English Plantain

Plantago lanceolata

English Plantain is a weedy plant, found in moist meadows, pastures, and roadsides. It also invades lawns.

This plant was introduced from Europe and has spread rapidly.

English Plantain has many long, narrow leaves and multiple flower stalks. The leaves can grow up to 16 inches long. The flower stalks have an ovoid (oval-shaped) flower head with tiny greenish-white flowers. The flower head lengthens as it ages.

English Plantain flowers from May to October. This plant is perennial, meaning it comes back every year.

Copyright, Paul Slichter

English Plantain has become a food plant for many native animal species. Its leaves are a favorite of Eastern Cottontails and Meadow Voles. The seeds are eaten by many songbirds, and many butterflies drink its nectar, including the Buckeye and Painted Lady.

Animals that eat seeds help the plant by pooping them out in new places, so they can grow into new plants. Seeds can also get into an animal's fur as they eat leaves. Insects can help pollinate English Plantain flowers.

Relationships in Nature:

Animals Using as Food Source

Animals Using as Shelter

Associations With Other Plants

OTHER

Eastern Cottontail

American Dog Tick

Smooth Crabgrass

Eastern Chipmunk D

Meadow Vole

Northern Cardinal

Red Clover

Eastern Cottontail D

Buckeye

Common Black Ground Beetle

Common Dandelion

Mourning Dove D

Painted Lady

Painted Lady

Devil's Beggar-tick

Honey Bee

Eastern Bluebird

Lamb's Quarters

Leopard Slug

Green Stinkbug

Common Ragweed

Field Cricket

Eastern Mole

Black-eyed Susan

Eastern Chipmunk

Differential Grasshopper

Bird-foot Violet

Mourning Dove

Northern Mockingbird

Chicory

Green Stinkbug

Ring-legged Earwig

Bushy Aster

Woodchuck

Common Grackle

Kentucky Bluegrass

Differential Grasshopper

Six-spotted Tiger Beetle

Wild Strawberry

White-throated Sparrow

Chigger

Common Mullein

Eastern Worm Snake

Dung Beetle

Relationship to Humans:

English Plantain is considered an annoying weed to most people, because it invades lawns and gardens; however, it is a good attracter of wildlife. It has also been used to make medicines.

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION

KINGDOM
Plant
DIVISION
Magnoliophyta
CLASS
Magnoliopsida
ORDER
Plantaginales
FAMILY
Plantaginaceae
GENUS
Plantago
SPECIES
Plantago lanceolota

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