Career and Technical Ed Curriculum
  Criminal Justice 1

This course is designed for students who are considering a career in criminal justice.  The course prepares students for career opportunities within the criminal justice system as well as entrance into institutions of higher learning.  Specific areas of training will be provided in criminal law and investigation, security training, communications, emergency response, crimes, search and seizures, arrests, crime prevention, court procedure and police operations.  The program is structured to give students a strong academic background with the skills and knowledge necessary to meet the needs of a career in any of the cited fields.  In addition, experts from various agencies provide in-depth information and experiences.

Last Updated: 07/26/10 12:20 PM
Standard 1

Benchmark 1.001
Demonstrate Positive Work Ethic
Indicator 1.001.001
Maintain punctual and consistent attendance
Indicator 1.001.002
Take direction willingly
Indicator 1.001.003
Exhibit motivation to accomplish the task at hand

Benchmark 1.002
Demonstrate Integrity
Indicator 1.002.001
Identify and abide by laws and workplace policies
Indicator 1.002.002
Exhibit honesty and reliability

Benchmark 1.003
Demonstrate Teamwork Skills
Indicator 1.003.001
Contribute to the success of the team
Indicator 1.003.002
Assist others
Indicator 1.003.003
Request help when needed

Benchmark 1.004
Demonstrate Self-Representation Skills
Indicator 1.004.001
Dress appropriately
Indicator 1.004.002
Use language and manners suitable for the workplace

Benchmark 1.005
Demonstrate Diversity Awareness
Indicator 1.005.001
Work in a respectful & friendly manner with all customers & coworkers

Benchmark 1.006
Demonstrate Conflict-Resolution Skills
Indicator 1.006.001
Negotiate diplomatic solutions to interpersonal & workplace conflicts

Benchmark 1.007
Demonstrate Creativity and Resourcefulness
Indicator 1.007.001
Contribute new ideas
Indicator 1.007.002
Work with initiative
Indicator 1.007.003
Deal skillfully and promptly with new situations and obstacles
Standard 2

Benchmark 2.008
Demonstrate Effective Speaking and Listening Skills
Indicator 2.008.001
Communicate effectively with customers and fellow coworkers
Indicator 2.008.002
Comprehend details and follow directions
Indicator 2.008.003
Repeat directions or requests to ensure understanding

Benchmark 2.009
Demonstrate Effective Reading and Writing Skills
Indicator 2.009.001
Read and correctly interpret workplace documents
Indicator 2.009.002
Write with clear and correct language, appropriate to audience

Benchmark 2.010
Demonstrate Critical-Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
Indicator 2.010.001
Analyze and solve problems that arise in completing assigned tasks

Benchmark 2.011
Demonstrate Healthy Behaviors and Safety Skills
Indicator 2.011.001
Manage personal health
Indicator 2.011.002
Follow safety guidelines

Benchmark 2.012
Demonstrate an Understanding of Workplace Organizations, Systems, etc.
Indicator 2.012.001
Identify “big picture” issues
Indicator 2.012.002
Explain one’s role in fulfilling the mission of the workplace

Benchmark 2.013
Demonstrate Lifelong-Learning Skills
Indicator 2.013.001
Continually acquire new industry-related knowledge
Indicator 2.013.002
Improve professional skills to stay current in the field & to advance
Indicator 2.013.003
Seek education and experiences that enhance personal growth

Benchmark 2.014
Demonstrate Job Acquisition and Advancement Skills
Indicator 2.014.001
Prepare to apply for a job
Indicator 2.014.002
Seek promotion

Benchmark 2.015
Demonstrate Time, Task, and Resource-Management Skills
Indicator 2.015.001
Organize and implement a productive plan of work
Indicator 2.015.002
Manage resources

Benchmark 2.016
Demonstrate Job-Specific Mathematics Skills
Indicator 2.016.001
Use mathematical reasoning/processes to accomplish job-specific tasks

Benchmark 2.017
Demonstrate Customer-Service Skills
Indicator 2.017.001
Address the needs of all customers
Indicator 2.017.002
Provide helpful, courteous, and knowledgeable service
Standard 3

Benchmark 3.018
Demonstrate Proficiency with Technologies Common to an Occupation
Indicator 3.018.001
Select & use technological resources to accomplish work efficiently

Benchmark 3.019
Demonstrate Information Technology Skills
Indicator 3.019.001
Work with hardware, file-management techniques, and software/programs
Indicator 3.019.002
Work with equipment and software appropriate to occupation
Indicator 3.019.003
Seek additional technology that might improve work processes/products

Benchmark 3.020
Demonstrate an Understanding of Internet Use and Security Issues
Indicator 3.020.001
Use the Internet efficiently and ethically for work
Indicator 3.020.002
Take measures to avoid Internet security risks

Benchmark 3.021
Demonstrate Telecommunications Skills
Indicator 3.021.001
Select and use telecommunications devices
Indicator 3.021.002
Select and use telecommunications services
Indicator 3.021.003
Select and use Web-based applications
Standard 4

Benchmark 4.022
Examine Planning at Individual Business and Overall Industry Levels
Indicator 4.022.001
Develop strategic plans-mission, vision, goals, objectives, etc.
Indicator 4.022.002
Work with planning tools
Indicator 4.022.003
Anticipate needs for staffing and purchases of equipment and supplies
Indicator 4.022.004
Develop plans for training and upgrading of staff
Indicator 4.022.005
Forecast market trends
Indicator 4.022.006
Develop business plans for entrepreneurial ventures

Benchmark 4.023
Explain Management Methods
Indicator 4.023.001
Use an organization chart to explain how a chain of command works
Indicator 4.023.002
Provide input for strategic plans & communicating the company's vision
Indicator 4.023.003
Lead employees in carrying out strategic plans and action plans
Indicator 4.023.004
Evaluate employee performance
Indicator 4.023.005
Anticipate technology and other major purchasing needs
Indicator 4.023.006
Ensure equity and access for employees
Indicator 4.023.007
Resolve conflicts
Indicator 4.023.008
Develop job descriptions and written policies/procedures
Indicator 4.023.009
Identify recruitment procedures, training opportunities, etc.
Indicator 4.023.010
Work with professional associations and community outreach efforts

Benchmark 4.024
Examine Finance: Decisions, Raising Capital, Expansion, etc.
Indicator 4.024.001
Develop budgets
Indicator 4.024.002
Prepare financial statements
Indicator 4.024.003
Analyze and manage financial transactions and records
Indicator 4.024.004
Implement payroll procedures
Indicator 4.024.005
Determine and pay taxes
Indicator 4.024.006
Identify indirect wage costs
Indicator 4.024.007
Make loans and grant credit to customers
Indicator 4.024.008
Develop graphs and charts related to company finances
Indicator 4.024.009
Identify & implement methods of sustaining profitability of a business
Indicator 4.024.010
Manage 401K plans
Indicator 4.024.011
Identify sources of capital

Benchmark 4.025
Describe Technical and Production Skills for Production Techniques
Indicator 4.025.001
Use troubleshooting and problem-solving techniques
Indicator 4.025.002
Analyze information to make decisions
Indicator 4.025.003
Identify and implement quality assurance techniques
Indicator 4.025.004
Employ communication skills (writing, listening, speaking, etc.)
Indicator 4.025.005
Participate in team efforts
Indicator 4.025.006
Implement projects and new techniques
Indicator 4.025.007
Demonstrate basic computer skills
Indicator 4.025.008
Employ time management techniques in completing tasks
Indicator 4.025.009
Demonstrate ethical behavior and work ethic

Benchmark 4.026
Examine Underlying Principles of Technology
Indicator 4.026.001
Identify principles of technology an employee should know

Benchmark 4.027
Examine Labor Issues: Worker Rights, Labor Unions, etc.
Indicator 4.027.001
Identify a variety of labor issues

Benchmark 4.028
Describe Community Issues
Indicator 4.028.001
Explain the impacts of community issues on business
Indicator 4.028.002
Identify methods used by business to become involved in the community

Benchmark 4.029
Examine Concepts of Health, Safety & Environmental Issues
Indicator 4.029.001
Describe concepts related to health issues
Indicator 4.029.002
Describe concepts related to safety issues
Indicator 4.029.003
Describe concepts related to environmental issues
Standard 5

Benchmark 5.030
Identify the Purposes and Goals of the Student Organization
Indicator 5.030.001
Identify the purposes of the student organization
Indicator 5.030.002
Identify the goals of the student organization

Benchmark 5.031
Explain the Benefits and Responsibilities of Organization Membership
Indicator 5.031.001
Explain membership benefits of student and civic organizations
Indicator 5.031.002
Explain membership responsibilities of student and civic organizations

Benchmark 5.032
Demonstrate Leadership Skills Through Participation in Activities
Indicator 5.032.001
Participate in activities: meetings, community-service, competitions

Benchmark 5.033
Identify Internet Safety Issues & Comply with Acceptable Use Standards
Indicator 5.033.001
Identify Internet safety issues
Indicator 5.033.002
Identify procedures for complying with acceptable use standards
Standard 6

Benchmark 6.034
Identify Classroom Safety Rules and Procedures
Indicator 6.034.001
Refrain from rough or noisy behavior
Indicator 6.034.002
Follow the school safety pledge/code/requirements
Indicator 6.034.003
Adhere to posted classroom rules

Benchmark 6.035
Follow General Safety Procedures
Indicator 6.035.001
Handle all weapons and ammunition according to safety procedures
Indicator 6.035.002
Handle suspected narcotics according to safety procedures
Indicator 6.035.003
Handle transportation/patrol vehicles according to safety procedures
Indicator 6.035.004
Use infectious disease barriers properly
Indicator 6.035.005
Handle the methods of pathogen contamination using safety procedures

Benchmark 6.036
Identify School Safety Policies and Procedures
Indicator 6.036.001
Locate and review the school safety handbook and comply with policies

Benchmark 6.037
Identify Equipment Safety Rules and Procedures
Indicator 6.037.001
Apply safety rules and procedures to the use of equipment

Benchmark 6.038
Earn CareerSafe Credentials
Indicator 6.038.001
Earn the CareerSafe certification

Benchmark 6.039
Cite Causes of Back Injuries and Methods for Preventing Them
Indicator 6.039.001
Identify typical causes of back injuries
Indicator 6.039.002
Identify methods for preventing back injuries

Benchmark 6.040
Cite Slip, Trip, and Fall Injuries and Methods for Preventing Them
Indicator 6.040.001
Identify typical causes of slip, trip, and fall injuries
Indicator 6.040.002
Identify methods for preventing slip, trip, and fall injuries

Benchmark 6.041
Outline the Minimum Physical Fitness Standards
Indicator 6.041.001
Identify general physical fitness standards for state and local police

Benchmark 6.042
Define "Risk Management"
Indicator 6.042.001
Define "risk management"
Standard 7

Benchmark 7.043
Describe the Elements of the Criminal Justice System
Indicator 7.043.001
Identify the elements of the criminal justice system
Indicator 7.043.002
Explain the relationship among law enforcement, corrections & courts
Indicator 7.043.003
Explain the purpose of the courts
Indicator 7.043.004
Identify the goals of law enforcement
Indicator 7.043.005
Identify the roles of corrections

Benchmark 7.044
Explain the Role of the Criminal Justice System
Indicator 7.044.001
Describe the 3 branches of the federal govt and their responsibilities
Indicator 7.044.002
Describe the law enforcement agencies under the executive branch
Indicator 7.044.003
Describe the branches of state govt and law enforcement courts, etc.
Indicator 7.044.004
Describe the organization of local govt and criminal agencies
Indicator 7.044.005
Explain the interrelationships among federal, state and local agencies

Benchmark 7.045
Describe the Historical Basis of the American Criminal Justice System
Indicator 7.045.001
Describe the historical basis of the American criminal justice system
Standard 8

Benchmark 8.046
Describe Occupations Related to Criminal Justice
Indicator 8.046.001
Describe the duties and working conditions of entry-level positions

Benchmark 8.047
Identify Personal/Professional Ethics Associated with Criminal Justice
Indicator 8.047.001
Define professional and ethical standards
Indicator 8.047.002
Cite reasons why personnel should be examples of high ethical behavior
Indicator 8.047.003
Explain unethical, illegal, or unprofessional conduct
Indicator 8.047.004
Discuss "discretionary enforcement"
Indicator 8.047.005
Define the principles that define law enforcement as a profession
Standard 9

Benchmark 9.048
Differentiate Among Criminal, Civil, and Case Law
Indicator 9.048.001
Differentiate among criminal, civil, and case law

Benchmark 9.049
Define "Crime"
Indicator 9.049.001
Identify the elements of a crime

Benchmark 9.050
Identify Felonies and Misdemeanors, Including Traffic Violations
Indicator 9.050.001
Explain the legal definitions of felony and misdemeanor
Indicator 9.050.002
Identify the classes of felonies and misdemeanors
Indicator 9.050.003
Explain how some crimes can be felonies or misdemeanors

Benchmark 9.051
Identify Traffic Codes, Criminal Violations Using the Code of Virginia
Indicator 9.051.001
Look up a code by definition and by code number
Indicator 9.051.002
Use the index for the Code of Virginia
Indicator 9.051.003
Acquire a familiarity with the 46.2 and 18.2 series
Indicator 9.051.004
Use a CD ROM or Internet as alternate medium for the Code of Virginia

Benchmark 9.052
Identify Crimes Against Persons and Crimes Against Property
Indicator 9.052.001
Differentiate between crimes against persons & crimes against property
Indicator 9.052.002
Identify examples and elements of each type of crime
Indicator 9.052.003
Identify felony and misdemeanor crimes

Benchmark 9.053
Define "Probable Cause," and Explain How it Might Be Established
Indicator 9.053.001
Explain "probable cause" in lay terms
Indicator 9.053.002
Explain the exclusionary rule and provide reasons for it
Indicator 9.053.003
List the ways probable cause is established
Indicator 9.053.004
Relate probable cause and obtaining search warrants
Indicator 9.053.005
Relate probable cause and searching without a warrant
Indicator 9.053.006
Identify the safeguards to unreasonable searches and seizure
Indicator 9.053.007
Explain the placement of probable cause on a continuum of proof

Benchmark 9.054
Define "Rules of Evidence" and Explain Their Importance
Indicator 9.054.001
Define evidence, material evidence, and chain of evidence
Indicator 9.054.002
Explain the importance of maintaining the chain of evidence
Indicator 9.054.003
Explain the proper collection, tagging, preservation, etc. of evidence
Indicator 9.054.004
Provide the reasons for excluding evidence at a trial
Indicator 9.054.005
Explain the meaning of hearsay evidence and its admissibility at trial

Benchmark 9.055
Define "Probable Cause to Arrest"
Indicator 9.055.001
Provide the legal meaning of probable cause as it relates to arrest
Indicator 9.055.002
Explain the way in which probable cause is established for arrest
Indicator 9.055.003
Identify the five areas the courts examine to judge probable cause
Standard 10

Benchmark 10.056
Define the Elements of Force Continuum
Indicator 10.056.001
Define the force continuum
Indicator 10.056.002
Provide the legal meaning of self-defense
Indicator 10.056.003
Explain relationship between fear of bodily harm & use of deadly force
Indicator 10.056.004
List the tests under the law that justify the use of deadly force
Indicator 10.056.005
Explain the conditions under which an office may use deadly force
Indicator 10.056.006
Compare the right of police to use deadly force with that of citizens

Benchmark 10.057
Describe Factors an Officer must Consider When Faced with Deadly Force
Indicator 10.057.001
Describe factors which must be considered before use of deadly force

Benchmark 10.058
Describe Standards Required for the Handling and Use of Deadly Weapons
Indicator 10.058.001
Describe standards required for the handling and use of deadly weapons

Benchmark 10.059
Identify the Responsibilities of Officers Responding to Emergencies
Indicator 10.059.001
Identify the responsibilities of officers responding to emergencies

Benchmark 10.060
Describe the Purposes of Traffic Regulations
Indicator 10.060.001
Describe the purposes and objectives of traffic regulations

Benchmark 10.061
Describe the Officer's Roles in Enforcement of Traffic Laws, etc.
Indicator 10.061.001
Describe the officer's roles in the enforcement of traffic laws, etc.

Benchmark 10.062
Describe Techniques for Vehicle Stops
Indicator 10.062.001
Describe techniques for vehicle stops

Benchmark 10.063
Identify High-Risk Situations an Officer May Face
Indicator 10.063.001
Identify high-risk situations an officer may face

Benchmark 10.064
Define "Crime Prevention"
Indicator 10.064.001
Define anticipation, recognition, appraisal, and action
Indicator 10.064.002
Differentiate between the active and reactive roles of police
Indicator 10.064.003
Discuss the desired results of anticipating crime
Indicator 10.064.004
Define the reasons for not reporting some crimes
Indicator 10.064.005
Implement a plan of action for crime prevention with the community
Indicator 10.064.006
Implement a plan to reduce the opportunity for a crime to be committed
Indicator 10.064.007
Define the crime triangle: desire, ability, and opportunity

Benchmark 10.065
Describe Methods for Protecting Persons
Indicator 10.065.001
Describe methods for protecting persons

Benchmark 10.066
Describe Methods for Protecting Assets
Indicator 10.066.001
Describe methods for protecting assets

Benchmark 10.067
Explore the Student's Responsibility when Hearing of Potential Danger
Indicator 10.067.001
Explain the student's responsibility when hearing of potential danger

Benchmark 10.068
Describe Community Policing
Indicator 10.068.001
Describe the SARA model of the Newport News Police Department
Indicator 10.068.001
Explain the partnership between police and citizens
Indicator 10.068.003
Describe the methods of patrol that encourage community policing
Indicator 10.068.004
Identify the history and philosophy of community policing
Standard 11

Benchmark 11.069
Review the Application of the Fourth Amendment to Search and Seizure
Indicator 11.069.001
Differentiate the plain view doctrine and the expectation of privacy
Indicator 11.069.002
Explain exigent circumstances

Benchmark 11.070
Identify Types of Evidence Associated with Various Crimes
Indicator 11.070.001
Explain Locard's Exchange Principle
Indicator 11.070.002
Match crimes and their associated evidence

Benchmark 11.071
Review Communication Skills for the Crime Scene Investigator
Indicator 11.071.001
Review communication techniques for interviewing victims
Indicator 11.071.002
Review communication techniques for interviewing witnesses
Indicator 11.071.003
Review communication techniques for interviewing suspects
Indicator 11.071.004
Review communication techniques for interviewing first responders
Standard 12

Benchmark 12.072
Identify the Organizational Structure and Responsibilities of Courts
Indicator 12.072.001
Define the different types of courts
Indicator 12.072.002
Explain the structure of courts at each level of government in VA
Indicator 12.072.003
Identify the primary responsibilities of each court
Indicator 12.072.004
Classify examples of cases that are heard in the system of appeals

Benchmark 12.073
Define Bail, Arraignment, Preliminary Hearing, Indictment, and Trial
Indicator 12.073.001
Explain the purpose of bail
Indicator 12.073.002
Describe the procedure of arraignment
Indicator 12.073.003
Explain the purpose and procedures of a preliminary hearing
Indicator 12.073.004
Recognize the role of the grand jury in a criminal case
Indicator 12.073.005
Explain the purpose and procedures of trial

Benchmark 12.074
Describe the Roles of the Judge, Bailiff, Prosecuting Attorney, etc.
Indicator 12.074.001
Describe the judge's duties at each level of the court system
Indicator 12.074.002
Explain the bailiff's duties in court
Indicator 12.074.003
Identify the responsibilities of a prosecuting attorney
Indicator 12.074.004
Identify the responsibilities of a defense attorney
Indicator 12.074.005
Compare and contrast the duties of civil, criminal, and grand juries
Indicator 12.074.006
Explain the responsibilities of a jury of one's peers

Benchmark 12.075
Describe Professional Demeanor in Court
Indicator 12.075.001
Describe professional demeanor in court

Benchmark 12.076
Describe the Sentencing Process
Indicator 12.076.001
Describe the pre-sentence investigation
Indicator 12.076.002
Recognize the judge's discretion in sentencing and statutory mandates
Indicator 12.076.003
Compare and contrast the types of sentencing
Indicator 12.076.004
Compare concurrent sentence versus consecutive sentence
Indicator 12.076.005
Explain the purposes for incarceration
Indicator 12.076.006
Define capital crimes
Standard 13

Benchmark 13.077
Identify Observation and Surveillance Techniques
Indicator 13.077.001
Describe observation and surveillance techniques

Benchmark 13.078
Give Clear and Concise Descriptions of Persons, Places, and Incidents
Indicator 13.078.001
Use effective observation techniques to provide descriptions

Benchmark 13.079
Write a Report Based on Notes
Indicator 13.079.001
Emphasize the five Ws
Indicator 13.079.002
Review the notes for neatness, grammar, and accuracy
Indicator 13.079.003
Write a report reflecting a good organization of notes

Benchmark 13.080
Demonstrate Effective Telephone and Radio Techniques
Indicator 13.080.001
Follow correct procedures for answering the phone and taking messages
Indicator 13.080.002
Follow correct procedures for answering emergency phone & radio calls
Indicator 13.080.003
Use correct radio procedures
Indicator 13.080.004
Identify the criteria for the acquisition of complete information

Benchmark 13.081
Explain the Vital Role of Computers in the Officer's Job
Indicator 13.081.001
Explain that computers provide assistance with fingerprinting, etc.
Standard 14

Benchmark 14.082
Describe the Scope of Authority of the Juvenile Court of Virginia
Indicator 14.082.001
Define juvenile
Indicator 14.082.002
Describe the classifications of juveniles in the juvenile court system
Indicator 14.082.003
Identify the minimum and maximum ages for adjudication as a juvenile
Indicator 14.082.004
Describe the alternatives to disposition available to judges

Benchmark 14.083
Identify Constitutional Guarantees Affecting Juveniles
Indicator 14.083.001
Identify case law that relates to juveniles taken into custody
Indicator 14.083.002
Define parens patriae
Indicator 14.083.003
Compare the due process rights of adults to those of juveniles
Indicator 14.083.004
Recognize the benefits of formal trials and informal hearings

Benchmark 14.084
Outline the Stages of a Typical Juvenile Case: Arrest - Adjudication
Indicator 14.084.001
Outline the stages of a typical juvenile case

Benchmark 14.085
Describe Dispositions Available Through Juvenile Court
Indicator 14.085.001
Describe the variety of dispositions available through Juvenile Court

Benchmark 14.086
Explain Procedures for Handling Juveniles' Records
Indicator 14.086.001
Explain the procedures for handling juveniles' records

Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)