Early Childhood Executive Functions
Self-regulation skills in Early Childhood
High quality early childhood experiences provide opportunities for children to build executive functions and self-regulation skills that support young learners to focus on problem-solving, impulse control, setting goals and working towards them, and getting along with others.
- Self-control (inhibitory control)
- Mental Flexibility (cognitive flexibility)
- Working Memory
Self-regulation skills are taught through promoting a child’s ability to retain information, think in a flexible manner, and exhibit self-control allowing for persistence, initiative, curiosity, cooperation, and attention. Children learn and practice these skills through hands-on activities.
For more information about the research and promotion on self-regulation please visit the Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University or the Mind in The Making Organization website.