Highbush Blueberry

Vaccinium corymbosum

Highbush Blueberry is a shrub with many stems. It grows to 10 feet tall and has clusters of small, bell-shaped, white flowers.

This shrub has simple, green leaves which are one to two inches long. Leaves turn bright red in the fall.

Higbush Blueberry is best known for its fruit, which is eaten by many animals, including humans.

Highbush Blueberry is found on the edges of marshes, lakes, ponds, and streams. It is also seen in open areas of woods. It does not like shade.

The bark of Highbush Blueberry is grayish-brown and shreddy.

Each blue-black berry of this plant contains hundreds of tiny seeds. In order to spread and grow new plants, Highbush Blueberry depends on birds and animals to eat fruit and drop seeds out in new places through their poop.

Highbush Blueberry is one of the most important fruits for wild animals. Some animals that eat Highbush Blueberry fruit include: Eastern Bluebird, Northern Cardinal, Gray Catbird, Wild Turkey, Northern Mockingbird, Brown Thrasher, Mourning Dove, American Robin, Red Fox, Eastern Cottontail, White-footed Mouse, Striped Skunk, and Eastern Chipmunk.

White-tailed Deer and Eastern Cottontails eat the leaves and twigs of this shrub.

To pollinate flowers, Highbush Blueberry depends on bees and other insects.

Other plants that are often found growing with Higbush Blueberry include: oaks, hickories, pines, Yellow Poplar, Red Maple, Cinnamon Fern, and Black Huckleberry.

Betty Wargo, Institute for Systematic Botany ,Department of Biology, University of South Florida

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

Northern Mockingbird

Eastern Gray Squirrel

Black Oak

Blue Jay D

American Robin

Eastern Cottontail

White Oak

Northern Mockingbird D

Hummingbird Moth

Meadow Vole

Red Maple

American Robin D

Northern Cardinal

Least Shrew

Yellow Poplar

Northern Cardinal D

Wild Turkey

Eastern Box Turtle

Mockernut Hickory

Wild Turkey D

Mourning Dove

Chinese Mantid

Eastern White Pine

Mourning Dove D

Green Stinkbug

Brown-headed Cowbird

Virginia Pine

Honey Bee Po

Eastern Bluebird

Mourning Dove

Cinnamon Fern

Eastern Bluebird D

Red Fox

Spring Peeper

Spicebush

Red Fox D

White-tailed Deer

Striped Skunk

Loblolly Pine

Eastern Cottontail D

Eastern Cottontail

Black and Yellow Argiope

Common Dandelion

Striped Skunk D

Striped Skunk

Green Stinkbug

Common Elderberry

Eastern Chipmunk D

Eastern Chipmunk

Northern Water Snake

Tussock Sedge

Common Crow D

White-footed Mouse

Northern Bobwhite

Japanese Honeysuckle

Virginia Opossum D

Great Crested Flycatcher

Eastern Hognose Snake

Climbing Bittersweet

Great Crested Flycatcher D

Honey Bee

Northern Mockingbird

Bigtooth Aspen

Japanese Honeysuckle Pa

Common Crow

White-footed Mouse

Hummingbird Moth Po

Blue Jay

Polyphemus Moth

Golden Northern Bumble Bee Po

Virginia Opossum

Oystershell Scale

Oystershell Scale Pa

Dogwood Borer

Spined Micrathena

Dogwood Borer Pa

Relationship to Humans:

Highbush Blueberry fruits, called "blueberries," are eaten worldwide. Scientists who work with plants have developed different varieties of this bush to grow as crops. Wild blueberries are good to eat too! Highbush Blueberry is also used to landscape yards because of their pretty flowers, and as an attractor of wildlife.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Ericales
FAMILY
Ericaceae
GENUS
Vaccinium
SPECIES
Vaccinium corymbosum

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