Kindergarten Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers (5 weeks)

  • Follow the predictable structures and routines of reading and writing workshop.
  • Explore a variety of genres and forms to determine the types of books they love to read and to support the purpose of what they want to write.
  • Share their ideas about text with others.
  • Communicate ideas by talking, drawing pictures, and writing.
  • Think about what is happening in the story to read it fluently.

Learning About Print within Stories (7 weeks)

  • Use patterns in text to predict.
  • Interact with texts, empathizing with the characters and their struggles.
  • Listen to others and share ideas about books read and written.
  • Understand that stories are about one time or one idea.
  • Understand how to communicate meaning through drawings and words.
  • Hear and record initial sounds to write words.
  • Think about what is happening in the story to read it fluently.

Mathematics

Attributes (4 weeks)

  • Sort and classify objects according to one attribute.

**Students will learn about Geometry during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources*

Counting and Number (4 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 10 or fewer objects using one to one correspondence.
  • Recognize and select numerals to represent numbers from 1-10.
  • Given two sets, each containing five or less concrete objects, will compare groups by matching objects and describe the groups using the terms more, fewer, same.
  • Count forward orally by ones to 20.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.

Science

Sprouting Small Scientists (6 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
    • Asking questions and defining problem
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Colors of objects
    • Shapes, forms, textures, and feel of objects
    • Relative sizes and weights of objects
    • Sensory descriptors used to describe common objects and phenomena
    • That animals need adequate food, water, shelter, air, and space to survive

Social Studies

Being a Good Citizen (2 weeks)

  • Demonstrate good citizenship within their community on and offline by -
    • taking turns and sharing
    • taking care of personal belongings and respecting what belongs to others
    • following rules and understanding consequences
    • practicing honesty, self-control, and kindness to others
  • Understand how communities express patriotism through events and symbols including:
    • recognize the American Flag
    • recognize the Pledge of Allegiance
    • know the president is the leader of the United States

Economics: Making Choices/Geography: Map Skills (3 weeks)

  • Recognize that people make choices because they cannot have everything they want.
  • Describe the relative location of people, places, and things using positional words such as near/far, above/below, right/left, behind/in front.

History: Change Over Time (3 weeks)

  • Sequence events in the past and present and recognize that things change over time.

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Learning About Print within Stories (3 weeks)

  • Use patterns in text to predict.
  • Interact with texts, empathizing with the characters and their struggles.
  • Listen to others and share ideas about books read and written.
  • Understand that stories are about one time or one idea.
  • Understand how to communicate meaning through drawings and words.
  • Hear and record initial sounds to write words.
  • Think about what is happening in the story to read it fluently.

Studying Patterns in Books (6 weeks)

  • Notice patterns in text and use them to predict.
  • Notice how authors and illustrators portray how people are different.
  • Communicate across pages in both pictures and words.
  • Begin to monitor themselves as readers.
  • Use the meaning of text to inform how their reading should sound.

Mathematics

Patterns (5 weeks)

Identify, describe, extend, create, and transfer repeating patterns.

**Students will also learn about calendar during this time**

Counting and Number Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 20 or fewer objects by counting orally.
  • Read, write, and represent numbers from 0 through 20.
  • Count forward orally by ones from 0 to 31.
  • Count backward orally by ones when given any number between 1 and 10.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 0 and 30.

**Students will learn about Data Analysis during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

Sprouting Small Scientists: Part I  (12 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data 
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Investigate and understand: 
    • Sensory descriptors used to describe common objects and phenomena
    • Color, shapes, forms, textures, and feel of objects 
    • Relative sizes and weights of objects
    • That animals need adequate food, water, shelter, air, and space to survive
    • All things can be classified as living or nonliving
    • Magnetism and its effects
    • Useful applications of magnetism
    • Changes can be observed and measured

Social Studies

Civics: Being a Good Citizen / Economics: Community Jobs (4 weeks)

Demonstrate good citizenship within their community on and offline by
Understand how various communities might show patriotism through events and symbols.
Compare and contrast simple job descriptions of the work people do to earn money.

Geography: Maps and Globes (3 weeks)

Use simple maps and globes to identify places and objects and understand that maps and globes model different perspectives.

History: Change Over Time (3 weeks)

Sequence events in the past and present and begin to recognize that things change over time.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Learning About Print within Nonfiction (7 weeks)

  • Use pictures, illustrations, and words to learn new information and teach about a topic.
  • React to what they have read.
  • Decide what they think about the messages of the text.
  • Use a structure that allows them to focus on a single topic in pictures and words.
  • Begin to monitor themselves as readers.
  • Use the meaning of text to inform how their reading should sound.
  • Cross-check one source of information with another.

Learning About Print within Fiction (6 weeks)

  • Interact with texts, empathizing with the characters and their struggles.
  • Follow characters, developing ideas about how and why their feelings change.
  • Explore whose perspectives are included and whose perspectives may be missing in text and illustrations.
  • Write a story (single event) across pages in both pictures and words.
  • Use multiple sources of information in order to solve, monitor, self-correct, and confirm.
  • Use known words and word parts to read new words.
  • Notice a range of punctuation and dialogue to reflect meaning through phrasing.

Mathematics

Counting and Number Part 2 (6 weeks)     

  • Tell how many are in a given set of 20 or fewer objects by counting orally.
  • Read, write, and represent numbers from 0 through 20.
  • Count forward orally by ones from 0 to 31.
  • Count backward orally by ones when given any number between 1 and 10.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 0 and 30.

**Students will learn about Data Analysis during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Composing and Decomposing Part 1 (5 weeks)

  • Recognize and describe with fluency part-whole relationships for numbers up to 5.

Counting and Number Part 3 (5 weeks)

  • Count forward orally by ones from 0 to 100.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 0 and 100 and identify the number before, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.
  • Count forward by tens to determine the total number of objects to 100.

**Students will learn about Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Science

Sprouting Small Scientists: (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanation
    • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Shadows occur in nature when sunlight is blocked by an object
    • Shadows can produce by blocking artificial light sources
    • There are simple repeating patterns in his/her daily life including weather observations
    • Natural and human-made things may change over time
    • Changes can be observed and measured
    • Water occurs in different phases
    • Water flows downhill

Social Studies

Civics: Being a Good Citizen / Economics (3 weeks)

Demonstrate good citizenship within their community on and offline by:

  • Understand how various communities express patriotism through events and symbols.
  • Compare and contrast simple job descriptions of the work people do to earn money

Geography (3 weeks)

  • Use simple maps and globes to identify places and objects and understand that maps and globes model different perspectives.
  • Describe how the location, climate, and physical surroundings of a community affect the way people live, including their food, clothing, shelter, transportation, and recreation.

History (3 weeks)

  • Sequence events in the past and present and begin to recognize that things change over time.

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Learning About Print within Fiction (6 weeks)

  • Interact with texts, empathizing with the characters and their struggles.
  • Follow characters, developing ideas about how and why their feelings change.
  • Explore whose perspectives are included and whose perspectives may be missing in text and illustrations.
  • Write a story (single event) across pages in both pictures and words.
  • Use multiple sources of information in order to solve, monitor, self-correct, and confirm.
  • Use known words and word parts to spell and read new words.
  • Notice a range of punctuation and dialogue to reflect meaning through phrasing.

Learning About Print within Poetry (6 weeks)

  • Through multiple readings, explain personal interpretation.
  • Use tools (rhythm, repetition, line-breaks) to express feelings and experiences.
  • Explore the point of view of the poem and discuss if there are other possible points of view.
  • Poets use tools (rhythm, repetition, line-breaks) to express feelings and experiences.
  • Use known words and word parts to spell and read new words.
  • Notice a range of punctuation and dialogue to reflect meaning through phrasing.

Mathematics

Counting and Numbers Part 3 (2 weeks)    

  • Count forward orally by ones from 0 to 100.
  • Identify the number after, without counting, when given any number between 0 and 100 and identify the number before, without counting, when given any number between 1 and 10.
  • Count forward by tens to determine the total number of objects to 100.

Composing and Decomposing Numbers Part 2 (4 weeks)

  • Investigate and describe part-whole relationships for numbers up to 10.
  • Model and solve single-step story and picture problems with sums to 10 and differences within 10, using concrete objects.

**Students will learn about Fractions during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Addition and Subtraction (2 weeks)

  • Model and solve single-step story and picture problems with sums to 10 and differences within 10, using concrete objects.

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

  • For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Science

Sprouting Small Scientists: Part II (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
    • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Water flows and has properties that can be observed and tested
    • Some materials float in water, while others sink
    • Natural and human-made things may change over time
    • Changes can be observed and measuredPlants and animals change, have life cycles, and die
    • Offspring are similar (not identical) to their parents
    • Animals need adequate food, water, shelter, air, and space to survive
    • Plants need nutrients, water, air, light, and a place to grow to survive
    • Some materials float in water, while others sink

Social Studies

Civics/Economics (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate good citizenship within their community on and offline.
  • Understand how various communities express patriotism through events and symbols.
  • Compare and contrast simple job descriptions of the work people do to earn money.

Geography and Map Skills (3 weeks)

  • Use simple maps and globes to identify places and objects and understand that maps and globes model different perspectives.

History (4 weeks)

Sequence events in the past and present and recognize that things change over time.