Grade 3 Essential Standards

School Year 2020-21

The standards listed below represent the most critical content chosen for the Return to School plan for the unique 2020-21 school year. Focusing on these Essential Standards allows teachers to make the most out of the time they have with your child. The standards for the four core content areas and for the extended AAP Level IV standards have been carefully chosen to guide teachers as they plan for instruction and support your child’s learning. Your student’s mastery of these selected standards will be assessed during the 2020-21 school year.

Quarter 1 (September 8 – October 30)

Language Arts (Reading and Writing)

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers (5 weeks)

  • Reflect on habits and needs as a reader and a writer and plan ways to increase productivity and engagement.
  • Explore a variety of genres and forms to determine the types of books they love to read and to support the purpose of what they want to write.
  • Explain ideas with support and work to understand another’s perspective about the text.
  • Engage in conversations and use feedback to reflect upon and improve their work.
  • Break words down into their smallest units of meaning to determine unknown or multi-syllabic words when reading.

Stories: Fiction (7 weeks)

  • Synthesize multiple ideas to develop and revise complex theories about characters.
  • Develop and build on ideas and theories through discussion.
  • Analyze the choices the writer/illustrator makes to construct power, position, and perspectives.
  • Use elaboration techniques to develop significant parts of their piece.
  • Use what they know about narrative writing to stretch out the problem in the story to build tension.
  • Develop characters in writing who change as a result of the situation.
  • Use knowledge of affixes to determine the meaning and spelling of new words.

Mathematics

Addition and Subtraction Part 1 (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a four-digit whole number, with and without models.
  • Round whole numbers, 999 or less, to the nearest ten and hundred.\
  • Compare and order whole numbers, each 999 or less.
  • Estimate and determine the sum or difference of two whole numbers.
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving sums or differences of two whole numbers, each 999 or less.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships

Multiplication and Division Part 1 (5 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

Advanced Mathematics

Addition and Subtraction (4 weeks)
  • Read, write, and identify the place value of each digit in a six-digit whole number, with and without models.
  • Round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand.
  • Compare and order whole numbers each 9,999 or less.
  • Estimate and determine the sum or difference of two whole numbers.
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving sums or differences of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.       
Multiplication and Division ( 4 weeks)
  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

Science

Ladybugs (8 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Developing and using models
    • Investigate and understand that:
    • Adaptations allow organisms to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment
    • Adaptations may be behavioral or physical
  • Investigate and understand that:
    • Aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems support a diversity of organisms
    • Relationships exist among organisms in an ecosystem
    • Adaptations allow organisms to satisfy life needs and respond to the environment
    • Adaptations may be behavioral or physical

Social Studies

Civics and Citizenship (2 weeks)

  • Apply the traits of a good citizen, on and offline, and an understanding of the Student Rights and Responsibilities by -
    • Respecting the rights and property of others
    • Describing actions that can improve school and community
    • Demonstrating self-discipline and self-reliance
    • Practicing honesty and trustworthiness
    • Explaining the purpose of rules

Civics and Government (3 weeks)

  • Evaluate the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States.
  • Explain the purpose of laws.
  • Explain the purpose of government: make laws, carry out laws, decide if laws have been broken.

World Geography (3 weeks)

Use globes and maps to locate, describe, and compare major rivers, mountain ranges, and geographic features of

  • Africa
  • Asia
  • Europe
  • North America
  • South America.

Quarter 2 (November 2 – January 22)

Language Arts

Becoming a Community of Readers and Writers (6 weeks)

  • Synthesize multiple ideas to develop and revise complex theories about characters.
  • Develop and build on ideas and theories through discussion.
  • Analyze the choices the writer/illustrator makes to construct power, position, and perspectives.
  • Use elaboration techniques to develop significant parts of their piece.
  • Use what they know about narrative writing to stretch out the problem in the story to build tension.
  • Develop characters in writing who change as a result of the situation.
  • Use knowledge of affixes to determine the meaning and spelling of new words.

Stories: Fiction (5 weeks)

  • Incorporate all parts of the text to understand the information and messages the author is communicating.
  • Develop theories about a topic and revise those theories as they read, discuss, and learn more.
  • Plan the organization of a writing piece, revising that plan as the focus is discovered.
  • Develop some parts of writing more fully than others in order to communicate the important information. 
  • Use knowledge of roots and affixes to determine the meaning of new words.
  • Use context to clarify the meaning of unfamiliar words.

Mathematics

Multiplication and Division Part 1 (5 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

Fractions Part 1 (5 weeks)

  • Name and write fractions and mixed numbers represented by a model.
  • Represent fractions and mixed numbers with models and symbols.

Multiplication and Division Part 2 (5 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.


Advanced Math

Fractions Part 1 (4 weeks)

  • Name and write fractions and mixed numbers represented by a model.
  • Represent fractions and mixed numbers with models and symbols.
  • Compare and order fractions and mixed numbers, with and without models.
  • Represent equivalent fractions.

Addition and Subtraction Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a nine-digit whole number.
  • Estimate and determine sums and differences of whole numbers (numbers each 999,999 or less).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Science

Earth’s Cycles (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Developing and using models
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Patterns of natural events such as day and night, seasonal changes, simple phases of the moon
    • There are many sources of water on Earth
    • The energy from the sun drives the water cycle, which has many processes
    • Water is essential for living things
    • Energy is from the sun
    • Conservation and resource renewal
    • Sources of renewable and nonrenewable energy

Social Studies

Ancient Egypt (9 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Egypt.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Egypt adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
  • Explain how the contributions of ancient Egypt (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Egypt.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

Quarter 3 (January 25 – March 26)

Language Arts

Functional Texts (2 weeks)

  • Incorporate all parts of functional texts to understand the author’s purpose and to locate and interpret information.
  • Analyze text for implicit biases and become aware of personal biases.
  • Apply conventions (punctuation, sentence structure) as they edit their writing to strengthen the message.

Poetry (6 weeks)

  • Respond to poetry through performance, art, or participation in order to discover personal interests and tastes in poetry.
  • Through multiple readings, uncover the deeper meanings and discuss how the poet chose to reveal them.
  • Explore the point of view of the poem and discuss other possible points of view.
  • Recognize how the tools of poetry (to express feelings, images, experiences) affect the meaning of a poem.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, and homophones to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Research and Writing about Research (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to questions.
  • Use close observation to learn new information or develop an idea.
  • Collaborate and discuss to clarify thinking and decide what message to send.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, and homophones to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Mathematics

Multiplication and Division Part 2 (5 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers and tables.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.

Addition and Subtraction Part 2 (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, and identify the place and value of each digit in a six-digit whole number, with and without models.
  • Round whole numbers, 9,999 or less, to the nearest ten, hundred, and thousand.
  • Compare and order whole numbers, each 9,999 or less.
  • Estimate and determine the sum or difference of two whole numbers.
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving sums or differences of two whole numbers, each 9,999 or less.
  • Create equations to represent equivalent mathematical relationships.
  • Determine the value of a collection of bills and coins whose total value is $5.00 or less.

**Students will learn about Measurement during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Advanced Math

Decimals (6 weeks)

  • Read, write, represent, and identify decimals expressed through thousandths.
  • Round decimals to the nearest whole number.
  • Compare and order decimals.
  • Given a model, write the decimal and fraction equivalents.
  • Add and subtract with decimals.
  • Solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving addition and subtraction with decimals.
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Multiplication and Division Part 2 (3 weeks)

  • Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts through 12 x 12, and the corresponding division facts.
  • Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (1 digit × 1 digit and 1 digit × 2 digits).
  • Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 2-digit dividend).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

Science

Soils (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • That natural events and humans influence ecosystems
    • Soil is a natural resource and should be conserved
    • Sis important in ecosystems
    • Soil, with its different components, is important to organisms
    • Soil provides support and nutrients necessary for plant growth

Social Studies

Ancient China - Geography and Contributions (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient China.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient China adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient China (architecture, inventions, the calendar, and written language) continue to influence our world today.

Ancient China - Economics and Ancient Greece - Geography and Contributions (3 weeks total)

  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient China.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Greece.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Greece adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient Greece (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.

Ancient Greece - Economics (3 weeks total)

  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Greece.

Quarter 4 (April 5 – June 11)

Language Arts

Research and Writing about Research (6 weeks)

  • Engage in a process of inquiry to ask and seek answers to questions.
  • Use close observation to learn new information or develop an idea.
  • Collaborate and discuss to clarify thinking and decide what message they want to send.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, and homophones to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Poetry (6 weeks)

  • Respond to poetry through performance, art, or participation in order to discover personal interests and tastes in poetry.
  • Through multiple readings, uncover the deeper meanings and discuss how the poet chose to reveal them.
  • Explore the point of view of the poem and discuss other possible points of view.
  • Recognize how the tools of poetry (to express feelings, images, experiences) affect the meaning of a poem.
  • Use knowledge of roots, affixes, synonyms, and antonyms, and homophones to determine the spelling and meaning of new words.

Independent Reading/Writing Project/Choice Unit (6 weeks)

  • Reading goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*
  • Writing goals and standards depend on the unit of choice.*
  • Use text, word parts, knowledge of stems and word origins to read and understand unfamiliar words.

*Please contact your student’s teacher to know which unit is being taught.

Mathematics

Fractions Part 2 (3 weeks)

  • The standard in the current unit is not Essential for grade 3. Teachers should devote some synchronous instructional time to it to provide the foundation for future work with fractions:
  • Solve practical problems that involve addition and subtraction with proper fractions having like denominators of 12 or less.

**Students will learn about Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Multiplication and Division Part 3 (5 weeks)

  • Represent multiplication and division through 10 × 10, using a variety of approaches and models.
  • Create and solve single-step practical problems that involve multiplication and division through 10 x 10.
  • Demonstrate fluency with multiplication facts of 0, 1, 2, 5, and 10.

**Students will learn about Time, Temperature, and Data during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Advanced Math

Fractions Part 2 (4 weeks)

  • Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers having like and unlike denominators.
  • Solve single-step practical problems involving addition and subtraction with fractions and mixed numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables.
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Data, Stats, and Probability during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Multiplication and Division Part 3 (4 weeks)

  • Estimate and determine products of whole numbers (2 digits × 2 digits).
  • Estimate and determine quotients of whole numbers, with and without remainders (1-digit divisor and 3-digit dividend).
  • Create and solve single-step and multistep practical problems involving multiplication and single-step practical problems involving division with whole numbers.
  • Identify, describe, create, and extend patterns found in objects, pictures, numbers, and tables (numerical).
  • Recognize and demonstrate the meaning of equality in an equation.

**Students will learn about Time during asynchronous instruction with provided digital resources**

Ensuring Mastery of Essential Standards (2 weeks)

For the final two weeks of school, students will have differentiated opportunities to continue to show mastery of year-long essential standards.

Science

Making Work Easier: (9 weeks)

  • Demonstrate an understanding of scientific and engineering practices by:
    • Asking questions and defining problems
    • Planning and carrying out investigations
    • Constructing and critiquing conclusions and explanations
    • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information
  • Investigate and understand:
    • Purpose and function of simple machines
    • Types of simple machines
    • Compound machines
    • Examples of simple and compound machines found in the school, home, and work environments

Social Studies

Ancient Rome - Geography, Contributions, Economics (3 weeks)

  • Understand how civilizations have geographically changed over time, with a focus on Ancient Rome.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in Ancient Rome adapted to their environment.
  • Explain how the contributions of Ancient Rome (architecture, government, and sports) continue to influence our world today.
  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to Ancient Rome..
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.

Western African Empire of Mali  (3 weeks).

  • Describe oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade) of the early West African Empire of Mali.
  • Describe and evaluate how people in the West African Empire of Mali adapted to their environment.

Western African Empire of Mali - Economics (4 weeks)

  • Understand the use of natural, human, and capital resources in relation to the West African Empire of Mali.
  • Understand the concepts of specialization and trade.
  • Understand the concepts of opportunity cost and economic decision making.