# Grade 5 AAP Level IV Essential Standards

## School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

## Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (8 weeks)

• Lead and contribute to discussions with others across content areas and in seminars.
• Analyze fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Use a variety of strategies including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
• Analyze literature through the lens of a concept.
• Use technology, including the internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purpose, and audience.

#### Ratios (Fractions, Decimals, and Percents) (6 weeks)

• Represent relationships between quantities using ratios, and use appropriate notations, such as a/b , a to b, and a:b.
• Represent and determine equivalencies among fractions, mixed numbers, decimals, and percents.

#### Fractions and Decimals (7 weeks)

• Multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers.
• Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions and mixed numbers.
• Solve multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals.

### Science

#### Landforms (5 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Investigate and understand:
• The rock cycle and how transformations between rocks occur
• The identification of rock types
• Earth history and fossil evidence
• Weathering, erosion, and deposition
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Explore the interrelated nature of rocks and learn how rocks explain the changes we see on Earth
• Explain how a surface process changes and/or has changed an area of the Earth’s surface.
• Acquire significant content knowledge through the course of solving an interdisciplinary, real-world problem.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems

#### Landforms (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand:
• Changes in Earth's crust due to plate tectonics
• Human impact
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Apply an understanding of Earth’s history to help address environmental concerns
• Assess how systems change over time based on needs, resources, and circumstances

### Social Studies

#### Civics (2 weeks)

• Demonstrate responsible citizenship, both on and offline, and construct an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities (including Digital Citizenship) by showing respect for rules and laws while collaborating, compromising, and participating in classroom activities.
• Understand the significance of Constitution Day and the establishment of a new American nation through the ideas of the United States Constitution.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Apply the concept of systems to social structures and other systems.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and how things change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present
• Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept.
• Develop a sense of responsibility for creating community.

#### Exploring Culture through Global Awareness (6 weeks)

• Construct an understanding of global awareness by identifying and evaluating common attributes all cultures share and how they shape the identity and behavior of a group of people.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Apply the concept of systems to social structures and other systems.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and how things change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present
• Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept.
• Develop a sense of responsibility for creating community.
• Demonstrate how given systems interact with each other.

## Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

• Engage effectively in a range of discussions and note the details that contribute to each perspective.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Analyze the choices the author makes (organization, reasoning, language, format) to construct power, position, and perspective.
• Draw consequences and implications from text for application in the real world.
• Complete various pieces of writing using a three-phrase revision process based on peer review, teacher feedback, and self-evaluation.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Analyze the form and function of words in each context.

#### Fractions and Decimals (7 weeks)

• Multiply and divide fractions and mixed numbers.
• Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of fractions and mixed numbers.
• Solve multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals.

#### Rational Numbers and Exponents (4 weeks)

• Compare and order positive rational numbers.
• Identify and represent integers.
• Compare and order integers.

#### Integer Operations (7 weeks)

• Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers.
• Solve practical problems involving operations with integers.

### Science

#### Oceans (9 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Developing and using models
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Investigate and understand:
• Geological characteristics of the ocean environment
• Distinguishing properties of each phase of matter
• Atoms and elements
• Molecules and compounds
• Mixtures including solutions
• Physical and ecological characteristics of the ocean environment

#### AAP Level IV Extended Standards

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Design, perform, and report on the results of investigations and experiments.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis statement.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data and data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Investigate and understand:
• Recognize the properties of matter and analyze the impact energy has on the phases of matter.
• Research and describe the variation in depths associated with ocean features, including the continental shelf, slope, rise, the abyssal plain, and ocean trenches.
• Analyze how the physical characteristics (depth, salinity, and temperature) of the ocean affect where marine organisms can live.

### Social Studies

#### Ancient World Cultures (9 weeks)

Acquire knowledge and understanding of world history and geography with a focus on early civilizations:

Note: Teachers choose two of the four civilizations (Mesopotamia, China, India, and Mesoamerica) to focus on during quarter 2.

##### Fertile Crescent/Mesopotamia
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in the Fertile Crescent from 3500 BCE – 300 BCE.
• Explain the cultural contributions of Mesopotamia and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
##### Classical China
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in China from 2000 BCE-200 CE.
• Explain the cultural contributions of China and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
##### Classical India
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture in India from 2500 BCE-400 CE.
• Explain the cultural contributions of India and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
##### Mesoamerica
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilizations and cultures in Mesoamerica and South America from 1500 BCE-1532 CE.
• Explain the cultural contributions of Mesoamerican civilizations and evaluate how their contributions have influenced the world today.
##### AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Analyze historical issues using elements of reasoning (purpose, point of view, implications/consequences, evidence/data, inferences, concepts/ides, assumptions).
• Explain how climate, geography, and the location of major physical features impact settlement patterns.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and how things change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
• Analyze historical documents and present findings through oral or written communication.

## Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

### Language Arts

#### Quarter 3 Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (9 weeks total)

• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Identify and analyze poetic devices as appropriate.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Develop reasoning skills in the language arts.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Cite evidence from the text to support how the style and content of a text enhances or detracts from the author’s message.
• Evaluate the choices the author makes to construct power, position, and perspective.
• Use technology, including the Internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Complete various pieces of writing using a three-phrase revision process based on peer review, teacher feedback, and self-evaluation.
• Synthesize author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Analyze the form and function of words in each context.

#### Integer Operations (7 weeks)

• Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integer

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
Planning and carrying out investigations
Developing and using models

Investigate and understand:
Basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves
Transverse waves
Reflection of light from reflective surfaces
Refraction of light through water and prisms

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
Planning and carrying out investigations
Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
Developing and using models
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Investigate and understand:
Basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves
Transverse waves
The visible light spectrum
Opaque, transparent, and translucent

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
Planning and carrying out investigations
Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Investigate and understand:
How sound is created and transmitted, and how it is used
Vibration, compression, wavelength, frequency, and amplitude
The ability to different media (solid, liquids, and gasses) to transmit sound
Uses and applications of sound waves

Science – AAP Level IV Extended Standards:

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices:
Design, perform, and report on the results of investigations and experiments.
Develop and use models or an abstract representation to describe a scientific principle or design solution.
Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data and data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis statement

Investigate and understand:
Explain the historical impact of the discovery of light.
Investigate and describe multiple forms of energy.
Describe how one form of energy may be transformed to another form.

s.
• Solve practical problems involving operations with integers.

#### **Students will learn about Coordinate Plane and Congruence during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources** Expression, Equations, and Inequalities (XX weeks)

• Solve one-step linear equations in one variable, including practical problems that require the solution of a one-step linear equation in one variable.

Students will learn about Circles and Geometric Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:

• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Developing and using models

Investigate and understand:

• Basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves
• Transverse waves
• Reflection of light from reflective surfaces
• Refraction of light through water and prisms

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:

• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Investigate and understand:

• Basic characteristics of visible light and how it behaves
• Transverse waves
• The visible light spectrum
• Opaque, transparent, and translucent

Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks total)

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:

• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

Investigate and understand:

• How sound is created and transmitted, and how it is used
• Vibration, compression, wavelength, frequency, and amplitude
• The ability to different media (solid, liquids, and gasses) to transmit sound
• Uses and applications of sound waves

#### Science – AAP Level IV Extended Standards:

Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices:

• Design, perform, and report on the results of investigations and experiments.
• Develop and use models or an abstract representation to describe a scientific principle or design solution.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data and data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis statement

Investigate and understand:

• Explain the historical impact of the discovery of light.
• Investigate and describe multiple forms of energy.
• Describe how one form of energy may be transformed to another form.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks total)

Note: Choose 2 of the 4 civilizations below to focus on during any of the instructional chunks within Quarter 3 (as time permits).

Acquire knowledge and understanding of world history and geography with a focus on early civilizations:

• Classical Greece :
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Classical Greece from 1400 BCE-350 BCE.
• Explain how myths and religion contributed to the culture of Greece and evaluate how the growth of democracy and their contributions have influenced the world today.
• Ancient Rome:
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Ancient Rome from 500 BCE-350 BCE.
• Explain how the development of Christianity in the Roman Empire, the structure of Rome's government, and their contributions have influenced the world today.
• Africa:
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of eastern and southern Africa from 500 BCE-1500 CE.
• Analyze how trade impacted the Kingdom of Axum and the civilization of Great Zimbabwe and how the exchange of ideas and have influenced the world today.
• Southwest Asia:
• Construct an understanding and analyze how geography shaped the civilization and culture of Southwest Asia from 500 CE-900 CE.
• Describe the origin and spread of Islam and its effect on trade, art, and science in the world today.

Social Studies – AAP Level IV Extended Standards:

• Analyze historical issues using elements of reasoning (purpose, point of view, implications/consequences, evidence/data, inferences, concepts/ides, assumptions).
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and how things change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.

## Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (10 weeks)

• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Evaluate the choices the author makes to construct power, position, and perspective.
• Use a variety of strategies including: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Combine information from a variety of sources.
• Understand the necessity for multiple and varied resources in research.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Use technology, including the internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Analyze the form and function of words in each context.

#### Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities (6 weeks)

• Solve one-step linear equations in one variable, including practical problems that require the solution of a one-step linear equation in one variable.

**Students will learn about Circles and Geometric Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

#### Proportions (5 weeks)

• Represent a proportional relationship between two quantities, including those arising from practical situations.
• Determine the unit rate of a proportional relationship and use it to find a missing value in a ratio table.
• Determine whether a proportional relationship exists between two quantities.

**Students will learn about Data Distributions during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

#### Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (10 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand that:
• Basic cell structures and functions
• Classification of organisms using physical characteristics, body structures, and behavior of the organism
• Traits of organisms that allow them to survive in their environment

#### AAP Level IV Extended Standards (10 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Design, perform, and report on the results of investigations and experiments.
• Develop and use models or an abstract representation to describe a scientific principle or design solution.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data and data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Formulate multiple perspectives about a given issue.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis statement.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Investigate and understand:
• Describe how a cell functions as a system and how its parts function independently and interdependently.
• Understand the function and need for classification systems.
• Describe the function of organisms from each kingdom, describe their distinguishing characteristics, and explain relationships among organisms in different kingdoms.

### Social Studies

#### Global Awareness Technology Project (GATP) 2020-21 (10 weeks)

• Choosing Topics / Evaluating Resources
• Make connections to reflect on aspects of cultures studied and the GATP Essential Questions, understanding how the past has affected our modern world.
• Choose a topic based on interest, aligns with GATP parameters, and engage in a collaborative process to establish working norms with a group.
• Find, evaluate, and select appropriate resources for a research product.
• Research and Collaborate
• Use a research model to gather, use, apply, and evaluate information for their chosen GATP topic.
• Listen, draw conclusions, and share responses in subject-related group learning activities.
• Write for a variety of purposes: to describe, inform, explain, and persuade.
• Creating a Final GATP Product
• Continue to work on the GATP process to create a final product that demonstrates learning around chosen topics.

#### AAP Level IV Extended Standard

• Engage in inquiry-based research focused on a chosen issue aligned to specific aspects of ancient cultures that transfer across all cultures.Through inquiry and research, students will construct an understanding of and evaluate how the contributions of ancient cultures have and continue to impact our world today
• Describe and apply methods used by historians, archeologists, and anthropologists to investigate past cultures.
• Apply abstract concepts such as systems, cause and effect, and how things change over time to understand the impact of the past on the present.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Analyze historical issues using elements of reasoning (purpose, point of view, implications/consequences, evidence/data, inferences, concepts/ides, assumptions).
• Use a research model to gather, use, apply, and evaluate information for their chosen GATP issue.