# Grade 4 AAP Level IV Essential Standards

## School Year 2020-21

For the FCPS Return to School in 2020-21, the standards listed below emphasize the central priorities for learning in each course. These standards are intended to guide instruction and assessment during this extraordinary school year.

## Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

### Language Arts

#### Quarter 1 Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (8 weeks)

• Use a variety of strategies to include: determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions, and considering multiple perspectives.
• Pose and respond to open ended questions, clarifying and challenging ideas.
• Ask clarifying questions and take notes when listening to a speaker.
• Understand cause and effect and its relationship to consequences and implications within a text.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and/or non-fiction texts.
• Think about literature through the lens of a concept such as change or relationships.
• Lead and contribute in group discussions and viewpoints with others across content areas as a listener and a speaker in seminars and academic conversations.
• Identify a concept or "Big Idea" that supports interdisciplinary connections like change, systems, relationships.
• Use technology, including the Internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.

#### Characteristics of Numbers (4 weeks)

• Identify and describe the characteristics of prime and composite numbers.
• Identify and describe the characteristics of even and odd numbers.

#### Fraction and Decimal Number Sense (6 weeks)

• Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.
• Represent equivalent fractions.
• Identify the division statement that represents a fraction, with models and in context.
• Given a decimal through thousandths, round to the nearest whole number, tenth, or hundredth
• Represent and identify equivalencies among fractions and decimals, with and without models
• Compare and order fractions, mixed numbers, and/or decimals, in a given set, from least to greatest and greatest to least

**Students will learn about Geometry during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

### Science

#### Virginia Ecosystems (5 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand that:
• Organisms, including humans, interact with one another and with the nonliving components in the ecosystem
• Interrelationships exist in populations, communities, and ecosystems
• Changes in an organism’s niche and habitat may occur at various stages in its life cycle
• Virginia has important natural resources including watersheds and water
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Communicate enhanced understanding of the scientific area to others.
• Focus on contributions that led to the development of the scientific concept, theory, or law.
• Assess how systems change over time based on needs, resources, and circumstances.

#### Virginia Ecosystems (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Investigate and understand that:
• Organisms, including humans, interact with one another and with the nonliving components in the ecosystem
• Changes in an organism’s niche and habitat may occur at various stages in its life cycle
• Virginia has important natural resources including watersheds and water
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Assess how systems change over time based on needs, resources, and circumstances.
• Demonstrate how given systems interact with one another.
• Acquire significant content knowledge through the course of solving an interdisciplinary, real-world problem.

### Social Studies

#### Civics (2 weeks)

• Demonstrate responsible citizenship, both on and offline, and construct an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities (including Digital Citizenship) by showing respect for rules and laws while collaborating, compromising, and participating in classroom activities.
• Understand the significance of Constitution Day and the establishment of a new American nation through the ideas of George Mason and the Virginia Declaration of Rights.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Examine and analyze citizenship and community through the lens of a concept.
• Develop a sense of responsibility for creating community.
• Understand that change in our actions can have positive and/or negative effects to our community and government.

#### Virginia’s Geography (3 weeks)

• Understand where Virginia, its bordering states, and bodies of water are in the context of our world.
• Locate, describe, and compare Virginia's 5 regions (Coastal Plain, Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, Appalachian Plateau).
• Locate and evaluate Virginia's water features (Atlantic Ocean, Chesapeake Bay, James River, York River, Rappahannock River, Potomac River) to explain their impact on early Virginia and beyond.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Identify and describe how geography influenced the cultures of past and present American Indians in Virginia.

#### Native Peoples of Virginia (October 12 - October 30; 3 weeks total)

• Locate the 3 American Indian language groups (Algonquian, Siouan, Iroquoian) on a map of Virginia.
• Explain and analyze how Virginia's early Native Peoples adapted to the environment and climate to meet their daily needs: food, clothing, and shelter.
• Describe the lives of Native Peoples in Virginia today, making connections between the past and present.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Investigate Native Americans’ interactions with the environment.

## Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

### Language Arts

Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

• Use a variety of strategies, including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Create generalizations about the story/text based on categories and concepts.
• Develop reasoning skills in the language arts.
• Analyze literature through the lens of a concept Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Synthesize author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Use description, details, and examples.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

#### Fraction and Decimal Number Sense (2 weeks)

• Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.
• Represent equivalent fractions.
• Identify the division statement that represents a fraction, with models and in context.
• Given a decimal through thousandths, round to the nearest whole number, tenth, or hundredth.
• Represent and identify equivalencies among fractions and decimals, with and without models.
• Compare and order fractions, mixed numbers, and/or decimals, in a given set, from least to greatest and greatest to least.

#### Whole Number Computation (8 weeks)

• Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12 x 12, and the corresponding division facts.
• Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (1 digit × 1 digit and 1 digit × 2 digits).
• Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 2-digit dividend).
• Determine common multiples and factors, including least common multiple and greatest common factor.
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of whole numbers.
• Simplify whole number numerical expressions, using the order of operations.

**Students will learn about Algebraic Reasoning during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Developing and using models
• Investigate and understand that:
• The survival of plants and animals depends on photosynthesis
• Plants and animals have different structures and processes for obtaining energy and creating offspring
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Analyze the interactions of various system components with one another and the input into the system.
• Categorize examples of systems, explaining their reasoning.
• Analyze related systems.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (6 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Investigate and understand that:
• Weather measurements create a record that can be used to make weather predictions
• Common and extreme weather events affect ecosystems
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Analyze experimental data as appropriate.
• Evaluate the credibility and accuracy of data sources and note any discrepancies among the data.
• Collect and interpret weather data in the community.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Evaluate the reasons for English colonization by exploring the perspectives and experiences of multiple culture groups.
• Evaluate the reasons the Jamestown site was chosen and the challenges and changes that took place to ensure survival as a result.
• Identify the roles of culture and power in the changing relationship between the Powhatan and English settlers.
• Evaluate the importance of the events of 1619: arrival of Africans, arrival of English women (1620), and the first meeting of the General Assembly (analyze the voices that were present and not present in the General Assembly, and examine changes over time to the daily lives of Africans, English, and Native peoples in Jamestown).
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Use primary and secondary sources to compare and contrast historical events.
• Develop an understanding of the concept of systems and of structure, function, and pattern as key system elements.
• Understand and describe contributions to American history by individuals from diverse backgrounds.
• Understand and appreciate the influence of individual experiences, societal values, and traditions on historical perspectives.
• Analyze historical issues using elements of reasoning (purpose, point of view, implications/consequences, evidence/data, inferences, concepts/ideas, assumptions).

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Use a critical lens to understand the role of slavery on the growth of the colonial economy.
• Describe how the daily life and culture of the Native peoples, Europeans, and Africans varied and reflected diversity and resilience.
• Describe how money, barter, and credit were used in colonial Virginia.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Evaluate and discuss issues orally and in writing through seminars and debate.
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Explore the reasons why the colonies went to war with Great Britain and how their path to revolution connects to our modern world.
• Examine the various roles of Revolutionary War leaders, American Indians, enslaved African Americans, whites, and free African Americans using a critical lens to evaluate various perspectives.
• Evaluate the importance of the American victory at Yorktown.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Participate in debates about historical contributions.
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.
• Analyze historical issues using elements of reasoning (purpose, point of view, implications/consequences, evidence/data, inferences, concepts/ideas, assumptions).

## Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (9 weeks)

• Develop analytical and interpretive skills in fiction, poetry, and nonfiction texts.
• Engage in a dialogue about the meaning of a selection.
• Use a variety of strategies, including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis, and synthesis.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Know the type of information found in various reference materials including atlases, dictionaries, and websites.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Use author techniques to improve or create a new piece of writing.
• Use descriptive details and examples.
• Reflect individuality through word choice and style.
• Use the elements of reasoning to develop strong, convincing arguments in persuasive writing.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

#### Decimal Computation (9 weeks)

• Estimate and determine the product and quotient of two numbers involving decimals.
• Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition, subtraction, and multiplication of decimals, and create and solve single-step practical problems involving division of decimals.

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (9 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Developing and using models
• Investigate and understand:
• The characteristics of electricity
• Basic electrical circuits
• Static electricity
• The ability of electrical energy to be transformed into light and motion, and to produce heat
• Simple electromagnets and magnetism
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Collect, record, and report data using appropriate metric measures.
• Define which variables must be held constant in an experiment.
• Investigate the behavior of electrical circuits and the nature of electricity and its generation.
• Acquire significant content knowledge through the course of solving an interdisciplinary, real-world problem.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
• Formulate multiple perspectives about a given issue.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Explore the connections between liberty and slavery in the ideas and lives of George Washington, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and George Mason.
• Explore the influence of geography and technological advances on the migration of Virginians into other states and western territories and how it impacted different cultures.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Identify the implications of the ideas of George Mason and Thomas Jefferson.
• Develop an understanding of how physical and human characteristics define migration for Virginians.
• Describe how survival is influenced by adaptations from the environment.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Use a critical lens to analyze the major events leading to the Civil War and interpret the legacy of it in Virginia today.
• Understand the impact of Virginia's role during the Civil War.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Identify key figures in American history and their influence.
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Evaluate and interpret the roles of American Indians, whites, enslaved Africans, and free Africans prior to and during the Civil War. The student will identify acts of resistance and moral courage that resulted in the emancipation of African Americans.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Recognize and explain that the events of history are not inevitable, but are related to chains of cause and effect relationships.

## Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

### Language Arts

#### Interdisciplinary Level IV Unit (10 weeks)

• Engage in a dialogue about the meaning of a selection.
• Conduct authentic research by applying skills of questions, information gathering, data analysis and synthesis.
• Develop analytical and interpretive skills while applying research skills.
• Know the type of information found in various reference materials including atlases, dictionaries, and websites.
• Assess the strengths and limitations of sources in terms of organization, language, format, purposes, and audience.
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g., change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc.
• Use a variety of strategies, including determining importance, making inferences, drawing conclusions and considering multiple perspectives.
• Lead and contribute in group discussions and viewpoints with others across content areas as a listener and a speaker in seminars and academic conversations.
• Select a topic and develop a plan for writing for a variety of purposes and audiences.
• Use the elements of reasoning to develop strong, convincing arguments in persuasive writing.
• Focus, organize, and elaborate to create an effective message.
• Understand the necessity for multiple and varied resources in research.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim, issue, or thesis sentence.
• Use technology, including the internet, to gather information from authoritative print and digital sources.
• Develop linguistic competency.
• Use text, word, parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to figure out unfamiliar words.

#### Fraction Computation (8 weeks)

• Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with fractions and mixed numbers.
• Solve single-step practical problems involving multiplication of a whole number, limited to 12 or less, and a proper fraction, with models.

**Students will learn about Data and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

#### Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards, with a focus on Multiplication and Division of Decimals.

### Science

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (10 weeks)

• Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
• Developing and using models
• Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
• Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
• Asking questions and defining problems
• Planning and carrying out investigations
• Interpreting, analyzing, and evaluating data
• Investigate and understand that:
• The planets in the solar system
• The order of the planets in the solar system
• The relative sizes of the planets
• The motions of Earth, the moon, and the sun
• The causes for the phases of the moon
• Changes in motion are related to force and mass
• The causes for Earth’s seasons and the phases of the moon
• Motion is described by an object's direction and speed
• Changes in motion are related to force and mass
• Friction is a force that opposes motion

#### Extended Standards

• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
• Transfer knowledge to make predictions about similar problems.
• Understand the dynamic system of earth and space.
• Analyze the interactions of various system components with one another and the input into the system.
• Investigate the interdependent nature of the Earth, Moon, and Sun.
• Analyze experimental data as appropriate.
• Investigate the cyclical nature of seasons.
• Understand the dynamic system of earth and space.
• Provide evidence and data to support a claim issue.
• Investigate the interdependent nature of the Earth, Moon, and Sun
• Identify a concept or “Big Idea” that supports interdisciplinary connections e.g. change, systems, patterns, relationships, etc. to analyze real-world problems.
• Make predictions, observations, and inferences and draw conclusions.
• Make inferences, based on evidence.
• Draw implications for action based on the available data.
• Collect, record, and report data using appropriate metric measures.
• Design, perform, and report on the results of experiments related to a given problem.
• Transfer knowledge to make predictions about similar problems.

### Social Studies

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Explore the impact of Reconstruction on life in Virginia, focusing on the expanded rights of African Americans and the impact on Virginia's government.
• Construct an understanding of the effects of segregation and "Jim Crow" on life in Virginia for American Indians, whites, and African Americans, analyzing the enduring legacy of racial discrimination on life in Virginia today.
• Examine Virginia's economic development and the importance of railroads, new industries, and the growth of cities.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards
• Analyze historical situations for cause and effect relationships.
• Understand the period in history with an emphasis on political, economic and social systems.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (3 weeks)

• Analyze and evaluate how women's suffrage and the Great Depression affected Virginia and its citizens.
• Analyze the social and political events in Virginia linked to Massive Resistance and desegregation.
• Evaluate the political, social, or economic impact made by Maggie L. Walker, Harry F. Byrd, Sr., Oliver W. Hill, Sr., Arthur R. Ashe, Jr., A. Linwood Holton, and L. Douglas Wilder.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Understand the period in history with an emphasis on political, economic and social systems.

#### Interdisciplinary Unit (4 weeks)

• Construct an understanding of the three branches of Virginia government and the function of each.
• Describe the major products and industries important to Virginia's economy.
• AAP Level IV Extended Standards:
• Describe how economic need can lead to advancement in transportation and communication systems.