﻿ FCPS Program of Studies
Science Curriculum
Active Physics

Active Physics is a physical science for special population students with weak math skills.  This course has a strong emphasis on experimentation using computers and probeware.  The six units of study include the physics of: sports, medicine, transportation, home, communication and predictions.  The physics content is presented in a problem solving manner to strengthen science and math content knowledge and skills.

Last Updated: 06/23/09 03:41 PM

SCI.ACPH
Standard 1
ACHIEVE A SOLID BASELINE OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Benchmark 1.1
Definition of a System

 Indicator 1.1.1 Identify the applicable components of a system to analyze

 Indicator 1.1.2 Differentiate between open and closed systems

Benchmark 1.2
Conservation Laws

 Indicator 1.2.1 Discuss and apply conservation of energy to real-world examples

 Indicator 1.2.2 Relate a change in momentum to an impulse exerted on an object

 Indicator 1.2.3 Illustrate conservation of momentum in collisions of one-dimension

 Indicator 1.2.4 Apply kinetic and potential energies to real-world transformations

 Indicator 1.2.5 Apply the 1st Law of Thermodynamics to analyze energy transformations

 Indicator 1.2.6 Explain heat flow and entropy using the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics

 Indicator 1.2.7 Apply conservation of charge to explain how objects become charged

Benchmark 1.3
Linear Motion

 Indicator 1.3.1 Solve problems involving velocity, displacement and time

 Indicator 1.3.2 Calculate velocity from experimental displacement and time data

 Indicator 1.3.3 Measure displacement, time and velocity in proper SI units

 Indicator 1.3.4 Distinguish between distance and displacement

 Indicator 1.3.5 Distinguish between speed and velocity

 Indicator 1.3.6 Compare velocities in real world applications

 Indicator 1.3.7 Distinguish between the terms velocity and acceleration

 Indicator 1.3.8 Solve problems involving velocity, time, and acceleration

 Indicator 1.3.9 Calculate acceleration from experimental data

 Indicator 1.3.10 Identify the velocity of an object with zero acceleration

 Indicator 1.3.11 Distinguish between positive and negative accelerations

 Indicator 1.3.12 Construct graphs of linear motion

 Indicator 1.3.13 Identify differences in linear motion using graphs

Benchmark 1.4
Forces and Their Effects

 Indicator 1.4.1 State Newton’s three laws of motion

 Indicator 1.4.2 Apply Newton’s First Law as it relates to the concept of inertia

 Indicator 1.4.3 Solve problems using Newton's Second Law

 Indicator 1.4.4 Demonstrate the velocity of an object with no net force acting on it

 Indicator 1.4.5 Apply Newton’s Second Law to an object moving at constant velocity

 Indicator 1.4.6 Describe an object's motion in a real-world situation

 Indicator 1.4.7 Illustrate that the sum of vector forces on an object = a net force

 Indicator 1.4.8 Solve for frictional force on an object moving at constant velocity

 Indicator 1.4.9 Demonstrate relationship between an object’s weight & frictional force

 Indicator 1.4.10 Apply Newton’s 3rd Law to frictional forces between bodies in motion

 Indicator 1.4.11 Compare the forces of friction between surfaces of different materials

 Indicator 1.4.12 Define centripetal force as it relates to circular motion

 Indicator 1.4.13 Apply Newton's laws of motion to an object in circular motion

 Indicator 1.4.14 Illustrate centripetal motion using force, acceleration, vectors

 Indicator 1.4.15 Experiment with objects moving in a circle; identify centripetal force

 Indicator 1.4.16 Illustrate real-world examples of centripetal force

 Indicator 1.4.17 Apply Newton’s First Law to contrast centrifugal and centripetal force

 Indicator 1.4.18 Investigate fluid properties: density, pressure, buoyancy, etc.

 Indicator 1.4.19 Describe independence of horizontal & vertical motion; predict paths

Benchmark 1.5
Gravity

 Indicator 1.5.1 Compare and contrast the terms mass and weight

 Indicator 1.5.2 Describe acceleration due to gravity and its relationship to weight

 Indicator 1.5.3 Solve problems using weight, acceleration due to gravity, and mass

 Indicator 1.5.4 Relate Newton's Second Law to Fw = mg.

 Indicator 1.5.5 Compare and contrast differing accelerations on mass, weight & motion

 Indicator 1.5.6 Model the inverse square relationship of Law of Universal Gravitation

 Indicator 1.5.7 Classify gravitation as an attractive force

 Indicator 1.5.8 Apply Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation to celestial bodies

 Indicator 1.5.9 Explain the gravitational attractive force between two objects

 Indicator 1.5.10 Express the general and special theories of relativity

 Indicator 1.5.11 Compare & contrast forces between charged objects of known mass

Benchmark 1.6
Electric Current and Circuits

 Indicator 1.6.1 Describe the interactions of positive and negative charges

 Indicator 1.6.2 Demonstrate that voltage provides the energy that drives current

 Indicator 1.6.3 Explain the interaction between current/voltage/resistance using Ohm's

 Indicator 1.6.4 Analyze electric circuits to show the conservation of charge & energy

 Indicator 1.6.5 Construct simple series and parallel circuits with batteries & bulbs

 Indicator 1.6.6 Compare and contrast the nature of series and parallel circuits

 Indicator 1.6.7 Explain the relationship between electric force, charge, and distance

 Indicator 1.6.8 Compare & contrast the electric properties of insulators & conductors

 Indicator 1.6.9 Combine electrical components to construct & draw diagrams of circuits

 Indicator 1.6.10 Use Ohm's Law to measure and analyze current, voltage & power

 Indicator 1.6.11 Apply Ohm’s Law to analyze various electric circuits

 Indicator 1.6.12 Calculate the effective resistance in series and parallel currents

 Indicator 1.6.13 Describe practical applications of circuit design

Benchmark 1.7
Electromagnetic Force

 Indicator 1.7.1 Explain the result of moving electric charges and moving magnets

 Indicator 1.7.2 Create a model of magnetism to explain the location of magnetic fields

 Indicator 1.7.3 Explore the relationship between voltage & current by a changing field

 Indicator 1.7.4 Relate the behavior of fields to explain the operation of devices

Benchmark 1.8
Types of Energy

 Indicator 1.8.1 Describe the relationship between work and energy

 Indicator 1.8.2 Apply the formula for kinetic energy to an object

 Indicator 1.8.3 Illustrate real-world applications of kinetic energy

 Indicator 1.8.4 Apply PE = mgh to determine an object's gravitational potential energy

 Indicator 1.8.5 Illustrate real-world applications of potential energy

 Indicator 1.8.6 Apply the definition of power to real-world examples

 Indicator 1.8.7 Distinguish between work and power

 Indicator 1.8.8 Distinguish between various types of energy

 Indicator 1.8.9 State Einstein's mass-energy equivalence.

Benchmark 1.9
Waves: Nature and Behavior

 Indicator 1.9.1 Compare and contrast mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves

 Indicator 1.9.2 Compare and contrast the nature of longitudinal and transverse waves

 Indicator 1.9.3 Construct models to differentiate transverse & longitudinal waves

 Indicator 1.9.4 Illustrate period, wavelength, and amplitude on a harmonic wave

 Indicator 1.9.5 Differentiate frequency & amplitude with a computer or oscilloscope

 Indicator 1.9.6 Relate waveforms: changes in pitch/loudness to frequency/amplitude

 Indicator 1.9.7 Explain the relationship between energy and frequency

 Indicator 1.9.8 Illustrate the electromagnetic spectrum; relate frequency and color

 Indicator 1.9.9 Compare real-world applications of electromagnetic waves

 Indicator 1.9.10 Apply the ray model of light to show how light waves are reflected

 Indicator 1.9.11 Apply the ray model of light to show & predict the angle of refraction

 Indicator 1.9.12 Use the wave model to explore interference of mechanical waves

 Indicator 1.9.13 Explain the relationship among wavelength, wave speed, and frequency

 Indicator 1.9.14 Explain the Doppler Effect for moving wave sources

 Indicator 1.9.15 With lenses and mirrors, predict the location and nature of images

SCI.ACPH
Standard 2
APPLY SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE & PROCESSES TO MAKE DECISIONS & SOLVE PROBLEMS

Benchmark 2.1
Scientific Explanations

 Indicator 2.1.1 Propose and evaluate various explanations for scientific phenomena

 Indicator 2.1.2 Compare and contrast science and pseudoscience

Benchmark 2.2
Reasons for Investigations

 Indicator 2.2.1 Discuss the achievements of the space program

Benchmark 2.3
Real World Problems

 Indicator 2.3.1 Use real world examples to evaluate energy transformations

 Indicator 2.3.2 Design, build, and test a device to solve a real world problem

Benchmark 2.4
Models

 Indicator 2.4.1 Use equations to model physical phenomena

 Indicator 2.4.2 Use graphical depictions to describe physical phenomena

 Indicator 2.4.3 Generate and analyze a graph using a computer

 Indicator 2.4.4 Use vectors to describe physical quantities and their interactions

 Indicator 2.4.5 Create a device to model a physical system

Benchmark 2.5
Accessing Information

 Indicator 2.5.1 Utilize scientific information from a variety of sources

 Indicator 2.5.2 Use texts and references to gather scientific information

Benchmark 2.6
Mathematics

 Indicator 2.6.1 Calculate the slope of a linear relationship that includes units

 Indicator 2.6.2 Make predictions using interpolation, extrapolation & analysis of data

 Indicator 2.6.3 Interpret various shapes of graphical curves

 Indicator 2.6.4 Use a scientific calculator, computer, and probeware to analyze data

 Indicator 2.6.5 Verify the results of calculations using order of magnitude estimates

 Indicator 2.6.6 Use dimensional analysis in analyzing data and solving problems

SCI.ACPH
Standard 3
COMMUNICATE SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION EFFECTIVELY

Benchmark 3.1
Scientific Communication

 Indicator 3.1.1 Create graphs, charts, and tables to communicate experimental results

 Indicator 3.1.3 Critique a scientific article using logical argumentation

 Indicator 3.1.2 Design presentations that employ current media technologies

 Indicator 3.1.4 Use the Internet to identify an important research subject in physics

Benchmark 3.2
Group Skills

 Indicator 3.2.1 Synthesize various points of view through writing & revising

 Indicator 3.2.2 Debate theories and ideas with peers in group discussions

 Indicator 3.2.3 Collaborate with peers to design presentations

Benchmark 3.3
Defending Scientific Arguments

 Indicator 3.3.1 Express all quantities in SI units

 Indicator 3.3.2 Explain mathematical relationships using graphical analysis

 Indicator 3.3.3 Write a logical conclusion that is supported by experimental evidence

 Indicator 3.3.4 Provide a mathematical rationale for a conclusion

 Indicator 3.3.5 Defend a theory or idea using sound logic based on data and principles

 Indicator 3.3.6 Write and present a formal lab report

 Indicator 3.3.7 Share experimental results with peers for review, analysis, criticism

Benchmark 3.4
Ethical Practices

 Indicator 3.4.1 Cite sources used in conducting investigations

 Indicator 3.4.2 Analyze and evaluate peer research proposals

SCI.ACPH
Standard 4
DESIGN AND CONDUCT SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS

Benchmark 4.1
Research and Plan

 Indicator 4.1.1 Formulate and implement a procedure for testing hypotheses

 Indicator 4.1.2 Analyze scientific sources to develop and refine research hypotheses

Benchmark 4.2

 Indicator 4.2.1 Use lab equipment safely and appropriately

 Indicator 4.2.2 Distinguish: dependent/independent variables, constants, and controls

 Indicator 4.2.3 Review & revise procedures while conducting a scientific investigation

Benchmark 4.3
Gather Data

 Indicator 4.3.1 Perform a lab that uses technology to gather, analyze & display data

 Indicator 4.3.2 Extract useful data for analysis from computer-collected data

 Indicator 4.3.3 Demonstrate proficiency using probeware

Benchmark 4.4
Analyze and Manipulate Data

 Indicator 4.4.1 Analyze data to identify trends and relationships

 Indicator 4.4.2 Analyze experimental errors both quantitatively and qualitatively

 Indicator 4.4.3 Manipulate simulation software to model scientific investigations

Benchmark 4.5
Evaluate

 Indicator 4.5.1 Evaluate what constitutes a valid scientific investigation

 Indicator 4.5.2 Develop models to explain experimental results

 Indicator 4.5.3 Evaluate limitations and propose additional research questions

SCI.ACPH
Standard 5
MAKE CONNECTIONS WITHIN SCIENCE DISCIPLINES AND WITH OTHER DISCIPLINES

Benchmark 5.1
Historical Perspective of Science

 Indicator 5.1.1 Identify scientists' contributions to developing a model of universe

 Indicator 5.1.2 Identify scientists' contributions to study of electricity & magnetism

 Indicator 5.1.3 Identify scientists' contributions to the study of quantum mechanics

 Indicator 5.1.4 Identify scientists' contributions to the study of physics

Benchmark 5.2
Science and Technology

 Indicator 5.2.1 Evaluate the influence of physics principles in understanding problems

 Indicator 5.2.2 Distinguish between science and technology

 Indicator 5.2.3 Determine the physics principles behind various technologies

 Indicator 5.2.4 Evaluate the societal influences on research priorities

 Indicator 5.2.5 Identify a problem that can be solved using new technologies

Benchmark 5.3
Connections With Other Disciplines

 Indicator 5.3.1 Explain how physics is applied in visual art, music or medicine

 Indicator 5.3.2 Discuss the issues faced during the development of the atomic bomb

 Indicator 5.3.3 Evaluate the impact of satellites on weather prediction, etc.

Benchmark 5.4
Evolution of Science

 Indicator 5.4.1 Distinguish between scientific law and scientific theory

 Indicator 5.4.2 Evaluate the impact of new scientific discoveries on existing theories

 Indicator 5.4.3 Trace the development of physical science throughout history

Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)