Social Studies Curriculum
  VA/US History
 

The standards for Virginia and United States History include the historical development of American ideas and institutions from the Age of Exploration to the present. While focusing on political and economic history, students will gain a basic knowledge of American culture through a chronological survey of major issues, movements, people, and events in United States and Virginia history. Students should use historical and geographical analysis skills to explore in depth the events, people, and ideas that fostered our national identity and led to our country’s prominence in world affairs.

The study of history must emphasize the intellectual skills required for responsible citizenship. Students practice these skills as they extend their understanding of the essential knowledge defined by the standards for history and social science.

Last Updated: 08/17/12 10:25 AM
 
 
SS.VUS
Standard 1
  DEMONSTRATE SKILLS FOR HISTORICAL & GEOGRAPHICAL ANALYSIS
 

Benchmark 1.a
Use Primary & Secondary Sources to Understand Events & Life in the US
 
Indicator 1.a.1
Use primary & secondary sources to understand events & life in the US
 

Benchmark 1.b
Evaluate the Authenticity, Authority, and Credibility of Sources
 
Indicator 1.b.1
Evaluate the authenticity, authority, and credibility of sources
 

Benchmark 1.c
Formulate Historical Questions & Defend Findings Based on Inquiry
 
Indicator 1.c.1
Formulate historical questions and defend findings based on inquiry
 

Benchmark 1.d
Develop Perspectives of Time & Place Using Maps and Timelines
 
Indicator 1.d.1
Develop perspectives of time & place using maps and timelines
 

Benchmark 1.e
Communicate Findings Orally and in Essays or Comprehensive Papers
 
Indicator 1.e.1
Communicate findings orally and in essays or comprehensive papers
 

Benchmark 1.f
Develop Skills in Discussion, Debate & Persuasive Writing
 
Indicator 1.f.1
Develop skills in discussion, debate & persuasive writing
 

Benchmark 1.g
Apply Geographic Skills & Reference Sources - Understand Relationships
 
Indicator 1.g.1
Apply geographic skills & reference sources - understand relationships
 

Benchmark 1.h
Interpret Significance of Excerpts from Famous Speeches & Documents
 
Indicator 1.h.1
Interpret significance of excerpts from famous speeches & documents
 

Benchmark 1.i
Identify Costs, Benefits & Consequences of Specific Choices
 
Indicator 1.i.1
Identify costs, benefits & consequences of specific choices
 
SS.VUS
Standard 2
  DESCRIBE EUROPEAN EXPLORATION AND COLONIZATION
 

Benchmark 2.a
Describe Reasons for European Exploration and Colonization
 
Indicator 2.a.1
Identify the advances that prompted European exploration
 
Indicator 2.a.2
Compare motives for European exploration & colonization
 
Indicator 2.a.3
Evaluate the course and consequences of the Columbian Exchange
 

Benchmark 2.b
Describe Interactions among Europeans, Africans & American Indians
 
Indicator 2.b.1
Explain Spanish interactions with the Aztecs, Incas and Pueblos
 
Indicator 2.b.2
Describe the labor systems in Spanish & Portuguese colonies
 
Indicator 2.b.3
Explain how explorations and settlements led to conflicts
 
Indicator 2.b.4
Explain the French exploration of Canada
 
Indicator 2.b.5
Explain how and why slavery was introduced to the New World
 

Benchmark 2.c
Describe the Characteristics of Early Exploration & Settlements
 
Indicator 2.c.1
Compare and contrast characteristics and motives of British settlement
 
Indicator 2.c.2
Describe the characteristics and motives for settlement in Virginia
 
Indicator 2.c.3
Analyze representative government in the British colonies
 
SS.VUS
Standard 3
  DESCRIBE HOW EUROPEAN VALUES TOOK ROOT IN THE COLONIES
 

Benchmark 3.a
Assess the Impact of Geography & Origins of Settlers on Colonies
 
Indicator 3.a.1
Describe the economic development of New England
 
Indicator 3.a.2
Describe the economic development of the middle colonies
 
Indicator 3.a.3
Describe the economic development of Virginia & Southern colonies
 
Indicator 3.a.4
Explain private property & free enterprise as traits of colonial life
 
Indicator 3.a.5
Assess impact of geography on economic development in the colonies
 
Indicator 3.a.6
Explain mercantilism as a relationship between England & its colonies
 

Benchmark 3.b
Describe Social Developments and Social Change in British America
 
Indicator 3.b.1
Describe the religious groups in the colonies
 
Indicator 3.b.2
Describe social characteristics of New England & Mid-Atlantic colonies
 
Indicator 3.b.3
Describe social characteristics of Virginia & other Southern colonies
 
Indicator 3.b.4
Describe the "Great Awakening" and its impact
 
Indicator 3.b.5
Compare and contrast the social and religious traits of the colonies
 

Benchmark 3.c
Describe the Political Life in the British Colonies
 
Indicator 3.c.1
Describe the political life in the British colonies
 

Benchmark 3.d
Describe the Impact of Indentured Servitude and Slavery on Colonies
 
Indicator 3.d.1
Explain that agriculture in Southern colonies required cheap labor
 
Indicator 3.d.2
Explain that indentured servants met some labor needs in colonies
 
Indicator 3.d.3
Identify the changing status of Africans in the colonies
 
Indicator 3.d.4
Analyze the impact of Bacon's Rebellion
 
Indicator 3.d.5
Explain that slavery led to conflict between the North and the South
 
SS.VUS
Standard 4
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR PERIOD
 

Benchmark 4.a
Analyze Ideas that Influenced & Shaped the Declaration of Independence
 
Indicator 4.a.1
Explain issues used to justify the Declaration of Independence
 
Indicator 4.a.2
Explain the Enlightenment period introduced ideas about government
 
Indicator 4.a.3
Assess influence & impact of Enlightenment philosophers on US beliefs
 
Indicator 4.a.4
Explain how "Common Sense" contributed to the calls for independence
 
Indicator 4.a.5
Assess how Declaration of Independence held ideas of Locke & Paine
 

Benchmark 4.b
Evaluate Key Principles in the Declaration of Independence as Unifiers
 
Indicator 4.b.1
Evaluate key principles in the Declaration of Independence as unifiers
 

Benchmark 4.c
Describe Political Differences Among Colonists About Independence
 
Indicator 4.c.1
Explain the Anglo-French rivalry that led to French & Indian War
 
Indicator 4.c.2
Explain the actions by England that led to the Revolutionary War
 
Indicator 4.c.3
Identify the Patriot, Loyalist and Neutral factions
 
Indicator 4.c.4
Examine arguments between the Patriots and Loyalists
 
Indicator 4.c.5
Reconstruct chronology of events that led to armed conflict
 

Benchmark 4.d
Analyze Reasons for Colonial Victory in the Revolutionary War
 
Indicator 4.d.1
Appraise George Washington's military and political leadership
 
Indicator 4.d.2
Analyze relationship between France and Americans in the Revolution
 
Indicator 4.d.3
Explain the role of support for the war in Great Britain
 
Indicator 4.d.4
Reconstruct chronology of military events that led to colonial victory
 
Indicator 4.d.5
Compare & contrast roles of different groups in the Revolutionary War
 
SS.VUS
Standard 5
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE US CONSTITUTION
 

Benchmark 5.a
Explain Constitution Origins, Including the Articles of Confederation
 
Indicator 5.a.1
Explain the creation of the Articles of Confederation
 
Indicator 5.a.2
Assess the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
 
Indicator 5.a.3
Assess the successes under the Articles of Confederation
 
Indicator 5.a.4
Determine the causes and effects of Shays' Rebellion
 
Indicator 5.a.5
Discuss the issues that led to the creation of the US Constitution
 

Benchmark 5.b
Identify the Major Compromises Made to Create the US Constitution
 
Indicator 5.b.1
Identify key issues & the resolutions in creating the US Constitution
 
Indicator 5.b.2
Assess the role of George Washington as Chairman of the Convention
 
Indicator 5.b.3
Assess the role of James Madison as "Father of the Constitution"
 

Benchmark 5.c
Examine Significance of Documents Used to Create the Bill of Rights
 
Indicator 5.c.1
Explain that George Mason wrote the Virginia Declaration of Rights
 
Indicator 5.c.2
Explain that Thomas Jefferson wrote VA Statute for Religious Freedom
 
Indicator 5.c.3
Explain that Madison used VA documents to create the US Bill of Rights
 

Benchmark 5.d
Assess the Arguments of the Federalists and Anti-Federalists
 
Indicator 5.d.1
Explain the arguments of Federalists during ratification debates
 
Indicator 5.d.2
Explain the arguments of Anti-Federalists during ratification debates
 

Benchmark 5.e
Appraise John Marshall's Supreme Court Precedent-Setting Decisions
 
Indicator 5.e.1
Describe the cases that are the basis of Supreme Court powers
 
SS.VUS
Standard 6
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE 1ST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY
 

Benchmark 6.a
Explain the Formation of the 1st Opposition Political Party
 
Indicator 6.a.1
Explain the formation of the 1st opposition political party
 
Indicator 6.a.2
Describe the significance of the election of 1800
 
Indicator 6.a.3
Explain the beliefs of members of the Federalists political party
 
Indicator 6.a.4
Explain the beliefs of the Democratic-Republican political party
 

Benchmark 6.b
Identify Factors that Led to Territorial Expansion
 
Indicator 6.b.1
Describe foreign policy decisions of Washington, Adams & Jefferson
 
Indicator 6.b.2
Assess the impact of the Louisiana Purchase on territorial expansion
 
Indicator 6.b.3
Describe the causes and consequences of the War of 1812
 
Indicator 6.b.4
Identify the origins and provisions of the Monroe Doctrine
 
Indicator 6.b.5
Assess the impact of economic factors on territorial expansion
 
Indicator 6.b.6
Describe the resolution of the Oregon dispute with Great Britain
 
Indicator 6.b.7
Analyze the American belief in "Manifest Destiny"
 
Indicator 6.b.8
Assess the impact of westward migration on the American Indians
 
Indicator 6.b.9
Explain the Texas Revolution and the Mexican-American War
 

Benchmark 6.c
Examine the Reasons for Declaring War on Great Britain in 1812
 
Indicator 6.c.1
Examine the reasons for declaring war on Great Britain in 1812
 

Benchmark 6.d
Relate the Changing Character of American Political Life
 
Indicator 6.d.1
Relate the changing character of American Political life
 
Indicator 6.d.2
Explain Andrew Jackson's "Spoils System"
 
Indicator 6.d.3
Explain the replacement of the Federalists by Whigs & Know-Nothings
 

Benchmark 6.e
Describe the Issues that Divided the Nation
 
Indicator 6.e.1
Describe sectional tensions caused by competing economic interests
 
Indicator 6.e.2
Describe sectional tensions caused by westward expansion
 
Indicator 6.e.3
Describe sectional tensions caused by debates - nature of the Union
 
Indicator 6.e.4
Describe sectional tensions caused by the institution of slavery
 
Indicator 6.e.5
Describe the woman's suffrage movement
 
Indicator 6.e.6
Describe transcendentalism
 
SS.VUS
Standard 7
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE CIVIL WAR & RECONSTRUCTION ERA
 

Benchmark 7.a
Evaluate the Multiple Causes (Including Slavery) of the Civil War
 
Indicator 7.a.1
Evaluate the multiple causes (including slavery) of the Civil War
 

Benchmark 7.b
Identify the Major Events and Leaders of the Civil War Era
 
Indicator 7.b.1
Identify the major events of the Civil War
 
Indicator 7.b.2
Identify the major military and political leaders of the Civil War
 
Indicator 7.b.3
Identify military innovations and their impact
 

Benchmark 7.c
Analyze the Emancipation Proclamation & the Gettysburg Address
 
Indicator 7.c.1
Describe the provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation
 
Indicator 7.c.2
Analyze the significance of the Gettysburg Address
 

Benchmark 7.d
Examine Political & Economic Impact of the Civil War & Reconstruction
 
Indicator 7.d.1
Describe the political effects of the Civil War & Reconstruction
 
Indicator 7.d.2
Explain the clashes between Johnson and the Radical Republicans
 
Indicator 7.d.3
Identify the provisions of Civil War amendments to the Constitution
 
Indicator 7.d.4
Describe the impact of Reconstruction on African Americans
 
Indicator 7.d.5
Describe the economic impact of the war on the South
 
Indicator 7.d.6
Describe economic impact of the war on the North & Midwest
 
Indicator 7.d.7
Explain the Transcontinental Railroad intensified westward movement
 

Benchmark 7.e
Examine the Social Impact of the Civil War on Various Groups
 
Indicator 7.e.1
Describe the social impact of the Civil War on African Americans
 
Indicator 7.e.2
Describe the social impact of the Civil War on common soldiers
 
Indicator 7.e.3
Describe the social impact of the Civil War on women
 

Benchmark 7.f
Explain Post-War Contributions of Key Leaders of the Civil War
 
Indicator 7.f.1
Explain the post-war contributions of Ulysses S. Grant
 
Indicator 7.f.2
Explain the post-war contributions of Robert E. Lee
 
Indicator 7.f.3
Explain the post-war contributions of Frederick Douglass
 
SS.VUS
Standard 8
  DEMONSTRATE NATION'S GROWTH & CHANGE FROM 1860S - EARLY 1900S
 

Benchmark 8.a
Explain Link Between Westward Expansion & the Nation's Growth
 
Indicator 8.a.1
Explain link between westward expansion & the nation's growth
 
Indicator 8.a.2
Explain the era of the American cowboy
 
Indicator 8.a.3
Identify new technologies that helped westward expansion
 
Indicator 8.a.4
Identify attitudes and policies towards American Indians
 
Indicator 8.a.5
Compare and contrast "old immigrants" and "new immigrants"
 
Indicator 8.a.6
Explain that immigrants arrived from Europe and Asia
 
Indicator 8.a.7
Assess immigrants' contributions to America's growth
 
Indicator 8.a.8
Explain that despite contributions, immigrants faced hardship
 
Indicator 8.a.9
Evaluate the immigration policy of the United States
 
Indicator 8.a.10
Explain the industrial growth and resulting issues faced by cities
 

Benchmark 8.b
Describe the US Economy Moving from Agrarian to Industrial
 
Indicator 8.b.1
Explain that technological change spurred the growth of industry
 
Indicator 8.b.2
Identify inventions and innovations that fueled industrial growth
 
Indicator 8.b.3
Identify major industrial leaders and their impact on the economy
 
Indicator 8.b.4
Identify reasons for the move from an agrarian to industrial economy
 
Indicator 8.b.5
Describe the impact of immigration on labor issues
 
Indicator 8.b.6
Describe the impact of industrial production on distribution methods
 
Indicator 8.b.7
Describe the impact of industrialization on literature and the arts
 

Benchmark 8.c
Analyze Prejudice and Discrimination During this Time Period
 
Indicator 8.c.1
Analyze the institutionalization of segregation
 
Indicator 8.c.2
Explain that African Americans began the "Great Migration"
 
Indicator 8.c.3
Compare and contrast the response of African Americans
 

Benchmark 8.d
Identify the Impact of the Progressive Movement
 
Indicator 8.d.1
Identify causes of the Progressive Movement
 
Indicator 8.d.2
Identify attempts to expose corruption and inequality
 
Indicator 8.d.3
Analyze how unions differed in terms of reform agendas & organization
 
Indicator 8.d.4
Explain the response of management & government to labor strife
 
Indicator 8.d.5
Assess the gains of labor unions
 
Indicator 8.d.6
Explain the Progressive Movement used the govt to reform problems
 
Indicator 8.d.7
Explain the goals of the Progressive Movement
 
Indicator 8.d.8
Describe Progressive accomplishments regarding child labor
 
Indicator 8.d.9
Evaluate Progressive reforms to expand democracy at all levels
 
Indicator 8.d.10
Identify successful attempts at Progressive reform at federal levels
 
Indicator 8.d.11
Describe the women's suffrage movement
 
Indicator 8.d.12
Describe the 16th, 17th, 18th & 19th Amendments reflection of ideals
 
SS.VUS
Standard 9
  DEMONSTRATE EMERGING ROLE OF US IN WORLD AFFAIRS
 

Benchmark 9.a
Explain Changing US Policies Towards Latin America and Asia
 
Indicator 9.a.1
Explain the growth in international trade from late 1800s to WWI
 
Indicator 9.a.2
Describe the "Open Door Policy" - creating int'l. markets for the US
 
Indicator 9.a.3
Describe "Dollar Diplomacy" - creating int'l. markets for the US
 
Indicator 9.a.4
Analyze causes and results of the Spanish-American War
 
Indicator 9.a.5
Describe the role of T. Roosevelt in building the Panama Canal
 
Indicator 9.a.6
Describe efforts to depose Hawaii's monarchy & annex Hawaii
 

Benchmark 9.b
Evaluate US Involvement in World War I and Resulting Issues
 
Indicator 9.b.1
Examine the causes of World War I
 
Indicator 9.b.2
Explain how the war began in Europe
 
Indicator 9.b.3
Examine shift in US policy from isolationism to military involvement
 
Indicator 9.b.4
Evaluate the key ideas of Wilson's Fourteen Point Plan
 
Indicator 9.b.5
Identify the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles
 
Indicator 9.b.6
Analyze the political, economic and social results of World War I
 
SS.VUS
Standard 10
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF KEY DOMESTIC EVENTS OF THE 1920s & 1930s
 

Benchmark 10.a
Analyze How the Media Created Popular Culture & Challenged Values
 
Indicator 10.a.1
Describe the role the media played in shaping popular culture & values
 
Indicator 10.a.2
Analyze how mass media challenged traditional values
 

Benchmark 10.b
Assess the Causes & Consequences of the Stock Market Crash of 1929
 
Indicator 10.b.1
Analyze the causes of the stock market crash of 1929
 
Indicator 10.b.2
Analyze the consequences of the stock market crash
 

Benchmark 10.c
Explain the Causes & Impact of the Great Depression
 
Indicator 10.c.1
Explain the causes of the Great Depression
 
Indicator 10.c.2
Analyze the impact of the Great Depression on the American people
 

Benchmark 10.d
Describe How FDR's New Deal Addressed Issues of the Great Depression
 
Indicator 10.d.1
Describe Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal
 
Indicator 10.d.2
Explain how the New Deal expanded govt's role in the economy
 

Benchmark 10.e
Examine Domestic Social Tensions & Results in the Postwar Era
 
Indicator 10.e.1
Assess government reactions to growth of radical political movements
 
Indicator 10.e.2
Examine rising racial and ethnic tensions
 
Indicator 10.e.3
Examine the rise of religious fundamentalism
 
Indicator 10.e.4
Analyze the economic and social consequences of Prohibition
 
Indicator 10.e.5
Analyze how the "New Woman" challenged Victorian values
 
Indicator 10.e.6
Examine contributors to the Harlem Renaissance & the Lost Generation
 
Indicator 10.e.7
Explain the global context of the Great Depression
 
SS.VUS
Standard 11
  THE STUDENT WILL DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF WORLD WAR II
 

Benchmark 11.a
Analyze Causes and Events that Led to US Involvement in WWII
 
Indicator 11.a.1
Analyze political & economic problems from the Treaty of Versailles
 
Indicator 11.a.2
Identify acts of aggression by totalitarian regimes that led to WWII
 
Indicator 11.a.3
Analyze why the US moved towards involvement in WWII
 

Benchmark 11.b
Describe Major Battles and Turning Points of World War II
 
Indicator 11.b.1
Identify the Allied powers and their major leaders
 
Indicator 11.b.2
Identify the Axis Powers and their major leaders
 
Indicator 11.b.3
Describe the Allied strategy
 
Indicator 11.b.4
Describe the Axis strategy
 
Indicator 11.b.5
Describe the Battle of El Alamein
 
Indicator 11.b.6
Describe the Battle and Siege of Stalingrad
 
Indicator 11.b.7
Describe the Normandy landings (D-Day)
 
Indicator 11.b.8
Describe the Battle of the Bulge
 
Indicator 11.b.9
Describe the Battle of Midway
 
Indicator 11.b.10
Describe the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa
 
Indicator 11.b.11
Analyze the use of the atomic bomb in Japan
 

Benchmark 11.c
Describe the Role of All-Minority Military Units
 
Indicator 11.c.1
Explain that African Americans usually served in segregated units
 
Indicator 11.c.2
Explain the role of the Tuskegee Airmen in Europe
 
Indicator 11.c.3
Explain the role of the Nisei regiments
 
Indicator 11.c.4
Identify additional contributions of minorities in World War II
 

Benchmark 11.d
Examine the Geneva Convention & Treatment of Prisoners of War
 
Indicator 11.d.1
Explain the Geneva Convention mandated humane treatment of POWs
 
Indicator 11.d.2
Describe the treatment of POWs in the Pacific Theater
 

Benchmark 11.e
Analyze the Holocaust and its Impact on Jews and Other Groups
 
Indicator 11.e.1
Define Genocide: Systematic & purposeful destruction of a group
 
Indicator 11.e.2
Define the phrase Final Solution: Effort to exterminate all Jews
 
Indicator 11.e.3
Identify groups affected by the Holocaust
 
Indicator 11.e.4
Analyze the significance of the Nuremburg trials
 
Indicator 11.e.5
Explain the arrests and trials of Japanese officials for atrocities
 
SS.VUS
Standard 12
  DEMONSTRATE THE EFFECTS OF WWII ON THE HOME FRONT
 

Benchmark 12.a
Explain How the US Mobilized Economic/Human/Military Resources
 
Indicator 12.a.1
Analyze the US mobilization of resources during World War II
 
Indicator 12.a.2
Describe how the US mobilized human & military resources in WWII
 

Benchmark 12.b
Describe the Contributions of Women and Minorities to the War Effort
 
Indicator 12.b.1
Describe the contributions of women to the war effort
 
Indicator 12.b.2
Describe the contributions of African Americans to the war effort
 

Benchmark 12.c
Explain the Internment of Japanese Americans during the War
 
Indicator 12.c.1
Identify reasons for the internment of Japanese Americans
 
Indicator 12.c.2
Describe the internment of Japanese Americans
 

Benchmark 12.d
Describe the Role of Media and Communications in the War Effort.
 
Indicator 12.d.1
Describe the role of media and communications in the war effort
 

Benchmark 12.e
Evaluate the Impact of World War II on Science and Technology
 
Indicator 12.e.1
Discuss changes in military technology during World War II
 
Indicator 12.e.2
Examine the impact of World War II on the field of medicine
 
SS.VUS
Standard 13
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF US FOREIGN POLICY SINCE WWII
 

Benchmark 13.a
Describe Outcomes of WWII - New Boundaries, UN & the Marshall Plan
 
Indicator 13.a.1
Explain that the USSR occupied Eastern & Central Europe & East Germany
 
Indicator 13.a.2
Describe the partitioning of Germany at the end of World War II
 
Indicator 13.a.3
Explain that Japan was occupied by American forces after World War II
 
Indicator 13.a.4
Explain that the Marshall Plan provided help to rebuild Europe
 
Indicator 13.a.5
Describe boundary changes at the end of World War II
 
Indicator 13.a.6
Explain that the UN was formed to prevent future global wars
 

Benchmark 13.b
Explain Cold War, Truman Doctrine, Korean & Vietnam Wars, NATO Role
 
Indicator 13.b.1
Explain Cold War duration - from end of WWII to Soviet Union collapse
 
Indicator 13.b.2
Describe the different values of the US and the USSR
 
Indicator 13.b.3
Describe the Truman Doctrine as a guiding US principle of the Cold War
 
Indicator 13.b.4
Describe the division of Europe after World War II
 
Indicator 13.b.5
Describe the impact of the communist takeover of China
 
Indicator 13.b.6
Describe the arms race and its impact on the Cold War
 
Indicator 13.b.7
Explain the causes, responses to, and results of the Korean War
 
Indicator 13.b.8
Explain the causes, responses & results of US involvement with Cuba
 
Indicator 13.b.9
Assess the impact of the Cold War at home
 
Indicator 13.b.10
Explain the causes, responses & results of US involvement in Vietnam
 
Indicator 13.b.11
Evaluate public perception of the executive branch
 

Benchmark 13.c
Explain Role of US Military & Veterans Defending Freedom in Cold War
 
Indicator 13.c.1
Identify famous excerpts from Kennedy's inaugural address
 
Indicator 13.c.2
Describe contributions of the military during the Cold War era
 
Indicator 13.c.3
Explain the impact of the assassination of Kennedy
 
Indicator 13.c.4
Compare the experiences of WWII and Vietnam veterans
 

Benchmark 13.d
Explain Collapse of Communism and the End of the Cold War
 
Indicator 13.d.1
Identify internal problems in the USSR that led to collapse
 
Indicator 13.d.2
Assess Reagan's role in the collapse of Soviet Union & end of Cold War
 

Benchmark 13.e
Explain the Impact of US Presidents since 1988 on Foreign Policy
 
Indicator 13.e.1
Identify selected post-Cold War era goals and policies
 
Indicator 13.e.2
Describe the impact of President George H.W. Bush - 1989-1993
 
Indicator 13.e.3
Describe the impact of President William J. Clinton - 1993-2001
 
Indicator 13.e.4
Describe the impact of President George W. Bush - 2001-2009
 

Benchmark 13.f
Trace Rise of US as Major Economic & Military Power in the Postwar Era
 
Indicator 13.f.1
Describe postwar economy and its effect on the American consumer
 
Indicator 13.f.2
Describe federal govt. provided economic opportunities for veterans
 
Indicator 13.f.3
Explain conservative reaction to liberalism & supply-side economics
 
Indicator 13.f.4
Analyze the economic implications of demographic changes
 
SS.VUS
Standard 14
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
 

Benchmark 14.a
Identify Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
 
Indicator 14.a.1
Describe the significance of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
 
Indicator 14.a.2
Identify key people in Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
 
Indicator 14.a.3
Evaluate Virginia's response to Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
 

Benchmark 14.b
Describe NAACP, March on Wash, & Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act
 
Indicator 14.b.1
Evaluate the impact of the 1963 March on Washington
 
Indicator 14.b.2
Describe the Civil Rights Act of 1964
 
Indicator 14.b.3
Assess the significance of the Voting Rights Act of 1965
 
Indicator 14.b.4
Explain that the NAACP challenged segregation in the courts
 
Indicator 14.b.5
Identify and compare key civil rights events and organizations
 
Indicator 14.b.6
Compare philosophies of key Civil Rights leaders
 
Indicator 14.b.7
Analyze the ideas in Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.' writings
 
SS.VUS
Standard 15
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF DEVELOPMENTS IN RECENT DECADES & TODAY
 

Benchmark 15.a
Examine Role of US Supreme Court - Equal Rights, Rule of Law, Privacy
 
Indicator 15.a.1
Examine role of US Supreme Court - equal rights, rule of law, privacy
 

Benchmark 15.b
Analyze Changing Patterns of Immigration/Reasons to Come/Contributions
 
Indicator 15.b.1
Explain that new immigration to US has come from many areas
 
Indicator 15.b.2
Identify reasons for immigration to the US
 
Indicator 15.b.3
Identify issues related to immigration policy in the United States
 
Indicator 15.b.4
Describe the contributions of immigrants in the US
 
Indicator 15.b.5
Compare reasons for immigration to US now and in the past
 

Benchmark 15.c
Explain Influence & Effects of the Media and Technological Advances
 
Indicator 15.c.1
Describe the US space program
 
Indicator 15.c.2
Explain the increase in the global awareness of Americans
 
Indicator 15.c.3
Identify examples of technological advances in the US
 
Indicator 15.c.4
Identify changes brought on by technological advances in the US
 

Benchmark 15.d
Examine the Impact of the "Reagan Revolution"
 
Indicator 15.d.1
Identify the role of Reagan and conservative Republicans
 
Indicator 15.d.2
Assess the "Reagan Revolution" extending beyond his tenure in office
 

Benchmark 15.e
Assess the Role of Government Actions that Impact the Economy
 
Indicator 15.e.1
Assess the role of government actions that impact the economy
 

Benchmark 15.f
Assess the Role of the US in a World Confronted by Terrorism
 
Indicator 15.f.1
Assess the role of the US in a world confronted by terrorism
 

Benchmark 15.g
Examine Social, Political, & Economic Issues of the 21st Century
 
Indicator 15.g.1
Examine major social concerns in contemporary US in the 21st century
 
Indicator 15.g.2
Examine changes in the political landscape in the 21st century


Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)