Trumpet Creeper

Campsis radicans

David G. Smith, Delaware Wildflowers

Trumpet Creeper is a woody vine which grows up to 30 feet tall. The main stem can grow about seven inches wide.

The leaves of Trumpet Creeper have between seven and eleven leaflets. Each leaflet is one to three inches long, dark green, with teeth.

Trumpet Creeper can grow in woods or fields, but is most often seen at forest edges or streambanks.

This vine uses aerial rootlets (tiny roots which grab onto trees, bushes, other vines, fences, or walls) to climb upwards. On its own, without anything to climb, Trumpet Creeper would take the form of a small shrub.

Floridata.com

Alice B. Russell

Trumpet Creeper is best known for its magnificent flowers. These bright red blossoms grow up to three inches long.

This vine blooms from June to September.

The fruits of Trumpet Creeper are long pods, three to six inches long. Each pod is packed with many flat seeds.

These lightweight seeds are designed to travel by wind. In a new location, a seed may grow into a new vine.

Salisbury University Arboretum

Salisbury University Arboretum

Trumpet Creeper grows quickly and can sometimes crowd other plants.

The flowers of this plant are a major food source of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds. They, along with Bumblebees, are one of the few animals which can reach the nectar inside the long flowers.

Trumpet Creeper depends on these animals to pollinate flowers. Each time a hummingbird visits a flower, it gets pollen on its head, which it delivers to the next flower.

Trumpet Creeper is sometimes called "Cow Itch" because contact with leaves can cause a rash in some animals, especially cows.

Wildflowers of Houston

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Great Crested Flycatcher

Sweetgum

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Po

Bumblebee

American Goldfinch

Virginia Pine

Golden Northern Bumble Bee Po

Black and Yellow Argiope

Poison Ivy

Willow Oak H

Eastern Hognose Snake

Virginia Creeper

Dodder Pa

Common Yellowthroat

Sassafras

Green Hawthorn H

Witch Hazel

Sweetgum H

Greenbrier

Wild Grape

Evergreen Blackberry

Highbush Blueberry

Smooth Sumac

Willow Oak

Dodder

Green Hawthorn

Relationship to Humans:

Many people grow Trumpet Creeper in their gardens for its beautiful flowers. Others grow it to attract hummingbirds. Some people consider this plant to be a weed since it grows so quickly and crowds other plants. Trumpet Creeper can cause a rash in some people, similar to Poison Ivy.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Scrophulariales
FAMILY
Bignoniaceae
GENUS
Campsis
SPECIES
Campsis radicans

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