Wild Strawberry

Fragaria virginiana

Copyright, Dan Tenaglia, Missouriplants.com

Wild Strawberry is a common creeping plant that grows in forests, fields, lawns, forest edges, roadsides, and streamsides (just about anywhere). It can grow up to six inches tall, and its leaves are split into three leaflets.

Each leaflet is 1 to 1 1/2 inches long and has teeth on its edges. Petioles are hairy.

Creeping plants, like strawberries, have runners. Runners are stems which grow sideways on the surface of the soil. As the runners grow, they send up new strawberry plants.

Appalachian State University

Delaware Wildflowers

Wild Strawberries bloom from April to June. Flowers are 3/4 inch wide, with five white petals. The petals are attached to a cone-shaped part of the flower. This cone starts off yellow, then later becomes larger, thicker, and redder. This is the "strawberry" part of the Wild Strawberry plant, and it contains dry seeds.

Many animals eat strawberry fruits, including Common Crow, Gray Catbird, sparrows, Wild Turkey, Cedar Waxwing, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Blue Jay, Northern Mockingbird,European Starling, American Robin, Northern Cardinal, Virginia Opossum, Striped Skunk, Eastern Chipmunk, Meadow Vole, White-footed Mouse, and Eastern Box Turtle.

Birds and other animals can help Wild Strawberry spread by pooping seeds out in new places.

Wildflowers of Southern California (http://ww1.clunet.edu/wf/)

Animals that eat strawberry leaves include Eastern Cottontail, White-tailed Deer, nematodes, mites, slugs, stinkbugs, spittlebugs, weevils, and other insects . Wild Strawberry flowers provide nectar and pollen for many insect species, including bees, flies, ants, and butterflies. Some common species which use flowers for food include Honey Bee, Golden Northern Bumble Bee, Eastern Tailed Blue, Cabbage White, and Clouded Sulphur.

Strawberry is also excellent cover for small animals throughout the Spring and Summer. Toads, salamanders, centipedes, spiders, and many insects can crawl and hide among the leaves.

Wild Strawberry grows alongside many plants, including violets, Poison Ivy, and most weeds and grasses.

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

American Robin

Black Carpenter Ant

Poison Ivy

Honey Bee Po

Common Crow

American Toad

Bird-foot Violet

Golden Northern Bumble Bee Po

Clouded Sulphur

American Dog Tick

Smooth Crabgrass

Cabbage White Po

Blue Jay

Garden Centipede

Virginia Creeper

Clouded Sulphur Po

Leopard Slug

Isopod

White Cushion Moss

Honey Bee

Leopard Slug

Switchgrass

Green Stinkbug

Least Shrew

Red Clover

Eastern Cottontail

Horned Fungus Beetle

Queen Anne's Lace

Eastern Box Turtle

Eastern Mole

Pokeweed

White-tailed Deer

Eastern Newt

Lamb's Quarters

Cabbage White

Red-backed Salamander

English Plantain

Northern Cardinal

Rabid Wolf Spider

Cinnamon Fern

Wild Turkey

Spring Peeper

Kentucky Bluegrass

Striped Skunk

Snow Flea

Bigtooth Aspen

White-footed Mouse

Wood Frog

Eastern Chipmunk

Green Stinkbug

Virginia Opossum

Harvestman

Northern Mockingbird

Field Cricket

Black Carpenter Ant

Eastern Forest Snail

Relationship to Humans:

Wild Strawberry fruits are considered delicious by many people. They are smaller than store-bought strawberries, which are a hybrid (cross between) of Wild Strawberry and an European species.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Rosales
FAMILY
Rosaceae
GENUS
Fragaria
SPECIES
Fragaria virginiana

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