Social Studies Curriculum
  World History II


This is the second of a two-year, chronologically organized study of world history and geography. In this second year, students examine history and geography from 1500 A.D. (C.E.) to the present. Geographic influences on history will continue to be explored, so that students may learn how history and geography affect each other and therefore gain a more complete understanding of the world around them, including North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Increasing attention will be given to political boundaries that developed with the evolution of nations. Significant attention will be given to the ways in which scientific and technological revolutions created new economic conditions that in turn produced social and political changes. Noteworthy people and events of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries will be emphasized for their strong connections to contemporary issues.

The study of history rests on knowledge of dates, names, places, events, and ideas. Historical understanding, however, requires students to engage in historical thinking, to raise questions, and to marshal evidence in support of their answers. Students engaged in historical thinking draw upon chronological thinking, historical comprehension, historical analysis and interpretation, historical research, and decision making. These skills are developed through the study of significant historical substance from the era or society being studied.

Last Updated: 10/01/12 01:04 PM
Standard 1

Benchmark 1.a
Identify, Analyze, Interpret Primary & Secondary Sources since 1500
Indicator 1.a.1
Identify, analyze, interpret primary & secondary sources since 1500

Benchmark 1.b
Use Maps, Globes, Artifacts, Pictures to Analyze the World since 1500
Indicator 1.b.1
Use maps, globes, artifacts, pictures to analyze the world since 1500

Benchmark 1.c
Identify Geographic Features Affecting World History since 1500 AD
Indicator 1.c.1
Identify geographic features affecting world history since 1500 AD

Benchmark 1.d
Identify and Compare Political Boundaries, 1500 AD to Present
Indicator 1.d.1
Identify and compare political boundaries, 1500 AD to present

Benchmark 1.e
Analyze Human Migration & Cultural Interaction Trends, 1500 to Present
Indicator 1.e.1
Analyze human migration & cultural interaction trends, 1500 to present

Benchmark 1.f
Analyze Impact of Economic Forces on Events from 1500 AD to Present
Indicator 1.f.1
Analyze impact of economic forces on events from 1500 AD to present
Standard 2

Benchmark 2.a
Locate Major States and Empires
Indicator 2.a.1
Explain the development of major states & empires by 1500 AD
Indicator 2.a.2
Locate major states and empires of the Eastern Hemisphere
Indicator 2.a.3
Locate major states and empires of the Western Hemisphere

Benchmark 2.b
Describe Artistic, Literary, & Intellectual Ideas from the Renaissance
Indicator 2.b.1
Define Renaissance as the rebirth of classical times
Indicator 2.b.2
Trace Renaissance spread from Italian city-states to Northern Europe
Indicator 2.b.3
Describe accomplishments in the visual arts during the Renaissance
Indicator 2.b.4
Describe accomplishments in literature during the Renaissance
Indicator 2.b.5
Describe accomplishments in intellectual ideas during the Renaissance

Benchmark 2.c
Describe the Distribution of Major Religions
Indicator 2.c.1
Describe Judaism and locate concentrations of its followers in 1500
Indicator 2.c.2
Describe Christianity & locate concentrations of its followers in 1500
Indicator 2.c.3
Describe Islam & locate concentrations of its followers in 1500
Indicator 2.c.4
Describe Hinduism & locate concentrations of its followers in 1500
Indicator 2.c.5
Describe Buddhism & locate concentrations of its followers in 1500

Benchmark 2.d
Analyze Major Trade Patterns
Indicator 2.d.1
Identify major trade routes & patterns linking Europe w/ Asia & Afica
Indicator 2.d.2
Assess importance of trade patterns in exchange of products & ideas

Benchmark 2.e
Cite Major Technological & Scientific Exchanges in Eastern Hemisphere
Indicator 2.e.1
Cite major technological & scientific exchanges in Eastern Hemisphere
Standard 3

Benchmark 3.a
Explain Emerging Theological, Political, and Economic Differences
Indicator 3.a.1
Describe conflicts that led to religious discontent
Indicator 3.a.2
Describe the actions and views of Martin Luther
Indicator 3.a.3
Describe the actions and views of John Calvin
Indicator 3.a.4
Describe the actions and views of King Henry VIII
Indicator 3.a.5
Describe the actions and views of Queen Elizabeth I

Benchmark 3.b
Describe Impact of Religious Conflicts on Government & Society
Indicator 3.b.1
Describe the impact and events of the Reformation in Germany
Indicator 3.b.2
Describe the impact and events of the Reformation in France
Indicator 3.b.3
Describe the impact and events of the Catholic Reformation

Benchmark 3.c
Describe Changing Cultural Aspects & Assess the Role of Printing Press
Indicator 3.c.1
Describe changing values, traditions, philosophies in the Reformation
Indicator 3.c.2
Assess the role of the printing press in the Reformation
Standard 4

Benchmark 4.a
Explain the Roles & Economic Motivations of Explorers & Conquistadors
Indicator 4.a.1
Describe factors driving European discoveries in Western Hemisphere
Indicator 4.a.2
Identify explorers and conquistadors from European countries
Indicator 4.a.3
Explain impact of new European empires on indigenous populations

Benchmark 4.b
Describe the Influence of Religion Relating to the Age of Discovery
Indicator 4.b.1
Describe how Christianity was diffused from Europe to W. Hemisphere
Indicator 4.b.2
Assess the role of religion in the Western Hemisphere

Benchmark 4.c
Explain Migration & Settlement Patterns in the Colonies
Indicator 4.c.1
Describe European colonial activity and control in the Americas
Indicator 4.c.2
Describe European colonial activity and control in Africa
Indicator 4.c.3
Describe European colonial activity and control in Asia
Indicator 4.c.4
Assess impact of European military & commercial activity in colonies
Indicator 4.c.5
Assess exploitation of American Indians and Africans by Europeans

Benchmark 4.d
Describe the Columbian Exchange & Its Impact on Native Populations
Indicator 4.d.1
Describe the Columbian Exchange in the Western Hemisphere
Indicator 4.d.2
Assess the impact of Columbian Exchange in the Western Hemisphere

Benchmark 4.e
Explain and Map the Triangular Trade
Indicator 4.e.1
Explain how the triangular trade linked Europe, Africa, & the Americas
Indicator 4.e.2
Describe the organization of triangular trade by European governments
Indicator 4.e.3
Describe "middle passage" conditions for African slaves

Benchmark 4.f
Describe the Impact of Precious Metal Exports from the Americas
Indicator 4.f.1
Describe the impact of precious metal exports from the Americas
Standard 5

Benchmark 5.a
Describe the Location and Development of the Ottoman Empire
Indicator 5.a.1
Identify original location of Ottoman Empire in Asia Minor
Indicator 5.a.2
Describe the influence of the Ottoman Empire on other areas
Indicator 5.a.3
Analyze the role of gunpowder in the expansion of the Ottoman Empire
Indicator 5.a.4
Describe the development of the Ottoman Empire

Benchmark 5.b
Describe India, Including the Mughal Empire and Coastal Trade
Indicator 5.b.1
Identify the location of the Mughal Empire in North India
Indicator 5.b.2
Describe the contributions of the Mughal rulers
Indicator 5.b.3
Analyze the role of gunpowder in the expansion of the Mughal Empire
Indicator 5.b.4
Explain Portugal, England, & Netherlands competed for ports in India
Indicator 5.b.5
Explain Southern India traded silks, spices, and gems

Benchmark 5.c
Describe East Asia, including China and the Japanese Shogunate
Indicator 5.c.1
Analyze Ming Dynasty absolutism & China's "Middle Kingdom" concept
Indicator 5.c.2
Assess China's relations with Asian and European countries
Indicator 5.c.3
Analyze the role of gunpowder in the expansion of the Ming Dynasty
Indicator 5.c.4
Describe centralized feudalism in Japan under Tokugawa Shogunate
Indicator 5.c.5
Explain Japan's political stability, economic growth & culture

Benchmark 5.d
Describe Africa and its Increasing Involvement in Global Trade
Indicator 5.d.1
Identify African imports and exports in global trade
Indicator 5.d.2
Assess impact of slave trade & demand for imported goods on Africa

Benchmark 5.e
Describe Growth of European Nations/Commercial Revolution/Mercantilism
Indicator 5.e.1
Define Mercantilism: Making European countries self-sufficient
Indicator 5.e.2
Explain effects of European power rivalries over resources
Indicator 5.e.3
Describe the Commercial Revolution
Indicator 5.e.4
Describe the new economic system resulting from Commercial Revolution
Standard 6

Benchmark 6.a
Describe the Scientific Revolution and its Effects
Indicator 6.a.1
Explain connections between Scientific Revolution and earlier ideas
Indicator 6.a.2
Identify and explain the impact of astronomical discoveries on society
Indicator 6.a.3
Explain the development & significance of the "Scientific Revolution"
Indicator 6.a.4
Describe discoveries by William Harvey & Ben Franklin

Benchmark 6.b
Describe the Age of Absolutism Including Monarchies
Indicator 6.b.1
Explain how religious wars of 1500s & 1600s led to strong monarchies
Indicator 6.b.2
Describe Absolutism: Centralization of power by a monarch
Indicator 6.b.3
Analyze the characteristics of strong monarchies in the 16th century
Indicator 6.b.4
Explain how absolute monarchs handled religious issues
Indicator 6.b.5
Assess the growth of monarchy in Russia & its spread to Siberia

Benchmark 6.c
Assess Impact of the English Civil War and the Glorious Revolution
Indicator 6.c.1
Analyze the foundations of English freedoms
Indicator 6.c.2
Describe the causes of the English Civil War
Indicator 6.c.3
Describe the events of the English Civil War
Indicator 6.c.4
Describe the Glorious Revolution
Indicator 6.c.5
Assess impact of English Civil War & Glorious Revolution on democracy

Benchmark 6.d
Explain Enlightenment Ideas & Influence on Founders of United States
Indicator 6.d.1
Describe the principal ideas of the Enlightenment
Indicator 6.d.2
Identify Enlightenment thinkers and describe their ideas
Indicator 6.d.3
Explain how academies, salons, publishing spread the Enlightenment
Indicator 6.d.4
Explain the impact of the Enlightenment on society

Benchmark 6.e
Describe the French Revolution
Indicator 6.e.1
Identify causes of the French Revolution
Indicator 6.e.2
Trace the development of the French Revolution to Napoleon
Indicator 6.e.3
Describe the events and outcomes of the Napoleonic era
Indicator 6.e.4
Compare causes, traits & results of the American & French Revolutions

Benchmark 6.f
Describe Expansion of Arts, Philosophy, Literature, New Technologies
Indicator 6.f.1
Identify artists, philosophers, writers of the 1500s, 1600s, 1700s
Indicator 6.f.2
Describe new schools of art & forms of literature of 1500s/1600s/1700s
Indicator 6.f.3
Describe how Enlightenment views were reflected in art & literature
Indicator 6.f.4
Describe new technologies important to European economies
Standard 7

Benchmark 7.a
Describe the Colonial System as it Existed by the 1800s
Indicator 7.a.1
Describe the characteristics of the Latin American Colonial System
Indicator 7.a.2
Describe the rigid class structure that developed in Latin America

Benchmark 7.b
Identify the Impact of American & French Revolutions on Latin America
Indicator 7.b.1
Identify the impact of American & French Revolutions on Latin America
Indicator 7.b.2
Locate selected countries in Latin America that gained independence

Benchmark 7.c
Explain the Contributions of Toussaint L'Ouverture and Simon Bolivar
Indicator 7.c.1
Explain the contributions of Toussaint L'Ouverture
Indicator 7.c.2
Explain the contributions of Simon Bolivar

Benchmark 7.d
Assess the Impact of the Monroe Doctrine
Indicator 7.d.1
Describe the Monroe Doctrine and its impact
Standard 8

Benchmark 8.a
Assess Impact of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna
Indicator 8.a.1
Assess the legacy of Napoleon
Indicator 8.a.2
Assess the legacy of Congress of Vienna

Benchmark 8.b
Describe Unsuccessful Revolutions & Political Reform in Great Britain
Indicator 8.b.1
Describe factors that stimulated the growth of nationalism
Indicator 8.b.2
Explain the terms of the Congress of Vienna
Indicator 8.b.3
Describe how Great Britain expanded rights & made slavery illegal
Indicator 8.b.4
Analyze factors contributing to end of serfdom in Russia & the results
Indicator 8.b.5
Trace expansion of democracy in Europe & middle class suffrage

Benchmark 8.c
Explain the Unification of Italy and the Role of Italian Nationalists
Indicator 8.c.1
Describe the unification of Italy

Benchmark 8.d
Explain the Events Related to Unification of Germany
Indicator 8.d.1
Describe the unification of Germany
Standard 9

Benchmark 9.a
Cite Scientific, Technological, and Industrial Developments
Indicator 9.a.1
Describe the Industrial Revolution's origin in England
Indicator 9.a.2
Trace the Industrial Revolution's spread
Indicator 9.a.3
Characterize the Industrial Revolution
Indicator 9.a.4
Describe expanding world market linked to developing industrialization
Indicator 9.a.5
Describe inventors & advances that produced the Industrial Revolution
Indicator 9.a.6
Describe scientists, and their advances in science and medicine
Indicator 9.a.7
Assess impact of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries

Benchmark 9.b
Explain the Emergence of Capitalism as an Economic Pattern
Indicator 9.b.1
Describe the emergence of capitalism
Indicator 9.b.2
Asses the impact of capitalism
Indicator 9.b.3
Explain socialism & communism as consequences of capitalism
Indicator 9.b.4
Describe the emergence & main ideas of socialism and communism
Indicator 9.b.5
Analyze the impact of Marxist beliefs on society

Benchmark 9.c
Describe the Evolution of the Nature of Work & the Labor Force
Indicator 9.c.1
Describe the nature of work in the factory system
Indicator 9.c.2
Assess the impact of Industrial Revolution on slavery
Indicator 9.c.3
Describe the social and political effects of the Industrial Revolution
Indicator 9.c.4
Explain how labor unions affected the working class

Benchmark 9.d
Explain the Rise of Industrial Economies
Indicator 9.d.1
Describe how nationalism caused European competition for colonies
Indicator 9.d.2
Describe the different forms of imperialism
Indicator 9.d.3
Explain how European imperialism affected colonized countries
Indicator 9.d.4
Describe the displacement of traditional industries in colonies
Indicator 9.d.5
Explain colonial resistance and responses to European domination

Benchmark 9.e
Assess European Power and Impact on Asia and Africa
Indicator 9.e.1
Evaluate imperialism in Africa and Asia
Indicator 9.e.2
Compare resistance of Zulus, Sioux, Maori to European Imperialism
Indicator 9.e.3
Trace spread of Christianity and its competition with Islam in Africa
Indicator 9.e.4
Identify the East India Company's domination of Indian states
Indicator 9.e.5
Assess the role of indigenous elites under colonial regimes
Indicator 9.e.6
Describe the opening of Japan to trade
Indicator 9.e.7
Analyze Japan's modernization in the late 19th & early 20th centuries
Indicator 9.e.8
Analyze how imperialism led to conflicts
Indicator 9.e.9
Describe the rise of nationalism in colonized areas in mid-1800s

Benchmark 9.f
Assess the Impact of 19th Century Imperialism on the 20th Century
Indicator 9.f.1
Analyze the causes and results of European scramble for Africa
Indicator 9.f.2
Explain the consequences of the Congress of Berlin
Indicator 9.f.3
Explain Russian expansionist policies & their consequences
Indicator 9.f.4
Explain Japan's expansion in Korea, Manchuria, China, Pacific & Taiwan
Standard 10

Benchmark 10.a
Explain Major Events, Causes, and Leaders of World War I
Indicator 10.a.1
Analyze the causes of World War I
Indicator 10.a.2
Evaluate how views of science & technology affected attitudes of war
Indicator 10.a.3
Explain how assassination of Franz Ferdinand initiated World War I
Indicator 10.a.4
Analyze the impact of US entering the war & of Russia leaving the war
Indicator 10.a.5
Identify Woodrow Wilson & Kaiser Wilhelm II as leaders of WWI
Indicator 10.a.6
Explain how industry and military innovations affected the war
Indicator 10.a.7
Analyze role of nationalism & propaganda in getting support for war

Benchmark 10.b
Explain Outcomes & Global Effect of War and the Treaty of Versailles
Indicator 10.b.1
Explain how colonies contributed to Allied/Central Powers war efforts
Indicator 10.b.2
Describe collapse of empires during & after World War I
Indicator 10.b.3
Describe creation of new states after World War I
Indicator 10.b.4
Assess results of new levels of violence & destruction in World War I
Indicator 10.b.5
Describe conflicting Britain/US/France/Italy/Japan aims at Versailles
Indicator 10.b.6
Analyze responses of major powers to the Treaty of Versailles

Benchmark 10.c
Cite the Causes and Consequences of the Russian Revolution
Indicator 10.c.1
Explain the causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917
Indicator 10.c.2
Describe the Bolshevik Revolution and the resulting civil war
Indicator 10.c.3
Describe Lenin's New Economic Policy and its effects
Indicator 10.c.4
Explain Leninist ideology and how the Bolsheviks adapted Marxist ideas
Indicator 10.c.5
Analyze why Lenin's govt went from moderate to radical under Stalin
Standard 11

Benchmark 11.a
Describe the League of Nations and the Mandate System
Indicator 11.a.1
Describe the League of Nations as a way to a achieve lasting peace
Indicator 11.a.2
Describe the mandate system that emerged after World War I
Indicator 11.a.3
Explain how the mandate system altered patterns of colonial rule

Benchmark 11.b
Cite Causes & Assess the Impact of Worldwide Depression in 1930s
Indicator 11.b.1
Identify the causes of worldwide economic depression after WWI
Indicator 11.b.2
Explain why the Great Depression spread to most parts of the world
Indicator 11.b.3
Describe the effects & global consequences of the Great Depression
Indicator 11.b.4
Analyze how the Great Depression contributed to political movements
Indicator 11.b.5
Describe how people coped with the Great Depression at all levels

Benchmark 11.c
Examine Events of Dictatorial Regimes & Identify the Major Leaders
Indicator 11.c.1
Describe the rise of Joseph Stalin to power in the Soviet Union
Indicator 11.c.2
Explain ideology of Nazism & how Hitler gained power in Germany
Indicator 11.c.3
Explain ideology of fascism - how Mussolini gained power in Italy
Indicator 11.c.4
Describe Japan in Interwar Period under Emperor Hirohito & Tojo
Indicator 11.c.5
Describe rise of fascism in Spain under Francisco Franco

Benchmark 11.d
Describe Influence of Artistic & Literary Movements in Interwar Period
Indicator 11.d.1
Evaluate social impact of Cubism, Surrealism, Jazz, & Expressionism
Indicator 11.d.2
Evaluate impact of Asian & African art & lit in Europe & other areas
Indicator 11.d.3
Analyze new media's contribution to rise of mass culture in the world
Standard 12

Benchmark 12.a
Explain Causes, Major Events & Leaders of the World War II
Indicator 12.a.1
Analyze underlying causes of World War II
Indicator 12.a.2
Analyze motives & results of Soviet non-aggression pacts of 1939/1941
Indicator 12.a.3
Analyze results of the Allies' failure to oppose Axis aggression
Indicator 12.a.4
Identify major events of World War II
Indicator 12.a.5
Identify major leaders of World War II

Benchmark 12.b
Examine the Holocaust & Other Examples of Genocide in 20th Century
Indicator 12.b.1
Define Genocide: Destruction of various groups of people
Indicator 12.b.2
Analyze the causes and events of the Holocaust
Indicator 12.b.3
Compare the Holocaust to other examples of genocide in 20th century

Benchmark 12.c
Explain the Peace Terms and Other Results of World War II
Indicator 12.c.1
Identify Allies' postwar plans from the various conferences
Indicator 12.c.2
Assess worldwide impact of World War II
Indicator 12.c.3
Identify ways the Allies promoted reconstruction in Germany
Indicator 12.c.4
Identify ways the Allies promoted reconstruction in Japan
Indicator 12.c.5
Explain the creation of international cooperative organizations
Indicator 12.c.6
Describe the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Indicator 12.c.7
Compare World Wars I and II in terms of their impact on society
Indicator 12.c.8
Explain discrediting of fascism post-WWII & rise of democracies
Standard 13

Benchmark 13.a
Explain Key Events of Cold War and the Collapse of Communism
Indicator 13.a.1
Analyze the differences between Western democracies & the communists
Indicator 13.a.2
Describe the beginning of the Cold War
Indicator 13.a.3
Analyze events of the Cold War
Indicator 13.a.4
Explain the collapse of communism in the USSR & Eastern Europe

Benchmark 13.b
Assess Impact of Nuclear Power Since 1945
Indicator 13.b.1
Analyze the superpower conflict in terms of nuclear weapons/space tech

Benchmark 13.c
Describe Conflicts and Revolutionary Movements in Eastern Asia
Indicator 13.c.1
Define the policy of "Containment": Preventing spread of communism
Indicator 13.c.2
Explain the Chinese Communist Party and Mao's influence in China
Indicator 13.c.3
Describe conflicts and revolutionary movements in China
Indicator 13.c.4
Describe conflicts and revolutionary movements in Vietnam

Benchmark 13.d
Describe Contributions of Selected World Leaders from the 20th Century
Indicator 13.d.1
Describe the major contributions of Indira Gandhi
Indicator 13.d.2
Describe the major contributions of Margaret Thatcher
Indicator 13.d.3
Describe the major contributions of Mikhail Gorbachev
Indicator 13.d.4
Describe the major contributions of Deng Xiaoping
Standard 14

Benchmark 14.a
Describe Struggles of Self-Rule and Gandhi's Leadership in India
Indicator 14.a.1
Analyze impact of World War II and post-war politics on India
Indicator 14.a.2
Describe the setting for the Indian independence movement
Indicator 14.a.3
Describe the evolution of the Indian independence movement
Indicator 14.a.4
Describe the creation of India's democracy

Benchmark 14.b
Describe Africa's Independence & Kenyatta's & Mandela's Leadership
Indicator 14.b.1
Describe the independence movements in Africa
Indicator 14.b.2
Analyze the independence movements in W. & S. Africa, Algeria, Kenya
Indicator 14.b.3
Analyze differences in the African & Asian independence movements
Indicator 14.b.4
Describe economic and social problems of new states in 1960s-1970s
Indicator 14.b.5
Analyze adoption of democratic institutions by states

Benchmark 14.c
Describe End of Mandate System and Creation of Middle East States
Indicator 14.c.1
Describe mandates in Middle East after WWII resulting in conflicts
Indicator 14.c.2
Identify Syria and Lebanon as French mandates in the Middle East
Indicator 14.c.3
Identify Jordan and Palestine as British mandates in the Middle East
Indicator 14.c.4
Describe the major contributions of Golda Meir
Indicator 14.c.5
Describe the major contributions of Gamal Abdul Nasser
Indicator 14.c.6
Explain the historical evolution of Israel from a British mandate
Indicator 14.c.7
Analyze the conflict between Israel and the Palestinians
Standard 15

Benchmark 15.a
Describe Basic Beliefs of Major World Religions
Indicator 15.a.1
Describe the basic beliefs of Judaism
Indicator 15.a.2
Describe the basic beliefs of Christianity
Indicator 15.a.3
Describe the basic beliefs of Islam
Indicator 15.a.4
Describe the basic beliefs of Hinduism
Indicator 15.a.5
Describe the basic beliefs of Buddhism

Benchmark 15.b
Locate Geographic Distribution of Contemporary World Religions
Indicator 15.b.1
Identify geographic distribution of the world's major religions
Standard 16

Benchmark 16.a
Identify Contemporary Political Issues of Refugee Migrations
Indicator 16.a.1
Describe the migrations of refugees and other groups
Indicator 16.a.2
Describe the current conflicts of the Mid-East and other areas
Indicator 16.a.3
Describe the impact of new technologies worldwide
Indicator 16.a.4
Assess influence of TV & Internet on culture & information worldwide
Indicator 16.a.5
Analyze religious fundamentalism and resurgent nationalism
Indicator 16.a.6
Analyze women's progress towards social, political & economic equality
Indicator 16.a.7
Analyze terrorist movements and their impact on politics and society

Benchmark 16.b
Assess Impact of Economic Development & Global Population Growth
Indicator 16.b.1
Contrast developed and developing nations
Indicator 16.b.2
Assess the impact of factors affecting the environment and society
Indicator 16.b.3
Describe contemporary environmental challenges
Indicator 16.b.4
Describe social challenges
Indicator 16.b.5
Explain how economic and political freedoms are linked
Indicator 16.b.6
Analyze economic disparities between developed & developing states
Indicator 16.b.7
Analyze issues that have contributed to environmental changes

Benchmark 16.c
Describe Economic Interdependence
Indicator 16.c.1
Describe roles of transportation, communication, computer networks
Indicator 16.c.2
Describe rise and influence of multinational corporations
Indicator 16.c.3
Describe regional integration & the changing role of int'l. boundaries
Indicator 16.c.4
Analyze the impact of trade agreements
Indicator 16.c.5
Analyze the impact of international organizations
Indicator 16.c.6
Analyze changes in the world oil market since 1970
Indicator 16.c.7
Analyze the role of NATO & the UN in the post-Cold War world

Benchmark 16.d
Analyze the Increasing Impact of Terrorism
Indicator 16.d.1
Describe examples of international terrorism
Indicator 16.d.2
Describe governmental responses to terrorist activities

Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)