Social Studies Curriculum
  Government
 

Standards for Virginia and United States Government define the knowledge that enables citizens to participate effectively in civic and economic life. Students will examine fundamental constitutional principles, the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, the political culture, the policy-making process at each level of government, and the operation of the United States market economy. The standards identify the personal character traits that facilitate thoughtful and effective participation in the civic life of an increasingly diverse democratic society.

Civic education also must emphasize the intellectual skills required for responsible citizenship. Students will practice these skills as they extend their understanding of the essential knowledge defined by the standards for Virginia and United States Government.

Last Updated: 08/17/12 10:26 AM
 
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 1
  DEMONSTRATE MASTERY OF SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS FOR CITIZENSHIP
 

Benchmark 1.a
Analyze Primary and Secondary Source Documents
 
Indicator 1.a.1
Analyze primary and secondary source documents
 

Benchmark 1.b
Create/Interpret Maps, Diagrams, Tables, Charts, Graphs, Spreadsheets
 
Indicator 1.b.1
Create/interpret maps, diagrams, tables, charts, graphs, spreadsheets
 

Benchmark 1.c
Analyze Political Cartoons, Political Ads, Pictures, Graphic Media
 
Indicator 1.c.1
Analyze political cartoons, political ads, pictures, graphic media
 

Benchmark 1.d
Distinguish Between Relevant and Irrelevant Information
 
Indicator 1.d.1
Distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information
 

Benchmark 1.e
Evaluate Information for Accuracy, Separating Fact from Opinion
 
Indicator 1.e.1
Evaluate information for accuracy, separating fact from opinion
 

Benchmark 1.f
Identify Problems, & Their Solutions Using a Decision-Making Model
 
Indicator 1.f.1
Identify problems, & their solutions using a decision-making model
 

Benchmark 1.g
Select and Defend Positions in Writing, Discussion, and Debate
 
Indicator 1.g.1
Select and defend positions in writing, discussion, and debate.
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 2
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF POLITICAL PHILOSOPHIES
 

Benchmark 2.a
Describe the Development of Athenian Democracy and the Roman Republic
 
Indicator 2.a.1
Describe the development of Athenian democracy and the Roman republic
 

Benchmark 2.b
Explain Influence of Earlier Documents on VA & US Constitutional Govts
 
Indicator 2.b.1
Explain the influence of the Magna Carta
 
Indicator 2.b.2
Explain the influence of the English Petition of Right
 
Indicator 2.b.3
Explain the influence of English common law on the US Constitution
 
Indicator 2.b.4
Explain the influence of the English Bill of Rights
 
Indicator 2.b.5
Describe events that led to constitutional government in the US
 

Benchmark 2.c
Identify Arguments for Government by Political Philosophers
 
Indicator 2.c.1
Describe the fundamental principles of major political philosophers
 
Indicator 2.c.2
Cite examples of these philosophical arguments in action
 

Benchmark 2.d
Describe Political Philosophies that Shaped the Formation of US Govt.
 
Indicator 2.d.1
Explain the guarantee of “rights of Englishmen”
 
Indicator 2.d.2
Examine contributions of Mason, Jefferson, and Madison
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 3
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONCEPTS OF DEMOCRACY
 

Benchmark 3.a
Recognize the Fundamental Worth & Dignity of the Individual
 
Indicator 3.a.1
Recognize the fundamental worth & dignity of the individual
 

Benchmark 3.b
Recognize the Equality of all Citizens under the Law
 
Indicator 3.b.1
Recognize the equality of all citizens under the law
 

Benchmark 3.c
Recognize Majority Rule and Minority Rights
 
Indicator 3.c.1
Recognize majority rule and minority rights
 

Benchmark 3.d
Recognize the Necessity of Compromise
 
Indicator 3.d.1
Recognize the necessity of compromise
 

Benchmark 3.e
Recognize the Freedom of the Individual
 
Indicator 3.e.1
Recognize the freedom of the individual
 

Benchmark 3.f
Analyze Current Events to Recognize Application of Democratic Concepts
 
Indicator 3.f.1
Analyze current events to recognize application of democratic concepts
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 4
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES
 

Benchmark 4.a
Examine the Ratification Debates and The Federalist Papers
 
Indicator 4.a.1
Examine the ratification debates
 
Indicator 4.a.2
Examine the Federalist Papers
 

Benchmark 4.b
Identify the Purposes for Government Stated in the Preamble
 
Indicator 4.b.1
Identify the purposes for government stated in the Preamble
 

Benchmark 4.c
Examine Fundamental Principles Upon Which the Constitution is Based
 
Indicator 4.c.1
Explain the fundamental principle - Consent of the governed
 
Indicator 4.c.2
Examine the fundamental principle - Limited government
 
Indicator 4.c.3
Explain the fundamental principle - Constitutional government
 

Benchmark 4.d
Illustrate National Government Structure - Articles I, II, & III
 
Indicator 4.d.1
Illustrate national government structure - Articles I, II, & III
 

Benchmark 4.e
Describe the Amendment Process
 
Indicator 4.e.1
Describe the amendment process
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 5
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FEDERAL SYSTEM
 

Benchmark 5.a
Explain the Relationship of State Government to National Government
 
Indicator 5.a.1
Explain the relationship of state government to national government
 
Indicator 5.a.2
Explain the powers of the national government
 

Benchmark 5.b
Describe the Extent to Which Power is Shared; Nat'l & State Government
 
Indicator 5.b.1
Describe the extent to which power is shared; nat'l & state government
 

Benchmark 5.c
Identify the Powers Denied to the State and National Governments
 
Indicator 5.c.1
Identify the powers denied state and national governments
 

Benchmark 5.d
Examine Debates About Balance of Power Between State & Nat'l. Govt.
 
Indicator 5.d.1
Examine debates about balance of power between state & nat'l. govt.
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 6
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF LOCAL, STATE, AND NATIONAL ELECTIONS
 

Benchmark 6.a
Describe the Organization, Role, & Constituencies of Political Parties
 
Indicator 6.a.1
Describe the organization, role, & constituencies of political parties
 
Indicator 6.a.2
Describe the constituencies of political parties
 

Benchmark 6.b
Describe the Nomination and Election Process
 
Indicator 6.b.1
Describe the nomination and election process
 

Benchmark 6.c
Examine Campaign Funding and Spending
 
Indicator 6.c.1
Examine campaign funding and spending
 

Benchmark 6.d
Analyze the Various Influences on Elections
 
Indicator 6.d.1
Analyze the various influences on elections
 

Benchmark 6.e
Examine the Impact of Reapportionment & Redistricting on Elections
 
Indicator 6.e.1
Define Reapportionment: Redistribution of seats in a legislative body
 
Indicator 6.e.2
Define Redistricting: Redrawing boundaries of legislative districts
 
Indicator 6.e.3
Define Gerrymandering: Redrawing boundaries to benefit one party
 
Indicator 6.e.4
Examine the impact of reapportionment & redistricting on elections
 

Benchmark 6.f
Identify How Amendments Extend the Right to Vote
 
Indicator 6.f.1
Identify how amendments extend the right to vote
 

Benchmark 6.g
Analyze Voter Turnout
 
Indicator 6.g.1
Analyze voter turnout
 

Benchmark 6.h
Evaluate the Degree to Which Interest Groups Influence Political Life
 
Indicator 6.h.1
Evaluate the degree to which interest groups influence political life
 

Benchmark 6.i
Participate in Simulations of Local, State, and/or National Election
 
Indicator 6.i.1
Participate in simulations of local, state, and/or national election
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 7
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ORGANIZATION/POWERS OF NAT'L GOVT
 

Benchmark 7.a
Examine the Organization, Duties & Powers of the Legislative Branch
 
Indicator 7.a.1
Identify Congress as being a bicameral legislative body
 
Indicator 7.a.2
Describe the organization of the US House of Representatives
 
Indicator 7.a.3
Describe the organization of the US Senate
 
Indicator 7.a.4
Describe characteristics of the members of Congress
 
Indicator 7.a.5
Describe additional information about Congress
 
Indicator 7.a.6
Explain the theories of representation
 
Indicator 7.a.7
Explain the expressed and implied powers of Congress
 

Benchmark 7.b
Explain the Organization, Duties & Powers of the Executive Branch
 
Indicator 7.b.1
Explain the organization of the Executive Branch
 
Indicator 7.b.2
Explain the duties, responsibilities & powers of the Executive Branch
 
Indicator 7.b.3
Identify the requirements to be President and Vice President
 
Indicator 7.b.4
Identify the duties & responsibilities of the executive bureaucracy
 

Benchmark 7.c
Explain the Organization, Duties & Powers of the Judicial Branch
 
Indicator 7.c.1
Describe the organization & responsibilities of the Judicial Branch
 

Benchmark 7.d
Analyze the System of Checks & Balances Between the 3 Branches of Govt
 
Indicator 7.d.1
Analyze the system of checks & balances between the 3 branches of govt
 
Indicator 7.d.2
Analyze checks of the legislative branch
 
Indicator 7.d.3
Analyze checks of the executive branch
 
Indicator 7.d.4
Analyze checks of the judicial branch
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 8
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF ORGANIZATION/POWERS OF STATE/LOCAL GOVT
 

Benchmark 8.a
Examine State & Local Govt Legislative, Executive, & Judicial Branches
 
Indicator 8.a.1
Examine state & local govt legislative, executive, & judicial branches
 
Indicator 8.a.2
Examine the legislative branch of Virginia
 
Indicator 8.a.3
Examine the executive branch of Virginia
 
Indicator 8.a.4
Examine the judicial branch of Virginia
 

Benchmark 8.b
Examine the Structure and Powers of Local Governments
 
Indicator 8.b.1
Examine the structure and powers of local governments
 
Indicator 8.b.2
Recognize that counties are one type of local government
 
Indicator 8.b.3
Recognize that cities and towns are types of local government
 
Indicator 8.b.4
Explain the organization of Fairfax County government
 
Indicator 8.b.5
Recognize that a school board oversees the public schools
 

Benchmark 8.c
Analyze Relationships and Roles of State and Local Governments
 
Indicator 8.c.1
Analyze relationships & roles of state and local governments
 
Indicator 8.c.2
Define Dillon's Rule: All power of local govt is derived from state
 
Indicator 8.c.3
Recognize that counties & cities help implement state laws & programs
 
Indicator 8.c.4
Recognize purpose of regional authorities created by General Assembly
 
Indicator 8.c.5
Recognize purpose of boards & commissions created by the state
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 9
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE PUBLIC POLICY MAKING PROCESS
 

Benchmark 9.a
Examine Different Perspectives on the Role of Government
 
Indicator 9.a.1
Examine different perspectives on the role of government
 
Indicator 9.a.2
Recognize that differences of opinion about govt are due to ideology
 
Indicator 9.a.3
Recognize the three broad categories of political perspectives
 

Benchmark 9.b
Describe How National Govt Influences the Public Agenda and Policy
 
Indicator 9.b.1
Describe how national govt influences the public agenda and policy
 
Indicator 9.b.2
Define Public Policy: Actions taken by the government to meet a need
 
Indicator 9.b.3
Recognize participants in the public policy process
 
Indicator 9.b.4
Recognize what parts participants in the public policy process play
 
Indicator 9.b.5
Describe role of the federal government in forming domestic policy
 

Benchmark 9.c
Describe How State/Local Govt Influence the Public Agenda & Policy
 
Indicator 9.c.1
Describe how state/local govt influence the public agenda & policy
 

Benchmark 9.d
Describe Bureaucracy's Implementation Policy at Each Level of Govt
 
Indicator 9.d.1
Describe purpose & implementation process of government bureaucracy
 
Indicator 9.d.2
Describe the parts of government bureaucracy at each level
 

Benchmark 9.e
Describe How Individuals/Interest Groups/Media Influence Public Policy
 
Indicator 9.e.1
Describe how individuals/interest groups/media influence public policy
 
Indicator 9.e.2
Describe ways individuals influence public policy
 
Indicator 9.e.3
Describe ways interest groups influence public policy
 
Indicator 9.e.4
Describe ways the media influences public opinion
 

Benchmark 9.f
Formulate & Practice a Course of Action to Address Issues
 
Indicator 9.f.1
Formulate & practice a course of action to address issues
 

Benchmark 9.g
Evaluate Effectiveness of Citizen Efforts to Influence Govt Decisions
 
Indicator 9.g.1
Evaluate effectiveness of citizen efforts to influence govt decisions
 
Indicator 9.g.2
Recognize that informed individuals can have impact on policymakers
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 10
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE OPERATION OF THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY
 

Benchmark 10.a
Describe Organization, Jurisdiction, & Proceedings of Federal Courts
 
Indicator 10.a.1
Describe organization, jurisdiction, & proceedings of federal courts
 
Indicator 10.a.2
Describe the types of jurisdiction in the US judicial system
 
Indicator 10.a.3
Describe the jurisdiction of regular federal courts
 

Benchmark 10.b
Examine How John Marshall Established the Supreme Court
 
Indicator 10.b.1
Examine how John Marshall established the Supreme Court
 

Benchmark 10.c
Describe How the Supreme Court Decides Cases
 
Indicator 10.c.1
Describe how the Supreme Court decides cases
 

Benchmark 10.d
Compare the Philosophies of Judicial Activism and Judicial Restraint
 
Indicator 10.d.1
Compare the philosophies of judicial activism and judicial restraint
 

Benchmark 10.e
Evaluate How the Judiciary Influences Public Policy
 
Indicator 10.e.1
Evaluate how the judiciary influences public policy
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 11
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF CIVIL LIBERTIES AND CIVIL RIGHTS
 

Benchmark 11.a
Examine the Bill of Rights, with Emphasis on First Amendment Freedoms
 
Indicator 11.a.1
Examine the Bill of Rights, with emphasis on First Amendment freedoms
 
Indicator 11.a.2
Describe the rights of the accused
 
Indicator 11.a.3
Define Civil Liberties: Freedoms the government may not infringe upon
 

Benchmark 11.b
Analyze Due Process of Law Expressed in the 5th and 14th Amendments
 
Indicator 11.b.1
Analyze due process of law expressed in the 5th and 14th Amendments
 
Indicator 11.b.2
Analyze the two types of due process of law
 

Benchmark 11.c
Explain Selective Incorporation of the Bill of Rights
 
Indicator 11.c.1
Explain selective incorporation of the Bill of Rights
 
Indicator 11.c.2
Explain importance of the 14th Amendment regarding due process rights
 
Indicator 11.c.3
Explain the importance of Amendments 4, 5, 6, & 14 for the accused
 

Benchmark 11.d
Explore the Balance Between Individual Liberties & the Public Interest
 
Indicator 11.d.1
Explore the balance between individual liberties & the public interest
 

Benchmark 11.e
Explain Every Citizen's Right to Be Treated Equally Under the Law
 
Indicator 11.e.1
Explain every citizen's right to be treated equally under the law
 
Indicator 11.e.2
Describe applications of the equal protection principle
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 12
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE ROLE OF US IN A CHANGING WORLD
 

Benchmark 12.a
Describe Nat'l Govt Responsibilities for Foreign Policy/Nat'l Security
 
Indicator 12.a.1
Describe nat'l govt responsibilities for foreign policy/nat'l security
 
Indicator 12.a.2
Describe the foreign policy powers of the President
 
Indicator 12.a.3
Describe the key agencies involved in foreign policy
 
Indicator 12.a.4
Describe foreign policy powers of the Legislative & Judicial branches
 
Indicator 12.a.5
Describe other influences on foreign policy
 

Benchmark 12.b
Assess the Role of National Interest in Foreign Policy & World Peace
 
Indicator 12.b.1
Assess the role of national interest in foreign policy & world peace
 
Indicator 12.b.2
Recognize the necessity of balancing different foreign policy goals
 
Indicator 12.b.3
Analyze the various means to attain US foreign policy goals
 

Benchmark 12.c
Examine the Relationship of Virginia and the US to the Global Economy
 
Indicator 12.c.1
Examine the relationship of Virginia and the US to the global economy
 

Benchmark 12.d
Examine Recent Foreign Policy & Trade Initiatives Since 1980
 
Indicator 12.d.1
Examine recent foreign policy initiatives since 1980
 
Indicator 12.d.2
Examine recent trade agreements
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 13
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF GOVT & ECONOMICS IN OTHER COUNTRIES
 

Benchmark 13.a
Describe the Distribution of Governmental Power
 
Indicator 13.a.1
Describe the distribution of governmental power
 

Benchmark 13.b
Explain the Relationship Between the Legislative & Executive Branches
 
Indicator 13.b.1
Explain the relationship between the legislative & executive branches
 

Benchmark 13.c
Compare the Extent of Participation in the Political Process
 
Indicator 13.c.1
Compare the extent of participation in the political process
 

Benchmark 13.d
Compare the Degree of Government Involvement in Various Economies
 
Indicator 13.d.1
Compare the degree of government involvement in various economies
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 14
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
 

Benchmark 14.a
Identify Basic Economic Questions Encountered by all Economic Systems
 
Indicator 14.a.1
Identify basic economic questions encountered by all economic systems
 

Benchmark 14.b
Compare Free Market, Command & Mixed Economies
 
Indicator 14.b.1
Compare traditional, free market, command & mixed economies
 
Indicator 14.b.2
Describe a traditional economic system
 
Indicator 14.b.3
Describe a free market economic system
 
Indicator 14.b.4
Describe a command economic system
 
Indicator 14.b.5
Describe a mixed economic system
 

Benchmark 14.c
Evaluate Impact of the Government's Role in the Economy
 
Indicator 14.c.1
Evaluate impact of the government's role in the economy
 

Benchmark 14.d
Explain the Relationship Between Economic Freedom & Political Freedoms
 
Indicator 14.d.1
Explain the relationship between economic freedom & political freedoms
 

Benchmark 14.e
Examine Productivity & Standard of Living Measured by Econ Indicators
 
Indicator 14.e.1
Examine productivity & standard of living measured by econ indicators
 
Indicator 14.e.2
Define productivity: The output per unit of input over time
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 15
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF THE UNITED STATES MARKET ECONOMY
 

Benchmark 15.a
Assess Importance: Entrepreneurship, Profit Motive & Econ Independence
 
Indicator 15.a.1
Assess importance: entrepreneurship, profit motive & econ independence
 

Benchmark 15.b
Compare the Types of Business Organizations
 
Indicator 15.b.1
Compare the types of business organizations
 

Benchmark 15.c
Describe the Factors of Production
 
Indicator 15.c.1
Describe the factors of production
 

Benchmark 15.d
Explain the Interaction of Supply and Demand
 
Indicator 15.d.1
Explain the interaction of supply and demand
 

Benchmark 15.e
Illustrate the Circular Flow of Economic Activity
 
Indicator 15.e.1
Illustrate the circular flow of economic activity
 

Benchmark 15.f
Analyze Global Economic Trends & VA/US Relationship to Global Economy
 
Indicator 15.f.1
Analyze global economic trends & VA/US relationship to global economy
 
Indicator 15.f.2
Recognize the impact of advances in technology on the global economy
 
Indicator 15.f.3
Explain how the growth of foreign countries causes prices to increase
 
Indicator 15.f.4
Explain what circumstances create a trade deficit
 
Indicator 15.f.5
Identify the major trading partners of the United States
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 16
  DEMONSTRATE KNOWLEDGE OF GOVERNMENT ROLE IN VA & US ECONOMIES
 

Benchmark 16.a
Analyze the Impact of Fiscal and Monetary Policies on the Economy
 
Indicator 16.a.1
Analyze the impact of fiscal and monetary policies on the economy
 

Benchmark 16.b
Describe Govt-Provided Goods/Services Not Readily Produced by Market
 
Indicator 16.b.1
Describe govt-provided goods/services not readily produced by market
 
Indicator 16.b.2
Describe examples of goods and services provided by the government
 
Indicator 16.b.3
Explain reasons why government provides public goods and services
 

Benchmark 16.c
Examine Issues in the Marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.1
Examine various issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.2
Examine environmental issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.3
Examine property rights issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.4
Examine contract issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.5
Examine consumer rights issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.6
Examine labor-management relations issues in the marketplace
 
Indicator 16.c.7
Examine competition issues in the marketplace
 

Benchmark 16.d
Understanding the Types and Purposes of Taxation
 
Indicator 16.d.1
Understanding the types and purposes of taxation
 
SS.GOVT
Standard 17
  EXPLAIN MEANING OF CITIZENSHIP IN US & RELATION TO CIVIC LIFE
 

Benchmark 17.a
Explain that Citizenship Gives Full Membership in US Government System
 
Indicator 17.a.1
Explain that citizenship gives full membership in US government system
 
Indicator 17.a.2
Describe privileges reserved to citizens
 

Benchmark 17.b
Recognize that US Citizenship is Defined by Shared Beliefs & Values
 
Indicator 17.b.1
Recognize that US citizenship is defined by shared beliefs & values
 

Benchmark 17.c
Describe How Americans are Citizens of Their Locality, State & Nation
 
Indicator 17.c.1
Describe how Americans are citizens of their locality, state & nation
 

Benchmark 17.d
Recognize That Non-citizens Can Become Citizens
 
Indicator 17.d.1
Recognize that non-citizens can become citizens
 

Benchmark 17.e
Explain Thoughtful and Effective Participation in Civic Life
 
Indicator 17.e.1
Explain thoughtful and effective participation in civic life
 

Benchmark 17.f
Demonstrate Knowledge Character Traits Related to Civic Participation
 
Indicator 17.f.1
Demonstrate knowledge character traits related to civic participation


Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)