Career and Technical Ed Curriculum
  Exploring Health Sciences
 

This one-credit course introduces the student to health care careers and develops basic skills common to all health and medical sciences. It is recommended as the first course for other health and medical sciences courses. This course focuses on exploring health careers, communication skills, safety, first aid, and Healthcare Provider CPR. Exploring the Language of Medicine may be taken concurrently with this course.

Last Updated: 07/23/10 04:24 PM
 
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 1
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: PERSONAL QUALITIES & PEOPLE SKILLS
 

Benchmark 1.001
Demonstrate Positive Work Ethic
 
Indicator 1.001.001
Maintain punctual and consistent attendance
 
Indicator 1.001.002
Take direction willingly
 
Indicator 1.001.003
Exhibit motivation to accomplish the task at hand
 

Benchmark 1.002
Demonstrate Integrity
 
Indicator 1.002.001
Identify and abide by laws and workplace policies
 
Indicator 1.002.002
Exhibit honesty and reliability
 

Benchmark 1.003
Demonstrate Teamwork Skills
 
Indicator 1.003.001
Contribute to the success of the team
 
Indicator 1.003.002
Assist others
 
Indicator 1.003.003
Request help when needed
 

Benchmark 1.004
Demonstrate Self-Representation Skills
 
Indicator 1.004.001
Dress appropriately
 
Indicator 1.004.002
Use language and manners suitable for the workplace
 

Benchmark 1.005
Demonstrate Diversity Awareness
 
Indicator 1.005.001
Work in a respectful & friendly manner with all customers & coworkers
 

Benchmark 1.006
Demonstrate Conflict-Resolution Skills
 
Indicator 1.006.001
Negotiate diplomatic solutions to interpersonal & workplace conflicts
 

Benchmark 1.007
Demonstrate Creativity and Resourcefulness
 
Indicator 1.007.001
Contribute new ideas
 
Indicator 1.007.002
Work with initiative
 
Indicator 1.007.003
Deal skillfully and promptly with new situations and obstacles
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 2
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
 

Benchmark 2.008
Demonstrate Effective Speaking and Listening Skills
 
Indicator 2.008.001
Communicate effectively with customers and fellow coworkers
 
Indicator 2.008.002
Comprehend details and follow directions
 
Indicator 2.008.003
Repeat directions or requests to ensure understanding
 

Benchmark 2.009
Demonstrate Effective Reading and Writing Skills
 
Indicator 2.009.001
Read and correctly interpret workplace documents
 
Indicator 2.009.002
Write with clear and correct language, appropriate to audience
 

Benchmark 2.010
Demonstrate Critical-Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
 
Indicator 2.010.001
Analyze and solve problems that arise in completing assigned tasks
 

Benchmark 2.011
Demonstrate Healthy Behaviors and Safety Skills
 
Indicator 2.011.001
Manage personal health
 
Indicator 2.011.002
Follow safety guidelines
 

Benchmark 2.012
Demonstrate an Understanding of Workplace Organizations, Systems, etc.
 
Indicator 2.012.001
Identify “big picture” issues
 
Indicator 2.012.002
Explain one’s role in fulfilling the mission of the workplace
 

Benchmark 2.013
Demonstrate Lifelong-Learning Skills
 
Indicator 2.013.001
Continually acquire new industry-related knowledge
 
Indicator 2.013.002
Improve professional skills to stay current in the field & to advance
 
Indicator 2.013.003
Seek education and experiences that enhance personal growth
 

Benchmark 2.014
Demonstrate Job Acquisition and Advancement Skills
 
Indicator 2.014.001
Prepare to apply for a job
 
Indicator 2.014.002
Seek promotion
 

Benchmark 2.015
Demonstrate Time, Task, and Resource-Management Skills
 
Indicator 2.015.001
Organize and implement a productive plan of work
 
Indicator 2.015.002
Manage resources
 

Benchmark 2.016
Demonstrate Job-Specific Mathematics Skills
 
Indicator 2.016.001
Use mathematical reasoning/processes to accomplish job-specific tasks
 

Benchmark 2.017
Demonstrate Customer-Service Skills
 
Indicator 2.017.001
Address the needs of all customers
 
Indicator 2.017.002
Provide helpful, courteous, and knowledgeable service
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 3
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: TECHNOLOGY KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
 

Benchmark 3.018
Demonstrate Proficiency with Technologies Common to an Occupation
 
Indicator 3.018.001
Select & use technological resources to accomplish work efficiently
 

Benchmark 3.019
Demonstrate Information Technology Skills
 
Indicator 3.019.001
Work with hardware, file-management techniques, and software/programs
 
Indicator 3.019.002
Work with equipment and software appropriate to occupation
 
Indicator 3.019.003
Seek additional technology that might improve work processes/products
 

Benchmark 3.020
Demonstrate an Understanding of Internet Use and Security Issues
 
Indicator 3.020.001
Use the Internet efficiently and ethically for work
 
Indicator 3.020.002
Take measures to avoid Internet security risks
 

Benchmark 3.021
Demonstrate Telecommunications Skills
 
Indicator 3.021.001
Select and use telecommunications devices
 
Indicator 3.021.002
Select and use telecommunications services
 
Indicator 3.021.003
Select and use Web-based applications
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 4
  UNDERSTAND ALL ASPECTS OF INDUSTRY
 

Benchmark 4.022
Examine Planning at Individual Business and Overall Industry Levels
 
Indicator 4.022.001
Develop strategic plans - mission, vision, goals, objectives, etc.
 
Indicator 4.022.002
Work with planning tools
 
Indicator 4.022.003
Anticipate needs for staffing and purchases of equipment and supplies
 
Indicator 4.022.004
Develop plans for training and upgrading of staff
 
Indicator 4.022.005
Forecast market trends
 
Indicator 4.022.006
Develop business plans for entrepreneurial ventures
 

Benchmark 4.023
Explain Management Methods
 
Indicator 4.023.001
Use an organization chart to explain how a chain of command works
 
Indicator 4.023.002
Provide input for strategic plans & communicating the company's vision
 
Indicator 4.023.003
Lead employees in carrying out strategic plans and action plans
 
Indicator 4.023.004
Evaluate employee performance
 
Indicator 4.023.005
Anticipate technology and other major purchasing needs
 
Indicator 4.023.006
Ensure equity and access for employees
 
Indicator 4.023.007
Resolve conflicts
 
Indicator 4.023.008
Develop job descriptions and written policies/procedures
 
Indicator 4.023.009
Identify recruitment procedures, training opportunities, etc.
 
Indicator 4.023.010
Work with professional associations and community outreach efforts
 

Benchmark 4.024
Examine Finance: Decisions, Raising Capital, Expansion, etc.
 
Indicator 4.024.001
Develop budgets
 
Indicator 4.024.002
Prepare financial statements
 
Indicator 4.024.003
Analyze and manage financial transactions and records
 
Indicator 4.024.004
Implement payroll procedures
 
Indicator 4.024.005
Determine and pay taxes
 
Indicator 4.024.006
Identify indirect wage costs
 
Indicator 4.024.007
Make loans and grant credit to customers
 
Indicator 4.024.008
Develop graphs and charts related to company finances
 
Indicator 4.024.009
Identify & implement methods of sustaining profitability of a business
 
Indicator 4.024.010
Manage 401K plans
 
Indicator 4.024.011
Identify sources of capital
 

Benchmark 4.025
Describe Technical and Production Skills for Production Techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.001
Use troubleshooting and problem-solving techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.002
Analyze information to make decisions
 
Indicator 4.025.003
Identify and implement quality assurance techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.004
Employ communication skills (writing, listening, speaking, etc.)
 
Indicator 4.025.005
Participate in team efforts
 
Indicator 4.025.006
Implement projects and new techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.007
Demonstrate basic computer skills
 
Indicator 4.025.008
Employ time management techniques in completing tasks
 
Indicator 4.025.009
Demonstrate ethical behavior and work ethic
 

Benchmark 4.026
Examine Underlying Principles of Technology
 
Indicator 4.026.001
Identify principles of technology an employee should know
 

Benchmark 4.027
Examine Labor Issues: Worker Rights, Labor Unions, etc.
 
Indicator 4.027.001
Identify a variety of labor issues
 

Benchmark 4.028
Describe Community Issues
 
Indicator 4.028.001
Explain the impacts of community issues on business
 
Indicator 4.028.002
Identify methods used by business to become involved in the community
 

Benchmark 4.029
Examine Concepts of Health, Safety & Environmental Issues
 
Indicator 4.029.001
Describe concepts related to health issues
 
Indicator 4.029.002
Describe concepts related to safety issues
 
Indicator 4.029.003
Describe concepts related to environmental issues
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 5
  ADDRESS ELEMENTS OF STUDENT LIFE
 

Benchmark 5.022
Identify the Purposes and Goals of the Student Organization
 
Indicator 5.022.001
Identify the purposes of the student organization
 
Indicator 5.022.002
Identify the goals of the student organization
 

Benchmark 5.023
Explain the Benefits and Responsibilities of Organization Membership
 
Indicator 5.023.001
Explain membership benefits of student and civic organizations
 
Indicator 5.023.002
Explain membership responsibilities of student and civic organizations
 

Benchmark 5.024
Demonstrate Leadership Skills Through Participation in Activities
 
Indicator 5.024.001
Participate in activities: meetings, community-service, competitions
 

Benchmark 5.025
Identify Internet Safety Issues & Comply with Acceptable Use Standards
 
Indicator 5.025.001
Identify Internet safety issues
 
Indicator 5.025.002
Identify procedures for complying with acceptable use standards
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 6
  UNDERSTAND THE U.S. HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
 

Benchmark 6.034
Highlight the Major Developments of Health Care History
 
Indicator 6.034.001
Highlight the major developments of health care history
 
Indicator 6.034.002
Evaluate impact of major developments in health care on medical care
 

Benchmark 6.035
Differentiate Among the Types of Health Insurance
 
Indicator 6.035.001
Differentiate among the types of health insurance
 

Benchmark 6.036
Differentiate Among the Types of Medical Care Delivery Systems
 
Indicator 6.036.001
Differentiate among the types of medical care delivery systems
 

Benchmark 6.037
Describe the Roles and Responsibilities of Health Care Team Members
 
Indicator 6.037.001
Describe the roles and responsibilities of health care team members
 

Benchmark 6.038
Differentiate Among the Scope & Roles of Virginia's Health Departments
 
Indicator 6.038.001
Compare & contrast the scope & functions of Virginia's Health Depts.
 

Benchmark 6.039
Examine the Impact of the Internet on the Health Care Industry
 
Indicator 6.039.001
Examine the Internet's impact on the health care industry & consumers
 
Indicator 6.039.002
Analyze the effects of making online health-related purchases
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 7
  LEARN BASIC HEALTH CARE TERMINOLOGY
 

Benchmark 7.040
Identify Common Medical Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes & Their Meanings
 
Indicator 7.040.001
Divide medical terms into prefixes, suffixes, and roots
 
Indicator 7.040.002
Identify the origin of each prefix, suffix, and root
 
Indicator 7.040.003
Identify the meaning of each prefix, suffix, and root
 

Benchmark 7.041
Describe How Word Parts are Combined to Form Medical Terms
 
Indicator 7.041.001
Build medical terms from word parts
 
Indicator 7.041.002
Separate longer medical terms into roots, prefixes, and suffixes
 
Indicator 7.041.003
Show how and why combining forms may vary slightly in spelling
 

Benchmark 7.042
Interpret Common Abbreviations Used in the Health Care Field
 
Indicator 7.042.001
Provide the meanings of common abbreviations, symbols, and acronyms
 

Benchmark 7.043
Identify Terminology That Relates to the Body's Elements and Systems
 
Indicator 7.043.001
Define, spell, and pronounce common medical conditions
 
Indicator 7.043.002
Define, spell, and pronounce terms for anatomical reference
 
Indicator 7.043.003
Define, spell, and pronounce structural units
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 8
  UNDERSTAND ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
 

Benchmark 8.044
Identify Basic Anatomical Structure and Body Cavities
 
Indicator 8.044.001
Identify each body system
 
Indicator 8.044.002
Locate the dorsal cavity and identify its contents
 
Indicator 8.044.003
Locate the ventral cavity and identify its contents
 

Benchmark 8.045
Define the Planes of the Body
 
Indicator 8.045.001
Locate the coronal plane of the body and explain its function
 
Indicator 8.045.002
Locate the transverse plane of the body and explain its function
 
Indicator 8.045.003
Locate the sagittal plane of the body and explain its function
 

Benchmark 8.046
Identify Chemical Components of the Body
 
Indicator 8.046.001
Explain the structure of a molecule
 
Indicator 8.046.002
Recognize the major electrolytes and the importance of pH to the body
 

Benchmark 8.047
Identify Structures and Functions of the Cell
 
Indicator 8.047.001
Identify the parts of the cell
 
Indicator 8.047.002
Explain the location and function of DNA and RNA within the cell
 
Indicator 8.047.003
Recognize the body’s units of organization from simple to complex
 

Benchmark 8.048
Identify Structures and Functions of Tissues, Membranes, and Glands
 
Indicator 8.048.001
Identify the structures & functions of the four types of body tissues
 
Indicator 8.048.002
Identify the structures and functions of membranes
 
Indicator 8.048.003
Identify the types and functions of glands within the body
 

Benchmark 8.049
Identify Structures and Functions of the Integumentary System
 
Indicator 8.049.001
Name and describe the layers of the skin
 
Indicator 8.049.002
Explain the function of the skin
 

Benchmark 8.050
Identify Structures and Functions of the Skeletal System
 
Indicator 8.050.001
Describe the divisions of the skeletal system
 
Indicator 8.050.002
Identify the types of bones and their functions
 
Indicator 8.050.003
Identify the location and function of major joints
 

Benchmark 8.051
Identify Structures and Functions of the Muscular System
 
Indicator 8.051.001
Identify the structure and function of the three types of muscles
 

Benchmark 8.052
Identify Structures and Functions of Blood
 
Indicator 8.052.001
Recognize that red blood cells carry oxygen to the cells in the body
 
Indicator 8.052.002
Recognize that white blood cells fight infections
 
Indicator 8.052.003
Recognize that platelets (blood clotting cells) help clot blood
 

Benchmark 8.053
Identify Structures and Functions of the Heart
 
Indicator 8.053.001
Identify the structures of the heart: atria, ventricles, valves
 
Indicator 8.053.002
Recognize the function of the heart & the electrical conduction system
 

Benchmark 8.054
Identify Structures and Functions of Blood Vessels & Blood Circulation
 
Indicator 8.054.001
Describe the structure and function of arteries
 
Indicator 8.054.002
Describe the structure and function of veins
 
Indicator 8.054.003
Describe the structure and function of capillaries
 
Indicator 8.054.004
Explain the differences between oxygenated and unoxygenated blood
 

Benchmark 8.055
Identify Structures and Functions of the Lymphatic System
 
Indicator 8.055.001
Identify the structures and functions of the lymphatic system
 

Benchmark 8.056
Explain Immunity and its Relationship with the Lymphatic System
 
Indicator 8.056.001
Recognize that acquired immunity can be natural or artificial
 
Indicator 8.056.002
Recognize that inherited immunity develops before birth
 

Benchmark 8.057
Identify Structures and Functions of the Respiratory System
 
Indicator 8.057.001
Recognize that the nose functions to warm, moisten, and filter air
 
Indicator 8.057.002
Recognize that the pharynx is the passageway for air and food
 
Indicator 8.057.003
Recognize that the larynx functions as the voice box
 
Indicator 8.057.004
Recognize that the trachea & bronchi convey air into the lungs
 
Indicator 8.057.005
Recognize that alveoli are the air sacs where gas exchange occurs
 

Benchmark 8.058
Identify Structures and Functions of the Gastrointestinal System
 
Indicator 8.058.001
Recognize that the mouth & teeth perform mechanical breakdown of food
 
Indicator 8.058.002
Recognize that the esophagus conveys food to the stomach
 
Indicator 8.058.003
Recognize that the stomach churns the food bolus into chyme
 
Indicator 8.058.004
Recognize that the small intestine absorbs food nutrients
 
Indicator 8.058.005
Recognize that the large intestine consolidates waste
 
Indicator 8.058.006
Recognize that the liver serves as a detoxification center
 
Indicator 8.058.007
Recognize that the gallbladder emulsifies fats
 
Indicator 8.058.008
Recognize that the pancreas produces insulin and digestive enzymes
 

Benchmark 8.059
Identify Structures and Functions of the Endocrine System
 
Indicator 8.059.001
Identify the organs of the endocrine system
 
Indicator 8.059.002
Identify the glands of the endocrine system
 
Indicator 8.059.003
Describe the function of the endocrine system
 

Benchmark 8.060
Identify Structures and Functions of the Reproductive System
 
Indicator 8.060.001
Identify the structures & functions of the male reproductive system
 
Indicator 8.060.002
Identify the structures & functions of the female reproductive system
 

Benchmark 8.061
Identify Structures and Functions of the Nervous System
 
Indicator 8.061.001
Recognize the function and structures of the central nervous system
 
Indicator 8.061.002
Recognize the function and structures of the peripheral nervous system
 

Benchmark 8.062
Identify Structures and Functions of the Urinary System
 
Indicator 8.062.001
Recognize that the kidney functions to produce urine
 
Indicator 8.062.002
Recognize that the ureters convey urine from the kidney to the bladder
 
Indicator 8.062.003
Recognize that the bladder functions to hold urine
 
Indicator 8.062.004
Recognize that the urethra conveys urine to the outside of the body
 

Benchmark 8.063
Identify Structures and Functions of the Sensory System
 
Indicator 8.063.001
Correlate the sensory organs with their senses
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 9
  PERFORM MEDICAL LABORATORY PROCEDURES
 

Benchmark 9.064
Describe Specimen Preparation and Handling
 
Indicator 9.064.001
Select the appropriate specimen container(s)
 
Indicator 9.064.002
Accurately label the specimen with the patient’s information
 
Indicator 9.064.003
Use the proper handling procedure per organization
 

Benchmark 9.065
Identify Laboratory Tests, & Procedures Used in Diagnoses & Treatments
 
Indicator 9.065.001
Identify diagnoses of common disorders for each body system
 
Indicator 9.065.002
Identify laboratory tests needed to diagnose & treat common disorders
 
Indicator 9.065.003
Identify procedures used to diagnosis and treat common disorders
 

Benchmark 9.066
Examine Body Fluids & Cells for Bacteria, Parasites and Microorganisms
 
Indicator 9.066.001
Determine the presence of bacteria, parasites & other microorganisms
 

Benchmark 9.067
Analyze the Chemical Content of Fluids and Tissues
 
Indicator 9.067.001
Analyze the chemical content of fluids and tissues
 

Benchmark 9.068
Examine Cells to Determine Quantity and/or to Look for Abnormal Cells
 
Indicator 9.068.001
Examine cells to determine quantity
 
Indicator 9.068.002
Examine cells to look for abnormal cells in blood, fluids and tissues
 

Benchmark 9.069
Assess Lab Finding, Using Sophisticated Laboratory Equipment
 
Indicator 9.069.001
Use automated equipment & various instruments to examine cells
 
Indicator 9.069.002
Analyze specimens to determine composition, state & irregularities
 
Indicator 9.069.003
Compare & contrast automated testing & manual testing of the specimens
 

Benchmark 9.070
Document Results of Laboratory Findings
 
Indicator 9.070.001
Document results of laboratory findings
 

Benchmark 9.071
Relay Lab Results to Physicians
 
Indicator 9.071.001
Relay lab results to physicians with protocol & procedures compliance
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 10
  UNDERSTAND THE ROLE OF NUTRITION IN HEALTH CARE
 

Benchmark 10.072
Identify Nutrients Essential for Optimal Health and Wellness
 
Indicator 10.072.001
Identify the six nutrients essential for health and wellness
 

Benchmark 10.073
Describe the Digestion and Metabolism of Food
 
Indicator 10.073.001
Describe digestion as both a mechanical and a chemical process
 
Indicator 10.073.002
Recognize that nutrient absorption takes place in the small intestine
 
Indicator 10.073.003
Describe metabolism
 

Benchmark 10.074
Describe Dietary Guidelines Recommended for Health Promotion
 
Indicator 10.074.001
Describe the dietary guidelines recommended for health and wellness
 
Indicator 10.074.002
Identify the basic food groups
 

Benchmark 10.075
Identify Principles of Food Management and Safety
 
Indicator 10.075.001
Identify the principles of food management and safety
 

Benchmark 10.076
Explain Basic Dietary Management Techniques
 
Indicator 10.076.001
Explain basic dietary management techniques
 

Benchmark 10.077
Identify Common Medical Conditions Related to Poor Nutrition
 
Indicator 10.077.001
Identify common medical conditions related to poor nutrition
 

Benchmark 10.078
Identify Dietary Patterns Relating to Personal Preferences
 
Indicator 10.078.001
Identify dietary patterns relating to ethnicity/religion/culture
 
Indicator 10.078.002
Identify dietary patterns relating to personal preferences
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 11
  EXPLORE THE FUNDAMENTALS OF PHARMACOLOGY
 

Benchmark 11.079
Identify General Principles of Pharmacology
 
Indicator 11.079.001
Identify the general principles of pharmacology
 

Benchmark 11.080
Describe Sources, Types, and Uses of Common Drugs
 
Indicator 11.080.001
Describe the sources of common drugs
 
Indicator 11.080.002
Describe the types and uses of common drugs
 

Benchmark 11.081
Differentiate Between Generic and Trade Names for Drugs
 
Indicator 11.081.001
Differentiate between generic and trade names for drugs
 
Indicator 11.081.002
Explain the rights given to manufacturers after FDA drug approval
 

Benchmark 11.082
Explain the Importance of Pharmacokinetics
 
Indicator 11.082.001
Explain the importance of pharmacokinetics
 

Benchmark 11.083
Describe the Elements of a Prescription
 
Indicator 11.083.001
Describe the elements of a prescription
 

Benchmark 11.084
Explain Common Abbreviations Used on Prescriptions
 
Indicator 11.084.001
Explain common abbreviations used on prescriptions
 

Benchmark 11.085
Calculate Doses of Medications
 
Indicator 11.085.001
Calculate doses of medications
 

Benchmark 11.086
Identify Various Ways Drugs are Administered
 
Indicator 11.086.001
Identify various ways drugs are administered
 

Benchmark 11.087
Explain the Importance of Drugs and Supplements in Preventive Medicine
 
Indicator 11.087.001
Explain the importance of drugs and supplements in preventive medicine
 

Benchmark 11.088
Comply with Current State and Federal Pharmacy Regulations
 
Indicator 11.088.001
Adhere to and monitor current state regulations of pharmacies
 
Indicator 11.088.002
Adhere to and monitor current federal regulations of pharmacies
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 12
  UNDERSTAND PATIENT CARE
 

Benchmark 12.089
Differentiate Among the Approaches to Health Care
 
Indicator 12.089.001
Compare & contrast approaches to health care for a variety of patients
 

Benchmark 12.090
Explain the Nature and Importance of a Medical History
 
Indicator 12.090.001
Explain the importance of a medical history
 
Indicator 12.090.002
Explain the essential components of a medical history
 

Benchmark 12.091
Examine Concepts of Care Relating to Ethnicity, Religion, Culture
 
Indicator 12.091.001
Examine concepts of care relating to ethnicity, religion, culture
 

Benchmark 12.092
Explain Principles of Effective Verbal and Nonverbal Communication
 
Indicator 12.092.001
Explain the principles of effective verbal and nonverbal communication
 

Benchmark 12.093
Communicate to Establish Therapeutic Relationships
 
Indicator 12.093.001
Communicate to establish therapeutic relationships
 

Benchmark 12.094
Explain the Concept and Importance of the Patient’s Bill of Rights
 
Indicator 12.094.001
Explain the importance of the patient’s right to respectful care
 
Indicator 12.094.002
Explain the importance of the patient’s right to privacy
 
Indicator 12.094.003
Explain the importance of the patient’s right to refusal of care
 
Indicator 12.094.004
Explain the importance of the patient’s right to review their records
 

Benchmark 12.095
Explain the Function and Importance of Advance Directives
 
Indicator 12.095.001
Explain the function and importance of advance health care directives
 

Benchmark 12.096
Examine Concepts of Dealing with Dying, Death, and Grief
 
Indicator 12.096.001
Examine the concepts of dealing with dying, death, and grief
 

Benchmark 12.097
Explain the Concept of Integrated and Holistic Care
 
Indicator 12.097.001
Explain the concept of integrated and holistic care
 
Indicator 12.097.002
Differentiate among the different approaches to health care
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 13
  ENSURE A CLEAN AND SAFE HEALTH CARE ENVIRONMENT
 

Benchmark 13.098
Explain the Concepts of Infection Control and Asepsis
 
Indicator 13.098.001
Explain the concepts of infection control and asepsis
 

Benchmark 13.099
Explain the Chain of Infection
 
Indicator 13.099.001
Define microorganism
 
Indicator 13.099.002
Explain the chain of infection
 

Benchmark 13.100
Demonstrate Hand-Washing Procedures
 
Indicator 13.100.001
Demonstrate hand-washing procedures
 
Indicator 13.100.002
Recognize the use of hand sanitizers as an alternative to hand-washing
 

Benchmark 13.101
Differentiate Between Isolation Techniques
 
Indicator 13.101.001
Explain the Standard Procedures used to reduce disease transmission
 
Indicator 13.101.002
Compare & contrast transmission-based & reverse-isolation techniques
 

Benchmark 13.102
Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and Workplace Practices
 
Indicator 13.102.001
Use personal protective equipment (PPE)
 
Indicator 13.102.002
Use personal protective workplace practices
 

Benchmark 13.103
Describe Policies & Procedures for Handling & Disposing of Materials
 
Indicator 13.103.001
Describe the procedures for handling and disposing of materials
 
Indicator 13.103.002
Identify the basic contents of an exposure control plan
 
Indicator 13.103.003
Explain importance of training in procedures of infectious materials
 

Benchmark 13.104
Explain Sterile Processes
 
Indicator 13.104.001
Explain sterile processes
 

Benchmark 13.105
Identify the Importance of CDC and OSHA Guidelines
 
Indicator 13.105.001
Explain the importance of guidelines from the CDC
 
Indicator 13.105.002
Explain the importance of guidelines from the OSHA
 
Indicator 13.105.003
Compare and contrast the roles of the CDC and OSHA
 

Benchmark 13.106
Explain the Concept & the Rationale of Protocols and Safety Procedures
 
Indicator 13.106.001
Describe a protocol as a set of pre-approved standard procedures
 
Indicator 13.106.002
Describe a procedure/guideline as an individual action
 
Indicator 13.106.003
Explain the relationship between a protocol and a procedure/guideline
 
Indicator 13.106.004
Identify the rationale for using protocols and procedures/guidelines
 

Benchmark 13.107
Identify Emergency Protection Areas and Devices
 
Indicator 13.107.001
Identify emergency protection areas
 
Indicator 13.107.002
Identify emergency protection devices
 

Benchmark 13.108
Explain Methods of Fire Safety
 
Indicator 13.108.001
Explain methods of fire safety
 

Benchmark 13.109
Identify Environmental Hazards
 
Indicator 13.109.001
Describe the role of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
 
Indicator 13.109.002
Recognize environmental hazards
 

Benchmark 13.110
Describe the Principles of Body Mechanics
 
Indicator 13.110.001
Describe principles of body mechanics including good body alignment
 
Indicator 13.110.002
Recognize the importance of teamwork when lifting weight
 

Benchmark 13.111
Explain Radiographic Safety
 
Indicator 13.111.001
Explain radiographic safety
 

Benchmark 13.112
Explain the Importance of Maintaining a Safe & Clean Work Environment
 
Indicator 13.112.001
Explain the importance of maintaining a safe & clean work environment
 
Indicator 13.112.002
Identify potential hazards that may exist in the work environment
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 14
  PERFORM ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS IN THE HEALTH CARE PROFESSION
 

Benchmark 14.113
Explain the Process and Importance of Patient Identification
 
Indicator 14.113.001
Explain the process of patient identification
 
Indicator 14.113.002
Explain the importance of patient identification
 

Benchmark 14.114
Identify the Components of the Medical Chart Record
 
Indicator 14.114.001
Identify the components of the medical chart record
 

Benchmark 14.115
Explain the Purpose of Medical Records
 
Indicator 14.115.001
Keep accurate, complete, and appropriately formatted records
 
Indicator 14.115.002
Assure that files and other collect data are organized at all times
 
Indicator 14.115.003
Maintain both manual & electronic files, including computer databases
 

Benchmark 14.116
Describe the Legal Implications of Medical Records
 
Indicator 14.116.001
Describe the legal implications of medical records
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 15
  HANDLE TRAUMATIC AND MEDICAL EMERGENCIES
 

Benchmark 15.117
Explain Basic Traumatic and Medical Emergency Procedures
 
Indicator 15.117.001
Explain basic traumatic and medical emergency procedures
 

Benchmark 15.118
Identify the Components of Disaster Planning
 
Indicator 15.118.001
Identify the components of disaster planning for natural disasters
 
Indicator 15.118.002
Identify the components of disaster planning for biohazards
 
Indicator 15.118.003
Identify the components of disaster planning for large calamities
 

Benchmark 15.119
Identify Items Found in a Basic Emergency Kit
 
Indicator 15.119.001
Identify items found in a basic emergency kit
 

Benchmark 15.120
Describe Causes, Symptoms & Treatments of Selected Medical Emergencies
 
Indicator 15.120.001
Describe the causes, symptoms, and treatments of medical emergencies
 

Benchmark 15.121
Demonstrate Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) with the AED
 
Indicator 15.121.001
Demonstrate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with the AED
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 16
  EXPLORE BIOTECHNOLOGY CONCEPTS
 

Benchmark 16.122
Explain the Concept of Biotechnology
 
Indicator 16.122.001
Explain the concept of biotechnology
 

Benchmark 16.123
Identify Impacts of Emerging Biotechnology on the Field of Medicine
 
Indicator 16.123.001
Identify the impact of emerging biotechnology on the field of medicine
 

Benchmark 16.124
Describe the Impacts of Biotechnology on Preventive Health Care
 
Indicator 16.124.001
Describe the impacts of biotechnology on preventive health care
 

Benchmark 16.125
Describe the Role Biotechnology Plays in Medical Forensics
 
Indicator 16.125.001
Describe role of biotechnology in medical forensics for investigations
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 17
  EXAMINE PROFESSIONALISM IN THE HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY
 

Benchmark 17.126
Identify the Components of Professionalism
 
Indicator 17.126.001
Identify the components of professionalism
 

Benchmark 17.127
Examine Ethical and Social Issues Related to the Health Care Field
 
Indicator 17.127.001
Examine ethical and social issues regarding technological advances
 
Indicator 17.127.002
Examine ethical and social issues regarding biotechnology
 
Indicator 17.127.003
Examine ethical and social issues regarding marketing efforts
 
Indicator 17.127.004
Examine the media attention related to ethical and social issues
 

Benchmark 17.128
Identify Professional Agencies and Organizations in Health Care
 
Indicator 17.128.001
Identify professional agencies and organizations in health care
 

Benchmark 17.129
Examine Legal Issues Related to the Health Care Field
 
Indicator 17.129.001
Examine legal issues related to the health care field
 

Benchmark 17.130
Explain Confidentiality and its Connection to the HIPAA
 
Indicator 17.130.001
Explain confidentiality and the importance of maintaining it
 
Indicator 17.130.002
Identify types & formats of patient information that are confidential
 
Indicator 17.130.003
Recognize the need to inform patients of their right to privacy
 
Indicator 17.130.004
Explain the role of HIPAA in legally mandating patient privacy
 

Benchmark 17.131
Analyze the Role of the Health Care Industry in Public Health Issues
 
Indicator 17.131.001
Analyze the role of the health care industry in public health issues
 
CTE.EHS
Standard 18
  EXPLORE HEALTH CARE CAREERS AND EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS
 

Benchmark 18.132
Conduct a Self-Assessment to Determine Career Interests in Health Care
 
Indicator 18.132.001
Conduct a self-assessment to determine career interests in health care
 

Benchmark 18.133
Describe the Major Career Fields in Health and Medical Sciences
 
Indicator 18.133.001
Describe the major career fields in health and medical sciences
 

Benchmark 18.134
Explain the Role and Importance of Certifications and Licensure
 
Indicator 18.134.001
Explain the role and importance of certifications and licensure
 

Benchmark 18.135
Explain the Importance of Ongoing Professional Development
 
Indicator 18.135.001
Explain the importance of ongoing professional development
 
Indicator 18.135.002
Identify methods of attaining ongoing training in health care
 

Benchmark 18.136
Research Selected Health Care Career(s)
 
Indicator 18.136.001
Research selected health care career(s)
 

Benchmark 18.137
Identify Job-Seeking Skills
 
Indicator 18.137.001
Prepare a résumé
 
Indicator 18.137.002
Identify the communication skills necessary for a positive interview
 
Indicator 18.137.003
Prepare a cover letter, letter of application, and thank-you letter
 
Indicator 18.137.004
Select appropriate references for prospective employers


Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)