 weeks)

  • Count forward by twos, fives, and tens to 120, starting at various multiples of 2, 5, or 10.
  • Count backward by tens from 120.
  • Recognize and use the relationships between addition and subtraction to solve single-step practical problems, with whole numbers to 20.
  • Demonstrate fluency with addition and subtraction within 20.
  • Identify, describe, create, extend and transfer patterns found in objects, pictures, and numbers.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of equality through the use of the equal symbol and the use of the not equal symbol.

Building Base 10 Concepts (5 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a three-digit numeral.
  • Identify the number that is 10 more, 10 less, 100 more, and 100 less than a given number up to 999.
  • Compare and order whole numbers between 0 and 999.
  • Round two-digit numbers to the nearest ten.
  • Identify, describe, create, extend, and transfer patterns found in objects, pictures, and numbers. 

Science

Monarchs, Milkweed, & Mexico: Fall (8 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Animals have life cycles
    • An animal’s habitat provides all of its basic needs
    • Habitats change over time due to many influences

Social Studies

Civics and Citizenship (2 weeks )

Apply the traits of a good citizen, on and offline, by:

  • Respecting the rights and property of others
  • Describing actions that can improve school and community
  • Demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance
  • Practicing honesty and trustworthiness
  • Describing the purpose of rules and laws

Civics and Holidays (3 weeks)

  • Understand symbols (American Flag, bald eagle, Washington Monument, Statue of Liberty) and traditional practices (Pledge of Allegiance) of the United States to learn about patriotism.
  • Explain why people honor and celebrate major holidays including Labor Day and Columbus Day or Indigenous Peoples Day.

United States Geography (3 weeks)

Use maps and globes of the world and the United States to locate:

  • the seven continents,
  • five oceans,
  • equator,
  • Prime Meridian,
  • four hemispheres,
  • major rivers,
  • mountain ranges,
  • lakes,
  • other physical features in the United States.

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Learning About Print within Fiction (7 weeks)

  • Follow characters, developing ideas about how and why characters grow and change throughout a book.
  • Interpret messages or lessons that authors convey and discuss what students think about those messages.
  • Explore perspectives that are included and those that are absent in texts.
  • Use elaboration techniques to develop important parts of writing.
  • Use what they know about narrative writing to stretch out the problem in the story to build tension.
  • Develop characters in writing who change as a result of the situation.
  • Notice when errors are made in reading and self-corrects. 
  • Take words apart efficiently and flexibly to support reading and spelling. 
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, pausing, and stress when reading orally. 

Learning About Print within Nonfiction (7 weeks)

  • Use all parts of the text when understanding or communicating information.
  • Use multiple texts to develop and justify their ideas about a topic.
  • Determine whether they agree with the ideas in the text.
  • Plan the organization of their piece, revising that plan as they discover the focus.
  • Use all parts of the text when understanding or communicating information.
  • Notice when errors are made in reading and self-correct. 
  • Take words apart efficiently and flexibly.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, and pausing when reading orally.
  • Keep track of their reading habits and set goals in order to continually improve their reading.

Mathematics

Building Base 10 Concepts (5 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a three-digit numeral.
  • Identify the number that is 10 more, 10 less, 100 more, and 100 less than a given number up to 999.
  • Compare and order whole numbers between 0 and 999.
  • Round two-digit numbers to the nearest ten.
  • Identify, describe, create, extend, and transfer patterns found in objects, pictures, and numbers.

Conceptual Development of Addition and Subtraction (7 weeks)

  • Estimate sums and differences.
  • Determine sums and differences, using various methods.
  • Create and solve single-step and two-step practical problems involving addition and subtraction.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of equality through the use of the equal symbol and the use of the not equal symbol.

**Students will learn about Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

Wondering About Weather (10 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Different types of weather have specific characteristics
    • Measuring, recording, and interpreting weather data allows for identification of weather patterns
    • Tracking weather allows us to prepare for the weather and storms

Social Studies

Powhatan of the Eastern Woodland: (4 weeks)

  • Describe the relationship between the geography, climate, environment, and culture of the Powhatan of the Eastern Woodlands.
  • Describe and evaluate the natural, human, and capital resources of the Powhatan of the Eastern Woodlands.
  • Explain why people honor and celebrate major holidays including Veteran’s Day and Thanksgiving.

Lakota of the Plains: (3 weeks)

  • Describe the relationship between the geography, climate, environment, and culture of the Lakota of the Plains.
  • Describe and evaluate the natural, human, and capital resources of the Lakota of the Plains.

Pueblo of the Southwest: (3 weeks)

  • Describe the relationship between the geography, climate, environment, and culture of the Pueblo of the Southwest.
  • Describe and evaluate the natural, human, and capital resources of the Pueblo of the Southwest.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Learning About Print within Poetry (7 weeks)

  • Through multiple readings, readers explain their personal interpretation while considering other interpretations of the same poem.
  • Explore the point of view of the poem and discuss if there are other possible points of view.
  • Recognize the tools of poetry (to express feelings, images, experiences) to affect the meaning of a poem.
  • Take words apart on the run.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, pausing, and stress when reading orally.
  • Independently monitor for meaning.
  • Develop independent reading habits by increasing the volume of text read and exploring genres.

Learning About Print through Research and Writing (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to questions.
  • Use close observation to learn new information or develop an idea.
  • Collaborate and discuss to clarify thinking.
  • Decide what message to send.
  • Flexibly and efficiently take words apart.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, and pausing when reading orally.
  • Independently monitor for meaning.
  • Develop independent reading habits by increasing the volume of text read and exploring genre.

Mathematics

Building Base 10 Concepts Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place value of each digit in a three-digit numeral, with and without models.
  • Identify the number that is 10 more, 10 less, 100 more, and 100 less than a given number up to 999.
  • Compare and order whole numbers between 0 and 999.
  • Use objects to determine whether a number is even or odd.
  • Identify, describe, create, extend and transfer patterns found in objects, pictures and numbers.

**Students will learn about Time & Money during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Fractions (3 weeks)

  • Name and write fractions represented by a set, region, or length model for halves, fourths, eighths, thirds, and sixths.
  • Represent fractional parts with models and with symbols.
  • Compare the unit fractions for halves, fourths, eighths, thirds, and sixths, with models.

**Students will learn about Geometry during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

Matter & Forces (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Some forces, including gravity and magnetism, can cause objects to move from a distance
    • Forces have applications in our lives
    • Matter has mass and takes up space
    • Solids, liquids, and gases have different characteristics
    • Heating and cooling can change the phases of matter
    • Heating and cooling can change the phases of matter

Social Studies

American Leaders (3 weeks)

  • Explain why people honor and celebrate major holidays including Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, George Washington Day (Presidents' Day).
  • Recognize the ideas and innovations of American leaders (Washington, Jefferson, Franklin, Lincoln) and how they continue to impact us today.

European Exploration (3 weeks)

  • Compare the ideas and contributions of explorers (Christopher Columbus and Christopher Newport) and the impact on our world today.

Economics (3 weeks)

  • Describe natural resources, human resources, and capital resources.
  • Evaluate the use of barter and the use of money in the exchange for goods and services.
  • Use a decision-making model to make informed economic decisions.

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Learning About Print through Research and Writing (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to questions.
  • Use close observation to learn new information or develop an idea.
  • Collaborate and discuss to clarify thinking and decide what message they want to send.
  • Flexibly and efficiently take words apart while reading.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, and pausing when reading orally.
  • Independently monitor for meaning.
  • Develop independent reading habits by increasing the volume of text and exploring genres.

Independent Reading/Writing Project/Choice Unit (6 weeks)

  • Reading goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*
  • Writing goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*
  • Take words apart while reading.
  • Integrate appropriate rate, phrasing, intonation, and pausing when reading orally.
  • Independently monitor for meaning.
  • Develop independent reading habits by increasing the volume of text read and exploring genres.

*Please contact your student’s teacher to know which unit is being taught.

Mathematics

Two-Digit Addition & Subtraction (8 weeks)

  • Estimate sums and differences.
  • Determine sums and differences, using various methods.
  • Create and solve single-step and two-step practical problems involving addition and subtraction.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of equality through the use of the equal symbol and the use of the not equal symbol.

**Students will learn about Data, Graphing, and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Science

Monarchs, Milkweed, & Mexico: Spring (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Habitats change over time due to many influences
    • Plants and animals have life cycles
    • Plants provide oxygen, homes, and food for many animals
    • Plants can help reduce the impact of wind and water

Social Studies

Influential Americans (3 weeks)

  • Describe and evaluate how the contributions of selected individuals changed the lives of Americans, with an emphasis on:
    • George Washington Carver
    • Helen Keller
    • Thurgood Marshall
    • Rosa Parks
    • Jackie Robinson
    • Cesar Chavez
    • Martin Luther King, Jr

Developments and Innovations (3 weeks)

  • Describe important developments and innovations in the United States related to communication and transportation.

History and Holidays (4 weeks)

  • Describe why United States citizens celebrate major holidays including:
    • Memorial Day
    • Independence Day