Career and Technical Ed Curriculum
  Criminal Justice 1
 

This course is designed for students who are considering a career in criminal justice.  The course prepares students for career opportunities within the criminal justice system as well as entrance into institutions of higher learning.  Specific areas of training will be provided in criminal law and investigation, security training, communications, emergency response, crimes, search and seizures, arrests, crime prevention, court procedure and police operations.  The program is structured to give students a strong academic background with the skills and knowledge necessary to meet the needs of a career in any of the cited fields.  In addition, experts from various agencies provide in-depth information and experiences.

Last Updated: 07/26/10 12:20 PM
 
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 1
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: PERSONAL QUALITIES & PEOPLE SKILLS
 

Benchmark 1.001
Demonstrate Positive Work Ethic
 
Indicator 1.001.001
Maintain punctual and consistent attendance
 
Indicator 1.001.002
Take direction willingly
 
Indicator 1.001.003
Exhibit motivation to accomplish the task at hand
 

Benchmark 1.002
Demonstrate Integrity
 
Indicator 1.002.001
Identify and abide by laws and workplace policies
 
Indicator 1.002.002
Exhibit honesty and reliability
 

Benchmark 1.003
Demonstrate Teamwork Skills
 
Indicator 1.003.001
Contribute to the success of the team
 
Indicator 1.003.002
Assist others
 
Indicator 1.003.003
Request help when needed
 

Benchmark 1.004
Demonstrate Self-Representation Skills
 
Indicator 1.004.001
Dress appropriately
 
Indicator 1.004.002
Use language and manners suitable for the workplace
 

Benchmark 1.005
Demonstrate Diversity Awareness
 
Indicator 1.005.001
Work in a respectful & friendly manner with all customers & coworkers
 

Benchmark 1.006
Demonstrate Conflict-Resolution Skills
 
Indicator 1.006.001
Negotiate diplomatic solutions to interpersonal & workplace conflicts
 

Benchmark 1.007
Demonstrate Creativity and Resourcefulness
 
Indicator 1.007.001
Contribute new ideas
 
Indicator 1.007.002
Work with initiative
 
Indicator 1.007.003
Deal skillfully and promptly with new situations and obstacles
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 2
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: PROFESSIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
 

Benchmark 2.008
Demonstrate Effective Speaking and Listening Skills
 
Indicator 2.008.001
Communicate effectively with customers and fellow coworkers
 
Indicator 2.008.002
Comprehend details and follow directions
 
Indicator 2.008.003
Repeat directions or requests to ensure understanding
 

Benchmark 2.009
Demonstrate Effective Reading and Writing Skills
 
Indicator 2.009.001
Read and correctly interpret workplace documents
 
Indicator 2.009.002
Write with clear and correct language, appropriate to audience
 

Benchmark 2.010
Demonstrate Critical-Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
 
Indicator 2.010.001
Analyze and solve problems that arise in completing assigned tasks
 

Benchmark 2.011
Demonstrate Healthy Behaviors and Safety Skills
 
Indicator 2.011.001
Manage personal health
 
Indicator 2.011.002
Follow safety guidelines
 

Benchmark 2.012
Demonstrate an Understanding of Workplace Organizations, Systems, etc.
 
Indicator 2.012.001
Identify “big picture” issues
 
Indicator 2.012.002
Explain one’s role in fulfilling the mission of the workplace
 

Benchmark 2.013
Demonstrate Lifelong-Learning Skills
 
Indicator 2.013.001
Continually acquire new industry-related knowledge
 
Indicator 2.013.002
Improve professional skills to stay current in the field & to advance
 
Indicator 2.013.003
Seek education and experiences that enhance personal growth
 

Benchmark 2.014
Demonstrate Job Acquisition and Advancement Skills
 
Indicator 2.014.001
Prepare to apply for a job
 
Indicator 2.014.002
Seek promotion
 

Benchmark 2.015
Demonstrate Time, Task, and Resource-Management Skills
 
Indicator 2.015.001
Organize and implement a productive plan of work
 
Indicator 2.015.002
Manage resources
 

Benchmark 2.016
Demonstrate Job-Specific Mathematics Skills
 
Indicator 2.016.001
Use mathematical reasoning/processes to accomplish job-specific tasks
 

Benchmark 2.017
Demonstrate Customer-Service Skills
 
Indicator 2.017.001
Address the needs of all customers
 
Indicator 2.017.002
Provide helpful, courteous, and knowledgeable service
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 3
  DEVELOP WORKPLACE READINESS SKILLS: TECHNOLOGY KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS
 

Benchmark 3.018
Demonstrate Proficiency with Technologies Common to an Occupation
 
Indicator 3.018.001
Select & use technological resources to accomplish work efficiently
 

Benchmark 3.019
Demonstrate Information Technology Skills
 
Indicator 3.019.001
Work with hardware, file-management techniques, and software/programs
 
Indicator 3.019.002
Work with equipment and software appropriate to occupation
 
Indicator 3.019.003
Seek additional technology that might improve work processes/products
 

Benchmark 3.020
Demonstrate an Understanding of Internet Use and Security Issues
 
Indicator 3.020.001
Use the Internet efficiently and ethically for work
 
Indicator 3.020.002
Take measures to avoid Internet security risks
 

Benchmark 3.021
Demonstrate Telecommunications Skills
 
Indicator 3.021.001
Select and use telecommunications devices
 
Indicator 3.021.002
Select and use telecommunications services
 
Indicator 3.021.003
Select and use Web-based applications
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 4
  UNDERSTAND ALL ASPECTS OF INDUSTRY
 

Benchmark 4.022
Examine Planning at Individual Business and Overall Industry Levels
 
Indicator 4.022.001
Develop strategic plans-mission, vision, goals, objectives, etc.
 
Indicator 4.022.002
Work with planning tools
 
Indicator 4.022.003
Anticipate needs for staffing and purchases of equipment and supplies
 
Indicator 4.022.004
Develop plans for training and upgrading of staff
 
Indicator 4.022.005
Forecast market trends
 
Indicator 4.022.006
Develop business plans for entrepreneurial ventures
 

Benchmark 4.023
Explain Management Methods
 
Indicator 4.023.001
Use an organization chart to explain how a chain of command works
 
Indicator 4.023.002
Provide input for strategic plans & communicating the company's vision
 
Indicator 4.023.003
Lead employees in carrying out strategic plans and action plans
 
Indicator 4.023.004
Evaluate employee performance
 
Indicator 4.023.005
Anticipate technology and other major purchasing needs
 
Indicator 4.023.006
Ensure equity and access for employees
 
Indicator 4.023.007
Resolve conflicts
 
Indicator 4.023.008
Develop job descriptions and written policies/procedures
 
Indicator 4.023.009
Identify recruitment procedures, training opportunities, etc.
 
Indicator 4.023.010
Work with professional associations and community outreach efforts
 

Benchmark 4.024
Examine Finance: Decisions, Raising Capital, Expansion, etc.
 
Indicator 4.024.001
Develop budgets
 
Indicator 4.024.002
Prepare financial statements
 
Indicator 4.024.003
Analyze and manage financial transactions and records
 
Indicator 4.024.004
Implement payroll procedures
 
Indicator 4.024.005
Determine and pay taxes
 
Indicator 4.024.006
Identify indirect wage costs
 
Indicator 4.024.007
Make loans and grant credit to customers
 
Indicator 4.024.008
Develop graphs and charts related to company finances
 
Indicator 4.024.009
Identify & implement methods of sustaining profitability of a business
 
Indicator 4.024.010
Manage 401K plans
 
Indicator 4.024.011
Identify sources of capital
 

Benchmark 4.025
Describe Technical and Production Skills for Production Techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.001
Use troubleshooting and problem-solving techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.002
Analyze information to make decisions
 
Indicator 4.025.003
Identify and implement quality assurance techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.004
Employ communication skills (writing, listening, speaking, etc.)
 
Indicator 4.025.005
Participate in team efforts
 
Indicator 4.025.006
Implement projects and new techniques
 
Indicator 4.025.007
Demonstrate basic computer skills
 
Indicator 4.025.008
Employ time management techniques in completing tasks
 
Indicator 4.025.009
Demonstrate ethical behavior and work ethic
 

Benchmark 4.026
Examine Underlying Principles of Technology
 
Indicator 4.026.001
Identify principles of technology an employee should know
 

Benchmark 4.027
Examine Labor Issues: Worker Rights, Labor Unions, etc.
 
Indicator 4.027.001
Identify a variety of labor issues
 

Benchmark 4.028
Describe Community Issues
 
Indicator 4.028.001
Explain the impacts of community issues on business
 
Indicator 4.028.002
Identify methods used by business to become involved in the community
 

Benchmark 4.029
Examine Concepts of Health, Safety & Environmental Issues
 
Indicator 4.029.001
Describe concepts related to health issues
 
Indicator 4.029.002
Describe concepts related to safety issues
 
Indicator 4.029.003
Describe concepts related to environmental issues
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 5
  ADDRESS ELEMENTS OF STUDENT LIFE
 

Benchmark 5.030
Identify the Purposes and Goals of the Student Organization
 
Indicator 5.030.001
Identify the purposes of the student organization
 
Indicator 5.030.002
Identify the goals of the student organization
 

Benchmark 5.031
Explain the Benefits and Responsibilities of Organization Membership
 
Indicator 5.031.001
Explain membership benefits of student and civic organizations
 
Indicator 5.031.002
Explain membership responsibilities of student and civic organizations
 

Benchmark 5.032
Demonstrate Leadership Skills Through Participation in Activities
 
Indicator 5.032.001
Participate in activities: meetings, community-service, competitions
 

Benchmark 5.033
Identify Internet Safety Issues & Comply with Acceptable Use Standards
 
Indicator 5.033.001
Identify Internet safety issues
 
Indicator 5.033.002
Identify procedures for complying with acceptable use standards
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 6
  PRACTICE SAFETY
 

Benchmark 6.034
Identify Classroom Safety Rules and Procedures
 
Indicator 6.034.001
Refrain from rough or noisy behavior
 
Indicator 6.034.002
Follow the school safety pledge/code/requirements
 
Indicator 6.034.003
Adhere to posted classroom rules
 

Benchmark 6.035
Follow General Safety Procedures
 
Indicator 6.035.001
Handle all weapons and ammunition according to safety procedures
 
Indicator 6.035.002
Handle suspected narcotics according to safety procedures
 
Indicator 6.035.003
Handle transportation/patrol vehicles according to safety procedures
 
Indicator 6.035.004
Use infectious disease barriers properly
 
Indicator 6.035.005
Handle the methods of pathogen contamination using safety procedures
 

Benchmark 6.036
Identify School Safety Policies and Procedures
 
Indicator 6.036.001
Locate and review the school safety handbook and comply with policies
 

Benchmark 6.037
Identify Equipment Safety Rules and Procedures
 
Indicator 6.037.001
Apply safety rules and procedures to the use of equipment
 

Benchmark 6.038
Earn CareerSafe Credentials
 
Indicator 6.038.001
Earn the CareerSafe certification
 

Benchmark 6.039
Cite Causes of Back Injuries and Methods for Preventing Them
 
Indicator 6.039.001
Identify typical causes of back injuries
 
Indicator 6.039.002
Identify methods for preventing back injuries
 

Benchmark 6.040
Cite Slip, Trip, and Fall Injuries and Methods for Preventing Them
 
Indicator 6.040.001
Identify typical causes of slip, trip, and fall injuries
 
Indicator 6.040.002
Identify methods for preventing slip, trip, and fall injuries
 

Benchmark 6.041
Outline the Minimum Physical Fitness Standards
 
Indicator 6.041.001
Identify general physical fitness standards for state and local police
 

Benchmark 6.042
Define "Risk Management"
 
Indicator 6.042.001
Define "risk management"
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 7
  INTRODUCTION TO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
 

Benchmark 7.043
Describe the Elements of the Criminal Justice System
 
Indicator 7.043.001
Identify the elements of the criminal justice system
 
Indicator 7.043.002
Explain the relationship among law enforcement, corrections & courts
 
Indicator 7.043.003
Explain the purpose of the courts
 
Indicator 7.043.004
Identify the goals of law enforcement
 
Indicator 7.043.005
Identify the roles of corrections
 

Benchmark 7.044
Explain the Role of the Criminal Justice System
 
Indicator 7.044.001
Describe the 3 branches of the federal govt and their responsibilities
 
Indicator 7.044.002
Describe the law enforcement agencies under the executive branch
 
Indicator 7.044.003
Describe the branches of state govt and law enforcement courts, etc.
 
Indicator 7.044.004
Describe the organization of local govt and criminal agencies
 
Indicator 7.044.005
Explain the interrelationships among federal, state and local agencies
 

Benchmark 7.045
Describe the Historical Basis of the American Criminal Justice System
 
Indicator 7.045.001
Describe the historical basis of the American criminal justice system
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 8
  PREPARE FOR A CAREER IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE
 

Benchmark 8.046
Describe Occupations Related to Criminal Justice
 
Indicator 8.046.001
Describe the duties and working conditions of entry-level positions
 

Benchmark 8.047
Identify Personal/Professional Ethics Associated with Criminal Justice
 
Indicator 8.047.001
Define professional and ethical standards
 
Indicator 8.047.002
Cite reasons why personnel should be examples of high ethical behavior
 
Indicator 8.047.003
Explain unethical, illegal, or unprofessional conduct
 
Indicator 8.047.004
Discuss "discretionary enforcement"
 
Indicator 8.047.005
Define the principles that define law enforcement as a profession
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 9
  UNDERSTAND THE RULE OF LAW
 

Benchmark 9.048
Differentiate Among Criminal, Civil, and Case Law
 
Indicator 9.048.001
Differentiate among criminal, civil, and case law
 

Benchmark 9.049
Define "Crime"
 
Indicator 9.049.001
Identify the elements of a crime
 

Benchmark 9.050
Identify Felonies and Misdemeanors, Including Traffic Violations
 
Indicator 9.050.001
Explain the legal definitions of felony and misdemeanor
 
Indicator 9.050.002
Identify the classes of felonies and misdemeanors
 
Indicator 9.050.003
Explain how some crimes can be felonies or misdemeanors
 

Benchmark 9.051
Identify Traffic Codes, Criminal Violations Using the Code of Virginia
 
Indicator 9.051.001
Look up a code by definition and by code number
 
Indicator 9.051.002
Use the index for the Code of Virginia
 
Indicator 9.051.003
Acquire a familiarity with the 46.2 and 18.2 series
 
Indicator 9.051.004
Use a CD ROM or Internet as alternate medium for the Code of Virginia
 

Benchmark 9.052
Identify Crimes Against Persons and Crimes Against Property
 
Indicator 9.052.001
Differentiate between crimes against persons & crimes against property
 
Indicator 9.052.002
Identify examples and elements of each type of crime
 
Indicator 9.052.003
Identify felony and misdemeanor crimes
 

Benchmark 9.053
Define "Probable Cause," and Explain How it Might Be Established
 
Indicator 9.053.001
Explain "probable cause" in lay terms
 
Indicator 9.053.002
Explain the exclusionary rule and provide reasons for it
 
Indicator 9.053.003
List the ways probable cause is established
 
Indicator 9.053.004
Relate probable cause and obtaining search warrants
 
Indicator 9.053.005
Relate probable cause and searching without a warrant
 
Indicator 9.053.006
Identify the safeguards to unreasonable searches and seizure
 
Indicator 9.053.007
Explain the placement of probable cause on a continuum of proof
 

Benchmark 9.054
Define "Rules of Evidence" and Explain Their Importance
 
Indicator 9.054.001
Define evidence, material evidence, and chain of evidence
 
Indicator 9.054.002
Explain the importance of maintaining the chain of evidence
 
Indicator 9.054.003
Explain the proper collection, tagging, preservation, etc. of evidence
 
Indicator 9.054.004
Provide the reasons for excluding evidence at a trial
 
Indicator 9.054.005
Explain the meaning of hearsay evidence and its admissibility at trial
 

Benchmark 9.055
Define "Probable Cause to Arrest"
 
Indicator 9.055.001
Provide the legal meaning of probable cause as it relates to arrest
 
Indicator 9.055.002
Explain the way in which probable cause is established for arrest
 
Indicator 9.055.003
Identify the five areas the courts examine to judge probable cause
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 10
  EXPLORE POLICING
 

Benchmark 10.056
Define the Elements of Force Continuum
 
Indicator 10.056.001
Define the force continuum
 
Indicator 10.056.002
Provide the legal meaning of self-defense
 
Indicator 10.056.003
Explain relationship between fear of bodily harm & use of deadly force
 
Indicator 10.056.004
List the tests under the law that justify the use of deadly force
 
Indicator 10.056.005
Explain the conditions under which an office may use deadly force
 
Indicator 10.056.006
Compare the right of police to use deadly force with that of citizens
 

Benchmark 10.057
Describe Factors an Officer must Consider When Faced with Deadly Force
 
Indicator 10.057.001
Describe factors which must be considered before use of deadly force
 

Benchmark 10.058
Describe Standards Required for the Handling and Use of Deadly Weapons
 
Indicator 10.058.001
Describe standards required for the handling and use of deadly weapons
 

Benchmark 10.059
Identify the Responsibilities of Officers Responding to Emergencies
 
Indicator 10.059.001
Identify the responsibilities of officers responding to emergencies
 

Benchmark 10.060
Describe the Purposes of Traffic Regulations
 
Indicator 10.060.001
Describe the purposes and objectives of traffic regulations
 

Benchmark 10.061
Describe the Officer's Roles in Enforcement of Traffic Laws, etc.
 
Indicator 10.061.001
Describe the officer's roles in the enforcement of traffic laws, etc.
 

Benchmark 10.062
Describe Techniques for Vehicle Stops
 
Indicator 10.062.001
Describe techniques for vehicle stops
 

Benchmark 10.063
Identify High-Risk Situations an Officer May Face
 
Indicator 10.063.001
Identify high-risk situations an officer may face
 

Benchmark 10.064
Define "Crime Prevention"
 
Indicator 10.064.001
Define anticipation, recognition, appraisal, and action
 
Indicator 10.064.002
Differentiate between the active and reactive roles of police
 
Indicator 10.064.003
Discuss the desired results of anticipating crime
 
Indicator 10.064.004
Define the reasons for not reporting some crimes
 
Indicator 10.064.005
Implement a plan of action for crime prevention with the community
 
Indicator 10.064.006
Implement a plan to reduce the opportunity for a crime to be committed
 
Indicator 10.064.007
Define the crime triangle: desire, ability, and opportunity
 

Benchmark 10.065
Describe Methods for Protecting Persons
 
Indicator 10.065.001
Describe methods for protecting persons
 

Benchmark 10.066
Describe Methods for Protecting Assets
 
Indicator 10.066.001
Describe methods for protecting assets
 

Benchmark 10.067
Explore the Student's Responsibility when Hearing of Potential Danger
 
Indicator 10.067.001
Explain the student's responsibility when hearing of potential danger
 

Benchmark 10.068
Describe Community Policing
 
Indicator 10.068.001
Describe the SARA model of the Newport News Police Department
 
Indicator 10.068.001
Explain the partnership between police and citizens
 
Indicator 10.068.003
Describe the methods of patrol that encourage community policing
 
Indicator 10.068.004
Identify the history and philosophy of community policing
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 11
  INVESTIGATE A CRIME SCENE
 

Benchmark 11.069
Review the Application of the Fourth Amendment to Search and Seizure
 
Indicator 11.069.001
Differentiate the plain view doctrine and the expectation of privacy
 
Indicator 11.069.002
Explain exigent circumstances
 

Benchmark 11.070
Identify Types of Evidence Associated with Various Crimes
 
Indicator 11.070.001
Explain Locard's Exchange Principle
 
Indicator 11.070.002
Match crimes and their associated evidence
 

Benchmark 11.071
Review Communication Skills for the Crime Scene Investigator
 
Indicator 11.071.001
Review communication techniques for interviewing victims
 
Indicator 11.071.002
Review communication techniques for interviewing witnesses
 
Indicator 11.071.003
Review communication techniques for interviewing suspects
 
Indicator 11.071.004
Review communication techniques for interviewing first responders
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 12
  EXPLORE THE COURTS
 

Benchmark 12.072
Identify the Organizational Structure and Responsibilities of Courts
 
Indicator 12.072.001
Define the different types of courts
 
Indicator 12.072.002
Explain the structure of courts at each level of government in VA
 
Indicator 12.072.003
Identify the primary responsibilities of each court
 
Indicator 12.072.004
Classify examples of cases that are heard in the system of appeals
 

Benchmark 12.073
Define Bail, Arraignment, Preliminary Hearing, Indictment, and Trial
 
Indicator 12.073.001
Explain the purpose of bail
 
Indicator 12.073.002
Describe the procedure of arraignment
 
Indicator 12.073.003
Explain the purpose and procedures of a preliminary hearing
 
Indicator 12.073.004
Recognize the role of the grand jury in a criminal case
 
Indicator 12.073.005
Explain the purpose and procedures of trial
 

Benchmark 12.074
Describe the Roles of the Judge, Bailiff, Prosecuting Attorney, etc.
 
Indicator 12.074.001
Describe the judge's duties at each level of the court system
 
Indicator 12.074.002
Explain the bailiff's duties in court
 
Indicator 12.074.003
Identify the responsibilities of a prosecuting attorney
 
Indicator 12.074.004
Identify the responsibilities of a defense attorney
 
Indicator 12.074.005
Compare and contrast the duties of civil, criminal, and grand juries
 
Indicator 12.074.006
Explain the responsibilities of a jury of one's peers
 

Benchmark 12.075
Describe Professional Demeanor in Court
 
Indicator 12.075.001
Describe professional demeanor in court
 

Benchmark 12.076
Describe the Sentencing Process
 
Indicator 12.076.001
Describe the pre-sentence investigation
 
Indicator 12.076.002
Recognize the judge's discretion in sentencing and statutory mandates
 
Indicator 12.076.003
Compare and contrast the types of sentencing
 
Indicator 12.076.004
Compare concurrent sentence versus consecutive sentence
 
Indicator 12.076.005
Explain the purposes for incarceration
 
Indicator 12.076.006
Define capital crimes
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 13
  APPLY CRIMINAL JUSTICE COMMUNICATION SKILLS
 

Benchmark 13.077
Identify Observation and Surveillance Techniques
 
Indicator 13.077.001
Describe observation and surveillance techniques
 

Benchmark 13.078
Give Clear and Concise Descriptions of Persons, Places, and Incidents
 
Indicator 13.078.001
Use effective observation techniques to provide descriptions
 

Benchmark 13.079
Write a Report Based on Notes
 
Indicator 13.079.001
Emphasize the five Ws
 
Indicator 13.079.002
Review the notes for neatness, grammar, and accuracy
 
Indicator 13.079.003
Write a report reflecting a good organization of notes
 

Benchmark 13.080
Demonstrate Effective Telephone and Radio Techniques
 
Indicator 13.080.001
Follow correct procedures for answering the phone and taking messages
 
Indicator 13.080.002
Follow correct procedures for answering emergency phone & radio calls
 
Indicator 13.080.003
Use correct radio procedures
 
Indicator 13.080.004
Identify the criteria for the acquisition of complete information
 

Benchmark 13.081
Explain the Vital Role of Computers in the Officer's Job
 
Indicator 13.081.001
Explain that computers provide assistance with fingerprinting, etc.
 
CTE.CJ1
Standard 14
  UNDERSTAND JUVENILE JUSTICE
 

Benchmark 14.082
Describe the Scope of Authority of the Juvenile Court of Virginia
 
Indicator 14.082.001
Define juvenile
 
Indicator 14.082.002
Describe the classifications of juveniles in the juvenile court system
 
Indicator 14.082.003
Identify the minimum and maximum ages for adjudication as a juvenile
 
Indicator 14.082.004
Describe the alternatives to disposition available to judges
 

Benchmark 14.083
Identify Constitutional Guarantees Affecting Juveniles
 
Indicator 14.083.001
Identify case law that relates to juveniles taken into custody
 
Indicator 14.083.002
Define parens patriae
 
Indicator 14.083.003
Compare the due process rights of adults to those of juveniles
 
Indicator 14.083.004
Recognize the benefits of formal trials and informal hearings
 

Benchmark 14.084
Outline the Stages of a Typical Juvenile Case: Arrest - Adjudication
 
Indicator 14.084.001
Outline the stages of a typical juvenile case
 

Benchmark 14.085
Describe Dispositions Available Through Juvenile Court
 
Indicator 14.085.001
Describe the variety of dispositions available through Juvenile Court
 

Benchmark 14.086
Explain Procedures for Handling Juveniles' Records
 
Indicator 14.086.001
Explain the procedures for handling juveniles' records


Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)