Evergreen Blackberry

Rubus laciniatus

Copyright, Markku Savela

The Evergreen Blackberry is one of several species of blackberries that grow in our area. The Evergreen Blackberry is a shrub that grows up to ten feet tall. It has thorny stems.

The leaves of this shrub are palmately compound, which means there are several hand-shaped leaflets (mini-leaves) at the end of each stem. Leaves are dark green, and they are hairy underneath. Each stem has between three and five leaflets. Leaflets have prickly teeth on their edges.

The flowers of Evergreen Blackberry are white or pink, and usually about one inch wide. They bloom from May to July.

Evergreen Blackberry fruits are made up of many small drupelets. Drupelets are green at first. Then they turn red; and when they are ripe, they turn a shiny black color. Many animals eat blackberry fruits.

Oregon Raspberry and Blackberry Commission

Copyright, Markku Savela

Evergreen Blackberries grow in fields, clearings, gardens, forest edges, and waste places. Some of the plants they are often found growing near include: oaks, pines, hickories, Eastern Redcedar, American Beech, Sugar Maple, Sassafras, and Black Willow.

Some of the birds and animals that eat blackberry fruits are: Northern Bobwhite, Wild Turkey, Red-winged Blackbird, Eastern Bluebird, Common Crow, Great Crested Flycatcher, Common Grackle, Blue Jay, Eastern Kingbird, Norhtern Mockingbird, Baltimore Oriole, Eastern Phoebe, Tufted Titmouse, Cedar Waxwing, Gray Catbird, Northern Cardinal, American Robin, Brown Thrasher, Striped Skunk, Virginia Opossum, Red Fox, Raccoon, Eastern Gray Squirrel, Meadow Vole, White-footed Mouse, and Eastern Chipmunk. White-tailed Deer, Eastern Cottontail, and Beaver eat the leaves and stems.

Evergreen Blackberry also provides great cover and protection for birds and small animals. Many plants often grow closely together to form a thicket. Several species of birds nest in blackberries as well.

Birds and other animals that eat the fruits help the Evergreen Blackberries spread and grow new plants. When they eat them, they often poop the seeds out in a new place later on.

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

Northern Mockingbird

Gray Catbird

Eastern White Pine

Northern Mockingbird D

Beaver

American Robin

Black Oak

American Robin D

American Robin

Mourning Dove

Mockernut Hickory

Gray Catbird D

Gray Catbird

Northern Cardinal

American Beech

Eastern Gray Squirrel D

Eastern Cottontail

Fiery Searcher

Sassafras

Northern Cardinal D

White-tailed Deer

Eastern Cottontail

White Oak

Wild Turkey D

Northern Cardinal

Meadow Vole

Loblolly Pine

Northern Bobwhite D

Northern Bobwhite

Least Shrew

Virginia Pine

Raccoon D

Raccoon

Eastern Chipmunk

Eastern Redcedar

Virginia Opossum D

White-footed Mouse

Eastern Garter Snake

Black Willow

Great Crested Flycatcher D

Great Crested Flycatcher

Wood Frog

Sugar Maple

Striped Skunk D

Blue Jay

Common Black Ground Beetle

Poison Ivy

Eastern Bluebird D

Red-winged Blackbird

Rabid Wolf Spider

Trumpet Creeper

Cedar Waxwing D

Striped Skunk

Striped Skunk

Greenbrier

Baltimore Oriole D

Virginia Opossum

Black and Yellow Argiope

Virginia Creeper

Eastern Chipmunk D

Eastern Bluebird

Green Stinkbug

Dodder

Hummingbird Moth Po

Hummingbird Moth

Northern Bobwhite

Japanese Honeysuckle

Dodder Pa

Green Stinkbug

Eastern Hognose Snake

Climbing Bittersweet

Japanese Honeysuckle Pa

Eastern Chipmunk

White-footed Mouse

Bald-faced Hornet

Norway Rat

Relationship to Humans:

Evergreen Blackberry fruits are often collected and eaten by people. They can be eaten raw, preserved, or baked into pastries. These plants are often grown in yards to provide fruits or to attract wildlife. Remember, NEVER eat a wild fruit unless your parent gives you permission. Some wild fruits are poisonous, and sometimes even good fruits have had chemicals sprayed on them.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Rosales
FAMILY
Rosaceae
GENUS
Rubus
SPECIES
Rubus laciniatus

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