PreK Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts

Unit 1: Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (8 weeks)

  • Follow the predictable routines and understand that choosing books to read is part of that routine.
  • Notice how books work.
  • Listen to and share ideas about books with others.
  • Share their ideas about books with others.
  • Explore a variety of books to determine the types of books they love.
  • Independently use the materials needed to write.
  • Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Develop active and attentive listening skills.
  • Begin to notice and name uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Listen for and name beginning sounds in words.
  • Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.

Mathematics

Unit 1: Attributes (2 weeks)

  • Match and sort objects according to one attribute such as color or shape.

Unit 2: Counting and Numbers Part 1 (6 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
  • Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.
  • Given two sets, each containing five or less concrete objects, will compare groups by matching objects and describe the groups using the terms more, fewer, same.
  • Count forward orally by ones to 20.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.

Science

Unit 1: Patterns and Change (2 weeks)

  • Observe daily weather and routines.
  • Investigate that natural and human-made things may change over time.

Unit 2: Inquiry Based Observations Part 1 (3 weeks)

  • Investigate basic characteristics of objects by direct observation.
  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size.
  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic.
  • Investigate the five senses and their corresponding sensing organ.
  • Begin to use the senses to gather information.
  • Investigate the color, shape, form, texture, feel, size and weight of objects.

Unit 3: Inquiry Based Observations Part 2 (3 weeks)

  • Investigate basic characteristics of objects by direct observation.
  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size.
  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic.
  • Investigate the color, shape, form, texture, feel, size and weight of objects.
  • Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations.
  • Investigate the shapes and forms of many common natural objects including seeds, cones, and leaves.

Social Studies

Unit 1: Good Citizenship Part 1 (2 weeks)

  • Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen.
  • Begin to participate in classroom duties.
  • Take care of some personal belongings (e.g., backpack and jacket).
  • Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.
  • Begin to demonstrate that being a good citizen involves practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others.
  • Practice good citizenship by participating in activities and following classroom rules and routines.

Unit 2: Good Citizenship Part 2 (3 weeks)

  • Begin to recognize that people make choices because they cannot have everything they want.
  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
  • Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.
  • Begin to participate in making classroom decisions.
  • Begin to work well with classmates in groups.
  • Begin to offer a solution to a problem.

Unit 3:Change Over Time (3 weeks)

  • Observe physical surroundings.
  • Show an awareness that things change over time.

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (10 weeks)

  • Notice how books work and how books have patterns.
  • Listen to others and share ideas about books.
  • Use patterns in books to help them make predictions.
  • Use pictures and illustrations to help them learn about a topic.
  • Ask questions and talk about books they listen to or read.
  • Independently use the materials needed to write.
  • Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Share about topics they know about by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Develop active and attentive listening skills.
  • Notice and name uppercase and lowercase letters.
  • Listen for and name beginning sounds in words.
  • Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.

Mathematics

Geometry (3 weeks)

  • Recognize and describe plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
  • Compare the size (smaller, larger) and shape of two plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
  • Describe the location of one object relative to another (next to, beside, above, below, under, over).

Sorting and Patterns (6 weeks)

  • Match and sort objects according to one attribute such as color or shape.
  • Identify, copy, and begin to extend simple patterns using a variety of materials

Counting and Number Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Count forward orally by ones to 20.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.
  • Participate in collecting and organizing data.
  • Begin to read and interpret data in object graphs and picture graphs.

**Students will learn about Data Analysis during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

Investigations (4 weeks)

  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is separated into two groups based on a single physical characteristic
  • Participate in investigations in which picture graphs are created.

Investigations (3 weeks)

  • Participate in investigations in which the length and mass of common objects are compared
  • Participate in investigations in which objects are described both pictorially and verbally


Change (3 weeks)

  • Observe daily weather and routines
  • Investigate that natural and human-made things may change over time.
  • Investigate and changes can be observed and measured
  • Understand there are simple repeating patterns in daily life
  • Observe daily weather and routines

Social Studies

Civics: Being a Good Citizen and Understanding Diverse Communities  (4 weeks)

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
  • Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen. 
  • Begin to participate in classroom duties.
  • Understand the reasons for rules in the home and classroom and for laws in the community.

Civics: Being a Good Citizen and Understanding Diverse Communities: (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
  • The student will begin to demonstrate that being a good citizen involves practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others.

Change over Time (3 weeks)

Begin to recognize there are different seasons.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (9 weeks)

  • Use pictures and illustrations to help them learn about a topic.
  • Talk about books they listen to or read.
  • Listen to others and share ideas.
  • Think about how characters feel and express ideas about characters they read about.
  • Talk about characters and use story language to retell what happened.
  • Ask questions and talk about books they listen to or read.
  • Use oral storytelling to share about their life and to think about what they want to draw or write about.
  • Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Develop active and attentive listening skills.
  • Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.
  • Listen for words that begin with the same sound and name words that share the same beginning sound.
  • Match upper- and lower-case letters and match sounds to the appropriate letter.
  • Listen for and produce parts of words in multisyllabic words.

Mathematics

Counting and Number (3 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
  • Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.

Geometry (3 weeks)

  • Begin to recognize and describe plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
  • Compare the size (smaller, larger) and shape of two plane figures (circle, triangle, square, and rectangle).
  • Begin to describe the location of one object relative to another (next to, beside, above, below, under, over).

Counting and Number (6 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
  • Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.    
  • Given two sets, each containing five or less concrete objects, will compare groups by matching objects and describe the groups using the terms more, fewer, same.
  • Investigate and describe part-whole relationships for numbers up to five.

Science

Investigations (3 weeks)

  • Begin to participate in investigations in which observations are made from multiple positions to achieve different perspectives
  • Participate in investigations in which unusual or unexpected results in an activity are recognized

Investigations (3 weeks)

  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
  • Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations

Change (3 weeks)

  • Begin to participate in investigations in which a set of objects is sequenced according to size
  • Begin to participate in simple investigations, begin to ask questions, and begin to make predictions from observations
  • Observe daily weather and routines
  • Investigate the shapes and forms of many common natural objects including seeds, cones, and leaves

Social Studies

Geography (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of different types of work people do.
  • Explore maps to begin to develop an understanding of community.
  • Begin to understand that a community is where people live, work, and play.

Economics (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of self, family, and being members of a diverse community.
  • Begin to understand that a community is where people live, work, and play.
  • Identify wants and needs.


Change (3 weeks)

Begin to recognize there are different seasons.

 

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers and Learning about Print (9 weeks)

  • Listen to a variety of poems and nursery rhymes and share ideas about which ones they love.
  • Listen to poems and songs and cite and sing them over and over and share ideas about what they mean.
  • Ask questions about topic that interest them.
  • Look for books and information that will help them learn about topics that interest them.
  • Share about things they know about by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Share ideas by talking, drawing and writing.
  • Develop active and attentive listening skills.
  • Listen for words that rhyme and name simple rhymes.
  • Listen for words that begin with the same sound and name words that share the same beginning sound.
  • Listen for and produce parts of words in multisyllabic words.

Mathematics

Counting and Numbers (3 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
  • Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10

Composing and Decomposing Numbers (6 weeks)

  • Model and solve story problems with sums to 5 and differences within 5, using concrete objects.

Data Analysis (3 weeks)

  • Participate in collecting and organizing data.
  • Begin to read and interpret data in object graphs and picture graphs.

Science

Life Cycles (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

  • Basic needs and life processes of plants and animals
  • Plants need nutrients, water, air, light, and a place to grow to survive
  • Plants and animals change as they grow, and have varied life cycles
  • Offspring of plants and animals are similar but not identical to their parents or to one another
  • Changes can be observed and measured

Natural Resources (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

  • Plants and animals change as they grow, and have varied life cycles
  • Offspring of plants and animals are similar but not identical to their parents or to one another
  • Materials and everyday objects can be reused, recycled, and conserved
  • Conserving water and energy at home and in school helps take care of our resources (e.g., turning off the water after washing hands)

Change (3 weeks)

Investigate and understand that:

  • Natural and human-made things may change over time
  • Changes can be observed and measured

Social Studies

History (3 weeks)

  • Begin to describe everyday life in the present and in the past and show an awareness that things change over time.

Civics (3 weeks)

  • Begin to demonstrate the characteristics of a good citizen.

Change (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate skills for historical thinking by listening to stories and exploring artifacts to begin to develop an understanding of events that occurred in the past.
  • Begin to recognize there are different seasons.