Golden Shiner

Notemigonus crysoleucas

The Golden Shiner is a common minnow found in lakes, ponds, marshes, and quiet streams. It can grow up to 12 inches long, but is usually much smaller.

Golden Shiners are silvery fish, with an olive-colored back and yellowish or reddish fins.

Usually, these fish stay close to aquatic plants, but at night they move out into open water.

The Virtual Aquarium, Virginia Tech

Golden Shiners eat tiny zooplankton (microscopic creatures), crustaceans (water fleas and crayfish), insects, small fish, and algae.

This fish is always found in schools. They also spawn (breed) in small groups.

Golden Shiners do not make nests or take care of their eggs. Females lay eggs on top of plants or on top of another fish's nest, such as a Largemouth Bass or Bluegill. The eggs stick to the plants or nest and the adults swim away.

Female Golden Shiners grow larger than males. This fish can live up to eight years.

Predators of Golden Shiners include larger fish, fishing birds, and turtles.

Copyright, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, www.FloridaFisheries.com

Relationships in Nature:

PREY/FOOD
PREDATORS
SHELTER
OTHER

Water Flea

Great Blue Heron

Yellow Pond Lily

Largemouth Bass SP

Amoeba

Belted Kingfisher

Common Cattail

Bluegill SP

Paramecium

Barred Owl

Pickerelweed

Common Carp EC

Crayfish

Largemouth Bass

Common Reed

Northern Hog Sucker FP

Green Algae

Channel Catfish

Common Duckweed

Stagnant Pond Snail

Yellow Perch

Lizard's Tail

Green Darner

Bluegill

Green Algae

Large Diving Beetle

Creek Chub

Long-leaf Pondweed

Asian Tiger Mosquito

Common Snapping Turtle

Hydrilla

Eastern Dobsonfly

Large Diving Beetle

Arrow Arum

Crane Fly

Eastern Painted Turtle

Wild Rice

Tesselated Darter

Northern Water Snake

Creek Chub

Black Crappie

Aquatic Worm

Yellow Bullhead

Yellow Perch

Northern Hog Sucker

Largemouth Bass

Six-spotted Fishing Spider

Channel Catfish

Ring-billed Gull

Spring Peeper

American Eel

Euglena

Double-crested Cormorant

Eastern Mosquitofish

Relationship to Humans:

Golden Shiners are often used by fisherman as bait to catch larger fish. They also help control insect populations, including mosquitoes and other annoying flies.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Animal
PHYLUM
Chordate
CLASS
Bony Fish
ORDER
Cypriniformes
FAMILY
Cyprinidae
GENUS
Notemigonous
SPECIES
Notemigonous crysoleucas

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