Red Clover

Trifolium pratense

Red Clover is a common plant, considered a weed by many people. It spreads quickly, often crowding out other plants.

Red Clover is easily identified by its three leaftlets. Each leaflet has a pale "V" marked on it. The stems of this plant are stiff and hairy.

Red Clover can grow about 20 inches tall. Flowers are purple or pink. Flower heads are made up of many small flowers. Each flower head is between 1/2 inch and one inch wide.

Red Clover grows in fields, open forest, forest edges, paths, gardens, and lawns.

This plant can be helpful to other plants, as well as a problem, because it can put nitrogen in the soil which other plants can use.

Red Clover was introduced from Europe.

J. Koivisto

Red Clover is a food source for many animals, including: White-tailed Deer, Wild Turkey, Red Fox, Eastern Cottontail, Woodchuck, and earthworms.

The Common Sulphur and Eastern Tailed Blue are two butterflies whose caterpillars eat Red Clover.

Some species of adult butterflies which visit Red Clover flowers include: Monarch, Eastern Black Swallowtail, Pearl Crescent, Spicebush Swallowtail, Cabbage White, Great Spangled Fritillary, Painted Lady, and Red Admiral.

Bees, butterflies, and other insects help pollinate Red Clover.

PLANTS

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

Eastern Cottontail

Earthworm

English Plantain

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Po

Red Fox

Isopod

Smooth Crabgrass

Honey Bee Po

White-tailed Deer

Northern Cardinal

Pokeweed

Eastern Black Swallowtail Po

Wild Turkey

American Dog Tick

Common Milkweed

Clouded Sulphur Po

Earthworm

Common Black Ground Beetle

Smooth Sumac

Eastern Tailed Blue Po

Woodchuck

Chinese Mantid

Common Dandelion

Pearl Crescent Po

Clouded Sulphur

Northern Ringneck Snake

Dodder

Painted Lady Po

Eastern Tailed Blue

Clouded Sulphur

Devil's Beggar-tick

Dodder Pa

Honey Bee

Black and Yellow Argiope

Lamb's Quarters

Hummingbird Moth Po

Monarch

Eastern Bluebird

Common Ragweed

Cabbage White Po

Eastern Black Swallowtail

Green Stinkbug

Jimsonweed

Golden Northern Bumble Bee Po

Green Stinkbug

Eastern Mole

Bird-foot Violet

Green Lacewing Po

Cabbage White

Harvestman

Chicory

Buffalo Treehopper Pa

Painted Lady

Southern Leopard Frog

Bushy Aster

Canada Goose

Eastern Hognose Snake

Kentucky Bluegrass

Hummingbird Moth

Differential Grasshopper

Wild Strawberry

Spicebush Swallowtail

Northern Mockingbird

Muskrat

Ring-legged Earwig

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

Green Lacewing

Green Lacewing

Buffalo Treehopper

Relationship to Humans:

Red Clover can be both a pest and a help to people. As a weed, it can take over a garden or lawn, choking other desirable plants. As a flower, Red Clover is both beautiful and a good attractor of wildlife. It is also often grown as a plant for bees to make honey from. Most honey bought in stores today is "clover honey."

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Fabales
FAMILY
Fabaceae
GENUS
Trifolium
SPECIES
Trifolium pratense

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