Science Curriculum
  Active Physics

Active Physics is a physical science for special population students with weak math skills.  This course has a strong emphasis on experimentation using computers and probeware.  The six units of study include the physics of: sports, medicine, transportation, home, communication and predictions.  The physics content is presented in a problem solving manner to strengthen science and math content knowledge and skills.

Last Updated: 06/23/09 03:41 PM
Standard 1

Benchmark 1.1
Definition of a System
Indicator 1.1.1
Identify the applicable components of a system to analyze
Indicator 1.1.2
Differentiate between open and closed systems

Benchmark 1.2
Conservation Laws
Indicator 1.2.1
Discuss and apply conservation of energy to real-world examples
Indicator 1.2.2
Relate a change in momentum to an impulse exerted on an object
Indicator 1.2.3
Illustrate conservation of momentum in collisions of one-dimension
Indicator 1.2.4
Apply kinetic and potential energies to real-world transformations
Indicator 1.2.5
Apply the 1st Law of Thermodynamics to analyze energy transformations
Indicator 1.2.6
Explain heat flow and entropy using the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
Indicator 1.2.7
Apply conservation of charge to explain how objects become charged

Benchmark 1.3
Linear Motion
Indicator 1.3.1
Solve problems involving velocity, displacement and time
Indicator 1.3.2
Calculate velocity from experimental displacement and time data
Indicator 1.3.3
Measure displacement, time and velocity in proper SI units
Indicator 1.3.4
Distinguish between distance and displacement
Indicator 1.3.5
Distinguish between speed and velocity
Indicator 1.3.6
Compare velocities in real world applications
Indicator 1.3.7
Distinguish between the terms velocity and acceleration
Indicator 1.3.8
Solve problems involving velocity, time, and acceleration
Indicator 1.3.9
Calculate acceleration from experimental data
Indicator 1.3.10
Identify the velocity of an object with zero acceleration
Indicator 1.3.11
Distinguish between positive and negative accelerations
Indicator 1.3.12
Construct graphs of linear motion
Indicator 1.3.13
Identify differences in linear motion using graphs

Benchmark 1.4
Forces and Their Effects
Indicator 1.4.1
State Newton’s three laws of motion
Indicator 1.4.2
Apply Newton’s First Law as it relates to the concept of inertia
Indicator 1.4.3
Solve problems using Newton's Second Law
Indicator 1.4.4
Demonstrate the velocity of an object with no net force acting on it
Indicator 1.4.5
Apply Newton’s Second Law to an object moving at constant velocity
Indicator 1.4.6
Describe an object's motion in a real-world situation
Indicator 1.4.7
Illustrate that the sum of vector forces on an object = a net force
Indicator 1.4.8
Solve for frictional force on an object moving at constant velocity
Indicator 1.4.9
Demonstrate relationship between an object’s weight & frictional force
Indicator 1.4.10
Apply Newton’s 3rd Law to frictional forces between bodies in motion
Indicator 1.4.11
Compare the forces of friction between surfaces of different materials
Indicator 1.4.12
Define centripetal force as it relates to circular motion
Indicator 1.4.13
Apply Newton's laws of motion to an object in circular motion
Indicator 1.4.14
Illustrate centripetal motion using force, acceleration, vectors
Indicator 1.4.15
Experiment with objects moving in a circle; identify centripetal force
Indicator 1.4.16
Illustrate real-world examples of centripetal force
Indicator 1.4.17
Apply Newton’s First Law to contrast centrifugal and centripetal force
Indicator 1.4.18
Investigate fluid properties: density, pressure, buoyancy, etc.
Indicator 1.4.19
Describe independence of horizontal & vertical motion; predict paths

Benchmark 1.5
Indicator 1.5.1
Compare and contrast the terms mass and weight
Indicator 1.5.2
Describe acceleration due to gravity and its relationship to weight
Indicator 1.5.3
Solve problems using weight, acceleration due to gravity, and mass
Indicator 1.5.4
Relate Newton's Second Law to Fw = mg.
Indicator 1.5.5
Compare and contrast differing accelerations on mass, weight & motion
Indicator 1.5.6
Model the inverse square relationship of Law of Universal Gravitation
Indicator 1.5.7
Classify gravitation as an attractive force
Indicator 1.5.8
Apply Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation to celestial bodies
Indicator 1.5.9
Explain the gravitational attractive force between two objects
Indicator 1.5.10
Express the general and special theories of relativity
Indicator 1.5.11
Compare & contrast forces between charged objects of known mass

Benchmark 1.6
Electric Current and Circuits
Indicator 1.6.1
Describe the interactions of positive and negative charges
Indicator 1.6.2
Demonstrate that voltage provides the energy that drives current
Indicator 1.6.3
Explain the interaction between current/voltage/resistance using Ohm's
Indicator 1.6.4
Analyze electric circuits to show the conservation of charge & energy
Indicator 1.6.5
Construct simple series and parallel circuits with batteries & bulbs
Indicator 1.6.6
Compare and contrast the nature of series and parallel circuits
Indicator 1.6.7
Explain the relationship between electric force, charge, and distance
Indicator 1.6.8
Compare & contrast the electric properties of insulators & conductors
Indicator 1.6.9
Combine electrical components to construct & draw diagrams of circuits
Indicator 1.6.10
Use Ohm's Law to measure and analyze current, voltage & power
Indicator 1.6.11
Apply Ohm’s Law to analyze various electric circuits
Indicator 1.6.12
Calculate the effective resistance in series and parallel currents
Indicator 1.6.13
Describe practical applications of circuit design

Benchmark 1.7
Electromagnetic Force
Indicator 1.7.1
Explain the result of moving electric charges and moving magnets
Indicator 1.7.2
Create a model of magnetism to explain the location of magnetic fields
Indicator 1.7.3
Explore the relationship between voltage & current by a changing field
Indicator 1.7.4
Relate the behavior of fields to explain the operation of devices

Benchmark 1.8
Types of Energy
Indicator 1.8.1
Describe the relationship between work and energy
Indicator 1.8.2
Apply the formula for kinetic energy to an object
Indicator 1.8.3
Illustrate real-world applications of kinetic energy
Indicator 1.8.4
Apply PE = mgh to determine an object's gravitational potential energy
Indicator 1.8.5
Illustrate real-world applications of potential energy
Indicator 1.8.6
Apply the definition of power to real-world examples
Indicator 1.8.7
Distinguish between work and power
Indicator 1.8.8
Distinguish between various types of energy
Indicator 1.8.9
State Einstein's mass-energy equivalence.

Benchmark 1.9
Waves: Nature and Behavior
Indicator 1.9.1
Compare and contrast mechanical waves and electromagnetic waves
Indicator 1.9.2
Compare and contrast the nature of longitudinal and transverse waves
Indicator 1.9.3
Construct models to differentiate transverse & longitudinal waves
Indicator 1.9.4
Illustrate period, wavelength, and amplitude on a harmonic wave
Indicator 1.9.5
Differentiate frequency & amplitude with a computer or oscilloscope
Indicator 1.9.6
Relate waveforms: changes in pitch/loudness to frequency/amplitude
Indicator 1.9.7
Explain the relationship between energy and frequency
Indicator 1.9.8
Illustrate the electromagnetic spectrum; relate frequency and color
Indicator 1.9.9
Compare real-world applications of electromagnetic waves
Indicator 1.9.10
Apply the ray model of light to show how light waves are reflected
Indicator 1.9.11
Apply the ray model of light to show & predict the angle of refraction
Indicator 1.9.12
Use the wave model to explore interference of mechanical waves
Indicator 1.9.13
Explain the relationship among wavelength, wave speed, and frequency
Indicator 1.9.14
Explain the Doppler Effect for moving wave sources
Indicator 1.9.15
With lenses and mirrors, predict the location and nature of images
Standard 2

Benchmark 2.1
Scientific Explanations
Indicator 2.1.1
Propose and evaluate various explanations for scientific phenomena
Indicator 2.1.2
Compare and contrast science and pseudoscience

Benchmark 2.2
Reasons for Investigations
Indicator 2.2.1
Discuss the achievements of the space program

Benchmark 2.3
Real World Problems
Indicator 2.3.1
Use real world examples to evaluate energy transformations
Indicator 2.3.2
Design, build, and test a device to solve a real world problem

Benchmark 2.4
Indicator 2.4.1
Use equations to model physical phenomena
Indicator 2.4.2
Use graphical depictions to describe physical phenomena
Indicator 2.4.3
Generate and analyze a graph using a computer
Indicator 2.4.4
Use vectors to describe physical quantities and their interactions
Indicator 2.4.5
Create a device to model a physical system

Benchmark 2.5
Accessing Information
Indicator 2.5.1
Utilize scientific information from a variety of sources
Indicator 2.5.2
Use texts and references to gather scientific information

Benchmark 2.6
Indicator 2.6.1
Calculate the slope of a linear relationship that includes units
Indicator 2.6.2
Make predictions using interpolation, extrapolation & analysis of data
Indicator 2.6.3
Interpret various shapes of graphical curves
Indicator 2.6.4
Use a scientific calculator, computer, and probeware to analyze data
Indicator 2.6.5
Verify the results of calculations using order of magnitude estimates
Indicator 2.6.6
Use dimensional analysis in analyzing data and solving problems
Standard 3

Benchmark 3.1
Scientific Communication
Indicator 3.1.1
Create graphs, charts, and tables to communicate experimental results
Indicator 3.1.3
Critique a scientific article using logical argumentation
Indicator 3.1.2
Design presentations that employ current media technologies
Indicator 3.1.4
Use the Internet to identify an important research subject in physics

Benchmark 3.2
Group Skills
Indicator 3.2.1
Synthesize various points of view through writing & revising
Indicator 3.2.2
Debate theories and ideas with peers in group discussions
Indicator 3.2.3
Collaborate with peers to design presentations

Benchmark 3.3
Defending Scientific Arguments
Indicator 3.3.1
Express all quantities in SI units
Indicator 3.3.2
Explain mathematical relationships using graphical analysis
Indicator 3.3.3
Write a logical conclusion that is supported by experimental evidence
Indicator 3.3.4
Provide a mathematical rationale for a conclusion
Indicator 3.3.5
Defend a theory or idea using sound logic based on data and principles
Indicator 3.3.6
Write and present a formal lab report
Indicator 3.3.7
Share experimental results with peers for review, analysis, criticism

Benchmark 3.4
Ethical Practices
Indicator 3.4.1
Cite sources used in conducting investigations
Indicator 3.4.2
Analyze and evaluate peer research proposals
Standard 4

Benchmark 4.1
Research and Plan
Indicator 4.1.1
Formulate and implement a procedure for testing hypotheses
Indicator 4.1.2
Analyze scientific sources to develop and refine research hypotheses

Benchmark 4.2
Design Investigations
Indicator 4.2.1
Use lab equipment safely and appropriately
Indicator 4.2.2
Distinguish: dependent/independent variables, constants, and controls
Indicator 4.2.3
Review & revise procedures while conducting a scientific investigation

Benchmark 4.3
Gather Data
Indicator 4.3.1
Perform a lab that uses technology to gather, analyze & display data
Indicator 4.3.2
Extract useful data for analysis from computer-collected data
Indicator 4.3.3
Demonstrate proficiency using probeware

Benchmark 4.4
Analyze and Manipulate Data
Indicator 4.4.1
Analyze data to identify trends and relationships
Indicator 4.4.2
Analyze experimental errors both quantitatively and qualitatively
Indicator 4.4.3
Manipulate simulation software to model scientific investigations

Benchmark 4.5
Indicator 4.5.1
Evaluate what constitutes a valid scientific investigation
Indicator 4.5.2
Develop models to explain experimental results
Indicator 4.5.3
Evaluate limitations and propose additional research questions
Standard 5

Benchmark 5.1
Historical Perspective of Science
Indicator 5.1.1
Identify scientists' contributions to developing a model of universe
Indicator 5.1.2
Identify scientists' contributions to study of electricity & magnetism
Indicator 5.1.3
Identify scientists' contributions to the study of quantum mechanics
Indicator 5.1.4
Identify scientists' contributions to the study of physics

Benchmark 5.2
Science and Technology
Indicator 5.2.1
Evaluate the influence of physics principles in understanding problems
Indicator 5.2.2
Distinguish between science and technology
Indicator 5.2.3
Determine the physics principles behind various technologies
Indicator 5.2.4
Evaluate the societal influences on research priorities
Indicator 5.2.5
Identify a problem that can be solved using new technologies

Benchmark 5.3
Connections With Other Disciplines
Indicator 5.3.1
Explain how physics is applied in visual art, music or medicine
Indicator 5.3.2
Discuss the issues faced during the development of the atomic bomb
Indicator 5.3.3
Evaluate the impact of satellites on weather prediction, etc.

Benchmark 5.4
Evolution of Science
Indicator 5.4.1
Distinguish between scientific law and scientific theory
Indicator 5.4.2
Evaluate the impact of new scientific discoveries on existing theories
Indicator 5.4.3
Trace the development of physical science throughout history

Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)