Career and Technical Ed Curriculum
  Advanced Information Systems

Advanced Information Systems provides students with the opportunity to develop professional computer and technology skills in a project-oriented and student-centered environment.  Working independently or in teams, students apply problem-solving, decision-making, creative-thinking, and communication skills to relevant, real-life situations through a series of software and peripheral applications.  Instruction in current and emerging information technology includes operating systems, networking and hardware principles, document preparation, presentation tools, spreadsheet analysis and charts preparation, relational database management, technical writing, desktop publishing, copyright issues, and basic web page design.  Upon completion of this course, students will be able to apply technology to analyze and solve problems and to complete technology tasks efficiently and effectively.  The cooperative education (Business Cooperative Internship--679920) method is available for this course.  Students combine classroom instruction and supervised on-the-job training in an approved position with continuing supervision throughout the school year.

Last Updated: 07/26/10 10:25 AM
Standard 1

Benchmark 1.001
Demonstrate Positive Work Ethic
Indicator 1.001.001
Maintain punctual and consistent attendance
Indicator 1.001.002
Take direction willingly
Indicator 1.001.003
Exhibit motivation to accomplish the task at hand

Benchmark 1.002
Demonstrate Integrity
Indicator 1.002.001
Identify and abide by laws and workplace policies
Indicator 1.002.002
Exhibit honesty and reliability

Benchmark 1.003
Demonstrate Teamwork Skills
Indicator 1.003.001
Contribute to the success of the team
Indicator 1.003.002
Assist others
Indicator 1.003.003
Request help when needed

Benchmark 1.004
Demonstrate Self-Representation Skills
Indicator 1.004.001
Dress appropriately
Indicator 1.004.002
Use language and manners suitable for the workplace

Benchmark 1.005
Demonstrate Diversity Awareness
Indicator 1.005.001
Work in a respectful & friendly manner with all customers & coworkers

Benchmark 1.006
Demonstrate Conflict-Resolution Skills
Indicator 1.006.001
Negotiate diplomatic solutions to interpersonal & workplace conflicts

Benchmark 1.007
Demonstrate Creativity and Resourcefulness
Indicator 1.007.001
Contribute new ideas
Indicator 1.007.002
Work with initiative
Indicator 1.007.003
Deal skillfully and promptly with new situations and obstacles
Standard 2

Benchmark 2.008
Demonstrate Effective Speaking and Listening Skills
Indicator 2.008.001
Communicate effectively with customers and fellow coworkers
Indicator 2.008.002
Comprehend details and follow directions
Indicator 2.008.003
Repeat directions or requests to ensure understanding

Benchmark 2.009
Demonstrate Effective Reading and Writing Skills
Indicator 2.009.001
Read and correctly interpret workplace documents
Indicator 2.009.002
Write with clear and correct language, appropriate to audience

Benchmark 2.010
Demonstrate Critical-Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills
Indicator 2.010.001
Analyze and solve problems that arise in completing assigned tasks

Benchmark 2.011
Demonstrate Healthy Behaviors and Safety Skills
Indicator 2.011.001
Manage personal health
Indicator 2.011.002
Follow safety guidelines

Benchmark 2.012
Demonstrate an Understanding of Workplace Organizations, Systems, etc.
Indicator 2.012.001
Identify “big picture” issues
Indicator 2.012.002
Explain one’s role in fulfilling the mission of the workplace

Benchmark 2.013
Demonstrate Lifelong-Learning Skills
Indicator 2.013.001
Continually acquire new industry-related knowledge
Indicator 2.013.002
Improve professional skills to stay current in the field & to advance
Indicator 2.013.003
Seek education and experiences that enhance personal growth

Benchmark 2.014
Demonstrate Job Acquisition and Advancement Skills
Indicator 2.014.001
Prepare to apply for a job
Indicator 2.014.002
Seek promotion

Benchmark 2.015
Demonstrate Time, Task, and Resource-Management Skills
Indicator 2.015.001
Organize and implement a productive plan of work
Indicator 2.015.002
Manage resources

Benchmark 2.016
Demonstrate Job-Specific Mathematics Skills
Indicator 2.016.001
Use mathematical reasoning/processes to accomplish job-specific tasks

Benchmark 2.017
Demonstrate Customer-Service Skills
Indicator 2.017.001
Address the needs of all customers
Indicator 2.017.002
Provide helpful, courteous, and knowledgeable service
Standard 3

Benchmark 3.018
Demonstrate Proficiency with Technologies Common to an Occupation
Indicator 3.018.001
Select & use technological resources to accomplish work efficiently

Benchmark 3.019
Demonstrate Information Technology Skills
Indicator 3.019.001
Work with hardware, file-management techniques, and software/programs
Indicator 3.019.002
Work with equipment and software appropriate to occupation
Indicator 3.019.003
Seek additional technology that might improve work processes/products

Benchmark 3.020
Demonstrate an Understanding of Internet Use and Security Issues
Indicator 3.020.001
Use the Internet efficiently and ethically for work
Indicator 3.020.002
Take measures to avoid Internet security risks

Benchmark 3.021
Demonstrate Telecommunications Skills
Indicator 3.021.001
Select and use telecommunications devices
Indicator 3.021.002
Select and use telecommunications services
Indicator 3.021.003
Select and use Web-based applications
Standard 4

Benchmark 4.022
Examine Planning at Individual Business and Overall Industry Levels
Indicator 4.022.001
Develop strategic plans-mission, vision, goals, objectives, etc.
Indicator 4.022.002
Work with planning tools
Indicator 4.022.003
Anticipate needs for staffing and purchases of equipment and supplies
Indicator 4.022.004
Develop plans for training and upgrading of staff
Indicator 4.022.005
Forecast market trends
Indicator 4.022.006
Develop business plans for entrepreneurial ventures

Benchmark 4.023
Explain Management Methods
Indicator 4.023.001
Use an organization chart to explain how a chain of command works
Indicator 4.023.002
Use an organization chart to explain how a corporate chain of command
Indicator 4.023.003
Lead employees in carrying out strategic plans and action plans
Indicator 4.023.004
Evaluate employee performance
Indicator 4.023.005
Anticipate technology and other major purchasing needs
Indicator 4.023.006
Anticipate technology and other major purchasing needs
Indicator 4.023.007
Resolve conflicts
Indicator 4.023.008
Develop job descriptions and written policies/procedures
Indicator 4.023.009
Identify recruitment procedures, training opportunities, etc.
Indicator 4.023.010
Work with professional associations and community outreach efforts

Benchmark 4.024
Examine Finance: Decisions, Raising Capital, Expansion, etc.
Indicator 4.024.001
Develop budgets
Indicator 4.024.002
Prepare financial statements
Indicator 4.024.003
Analyze and manage financial transactions and records
Indicator 4.024.004
Implement payroll procedures
Indicator 4.024.005
Determine and pay taxes
Indicator 4.024.006
Identify indirect wage costs
Indicator 4.024.007
Make loans and grant credit to customers
Indicator 4.024.008
Develop graphs and charts related to company finances
Indicator 4.024.009
Identify & implement methods of sustaining profitability of a business
Indicator 4.024.010
Manage 401K plans
Indicator 4.024.011
Identify sources of capital

Benchmark 4.025
Describe Technical and Production Skills for Production Techniques
Indicator 4.025.001
Use troubleshooting and problem-solving techniques
Indicator 4.025.002
Analyze information to make decisions
Indicator 4.025.003
Identify and implement quality assurance techniques
Indicator 4.025.004
Employ communication skills (writing, listening, speaking, etc.)
Indicator 4.025.005
Participate in team efforts
Indicator 4.025.006
Implement projects and new techniques
Indicator 4.025.007
Demonstrate basic computer skills
Indicator 4.025.008
Employ time management techniques in completing tasks
Indicator 4.025.009
Demonstrate ethical behavior and work ethic

Benchmark 4.026
Examine Underlying Principles of Technology
Indicator 4.026.001
Identify principles of technology an employee should know

Benchmark 4.027
Examine Labor Issues: Worker Rights, Labor Unions, etc.
Indicator 4.027.001
Identify a variety of labor issues

Benchmark 4.028
Describe Community Issues
Indicator 4.028.001
Explain the impacts of community issues on business
Indicator 4.028.002
Identify methods used by business to become involved in the community

Benchmark 4.029
Examine Concepts of Health, Safety & Environmental Issues
Indicator 4.029.001
Describe concepts related to health issues
Indicator 4.029.002
Describe concepts related to safety issues
Indicator 4.029.003
Describe concepts related to environmental issues
Standard 5

Benchmark 5.030
Identify the Purposes and Goals of the Student Organization
Indicator 5.030.001
Identify the purposes of the student organization
Indicator 5.030.002
Identify the goals of the student organization

Benchmark 5.031
Explain the Benefits and Responsibilities of Organization Membership
Indicator 5.031.001
Explain membership benefits of student and civic organizations
Indicator 5.031.002
Explain membership responsibilities of student and civic organizations

Benchmark 5.032
Demonstrate Leadership Skills Through Participation in Activities
Indicator 5.032.001
Participate in activities: meetings, community-service, competitions

Benchmark 5.033
Identify Internet Safety Issues & Comply with Acceptable Use Standards
Indicator 5.033.001
Identify Internet safety issues
Indicator 5.033.002
Identify procedures for complying with acceptable use standards
Standard 6

Benchmark 6.034
Compare Advanced Features of a Word Processing Program
Indicator 6.034.001
Analyze advanced features, functions, etc. of word processing software
Indicator 6.034.002
Determine the word processing tools best suited for the given task

Benchmark 6.035
Create Documents Using Advanced Merge Functions
Indicator 6.035.001
Create the data source
Indicator 6.035.002
Create the main document
Indicator 6.035.003
Insert merge fields into the main document
Indicator 6.035.004
Merge data from the data source into the main document

Benchmark 6.036
Produce Documents Incorporating Advanced Features
Indicator 6.036.001
Use advanced word processing features to produce documents

Benchmark 6.037
Create a Professional Document Demonstrating Principles of Design
Indicator 6.037.001
Apply principles of graphic layout and design

Benchmark 6.038
Import Text and Graphics from Other Sources
Indicator 6.038.001
Follow established procedures to import, scale, crop, rotate, etc.

Benchmark 6.039
Integrate a Variety of Software Applications into a Document
Indicator 6.039.001
Link a word-processed document to a database so that it will update

Benchmark 6.040
Create an Online Form with a Word Processing Program
Indicator 6.040.001
Determine the form’s contents
Indicator 6.040.002
Set the form’s fields and parameters
Indicator 6.040.003
Design user data entry options
Indicator 6.040.004
Publish the form
Standard 7

Benchmark 7.041
Compare Features and Functions of a Variety of Spreadsheet Programs
Indicator 7.041.001
Analyze features, functions, etc. in spreadsheet software programs
Indicator 7.041.002
Determine the spreadsheet tools best suited for the current task

Benchmark 7.042
Create a Spreadsheet Using Advanced Formatting Features and Graphics
Indicator 7.042.001
Open a blank spreadsheet in the software program
Indicator 7.042.002
Format rows and columns of the spreadsheet
Indicator 7.042.003
Input and format data (e.g., as text, as number)
Indicator 7.042.004
Save the file

Benchmark 7.043
Use Advanced Formulas and Functions
Indicator 7.043.001
Use advanced formulas and functions to perform complex calculations

Benchmark 7.044
Use Advanced Tools (e.g., Macros, Scenarios, Auditing, etc.)
Indicator 7.044.001
Use advanced tools to manipulate and analyze data in a spreadsheet

Benchmark 7.045
Create and Reformat Complex Graphs
Indicator 7.045.001
Edit the data range
Indicator 7.045.002
Edit the series
Indicator 7.045.003
Combine chart/graph types
Indicator 7.045.004
Edit formatting options

Benchmark 7.046
Analyze, Interpret, and Present Data
Indicator 7.046.001
Review and compare data in a spreadsheet
Indicator 7.046.002
Draw conclusions about information

Benchmark 7.047
Sort and Filter Spreadsheet Data
Indicator 7.047.001
Sort spreadsheet data in ascending or descending order
Indicator 7.047.002
Filter data to display only the rows that meet the criteria specified

Benchmark 7.048
Import and Export Data To and From a Spreadsheet
Indicator 7.048.001
Import data, text, and/or graphics from outside sources
Indicator 7.048.002
Export data, text, and/or graphics to outside sources

Benchmark 7.049
Create Templates
Indicator 7.049.001
Create documents using a variety of templates to enhance the document

Benchmark 7.050
Organize a Large Workbook with Multiple Worksheets
Indicator 7.050.001
Create multiple worksheets
Indicator 7.050.002
Rename and move worksheets
Indicator 7.050.003
Create links among multiple worksheets

Benchmark 7.051
Apply Linear Programming to Optimize Spreadsheet Results
Indicator 7.051.001
Use spreadsheet tools to determine production/purchasing optimization
Standard 8

Benchmark 8.052
Evaluate Features of Various Database Programs
Indicator 8.052.001
Discuss and compare features, functions, etc. of database programs
Indicator 8.052.002
Determine the database features best suited for the current task

Benchmark 8.053
Plan, Design, and Create a Database File with Advanced Features
Indicator 8.053.001
Plan a database by examining requirements
Indicator 8.053.002
Design a database
Indicator 8.053.003
Create a database

Benchmark 8.054
Generate Customized Reports & Forms Using Advanced Formatting Features
Indicator 8.054.001
Create a query to produce a document that displays requested data
Indicator 8.054.002
Use formatting features to modify elements such as font, color, etc.
Indicator 8.054.003
Use graphics such as clip art or photo files to illustrate a report

Benchmark 8.055
Create and Conduct Advanced Queries to Access Information
Indicator 8.055.001
Extract multiple fields from the database
Indicator 8.055.002
Display query results in a report
Indicator 8.055.003
Display query results in a mail merge

Benchmark 8.056
Import and Export Data To and From a Database
Indicator 8.056.001
Import data, text, and/or graphics from outside sources
Indicator 8.056.002
Export data, text, and/or graphics to outside sources
Standard 9

Benchmark 9.057
Research and Organize Information to Build a Multimedia Presentation
Indicator 9.057.001
Gather information to support the subject of the presentation
Indicator 9.057.002
Determine the most logical and effective sequence of the presentation

Benchmark 9.058
Plan and Build Multimedia Presentations, Using Advanced Features
Indicator 9.058.001
Plan a multimedia presentation
Indicator 9.058.002
Build a multimedia presentation

Benchmark 9.059
Utilize Templates and Master Slides in the Design of Presentations
Indicator 9.059.001
Use a presentation template

Benchmark 9.060
Enhance Multimedia Presentation Layout, According to Design Principles
Indicator 9.060.001
Enhance a multimedia presentation layout

Benchmark 9.061
Enhance a Multimedia Presentation With Advanced Features
Indicator 9.061.001
Use the clip art gallery, a scanned picture, etc. to insert graphics
Indicator 9.061.002
Copy and paste graphs/charts or use Graph to create graphs/charts
Indicator 9.061.003
Use the slide sorter view & transition dialog box to set timings, etc.
Indicator 9.061.004
Alter the color scheme and the background

Benchmark 9.062
Incorporate Visual Elements
Indicator 9.062.001
Use a scanner to scan photographs and graphics
Indicator 9.062.002
Use a digital camera to take digital photographs
Indicator 9.062.003
Insert scanned images, digital photographs, and video clips

Benchmark 9.063
Incorporate Audio Elements
Indicator 9.063.001
Insert files that enhance a document or presentation

Benchmark 9.064
Integrate a Variety of Applications Into a Multimedia Presentation
Indicator 9.064.001
Use the multitasking feature by having the applications side-by-side
Indicator 9.064.002
Use the Cut, Copy, and Paste commands, buttons on the toolbars, etc.
Indicator 9.064.003
Use the Insert menu or tab to insert symbols, text boxes, movies, etc.

Benchmark 9.065
Proofread and Edit Multimedia Presentations
Indicator 9.065.001
Check format, mechanics, and clarity of message
Indicator 9.065.002
Analyze the document for effective presentation components

Benchmark 9.066
Create Handouts and Other Visuals
Indicator 9.066.001
Create handouts and other visuals by selecting the desired views
Indicator 9.066.002
Print handouts and other visuals by making the appropriate selections

Benchmark 9.067
Deliver a Multimedia Presentation Using Effective Communication
Indicator 9.067.001
Incorporate appropriate written and oral skills
Indicator 9.067.002
Maintain clarity of content
Indicator 9.067.003
Wear professional attire
Indicator 9.067.004
Maintain good posture
Indicator 9.067.005
Practice effective elocution
Indicator 9.067.006
Use presentation software
Indicator 9.067.007
Keep the presentation within the allotted amount of time

Benchmark 9.068
Critique the Clarity and Effectiveness of Advanced Presentations
Indicator 9.068.001
Critique advanced multimedia presentations
Standard 10

Benchmark 10.069
Gather or Create Documents & Graphics for use in Desktop Publishing
Indicator 10.069.001
Prepare text in exportable format
Indicator 10.069.002
Select appropriate graphics or illustrations
Indicator 10.069.003
Select appropriate font, font size, font style and effects
Indicator 10.069.004
Prepare storyboard/mock-up using prepared text and graphics

Benchmark 10.070
Determine Appropriate Desktop Publishing Products
Indicator 10.070.001
Compare program costs versus program features
Indicator 10.070.002
Select appropriate desktop publishing software based on criteria

Benchmark 10.071
Apply Principles of Design, Layout, and Typography
Indicator 10.071.001
Use appropriate font, white space, column position, page margins, etc.

Benchmark 10.072
Design a Layout for Ease of Readability and Attractiveness
Indicator 10.072.001
Prepare a storyboard/mock-up that uses white space, margins, etc.

Benchmark 10.073
Enhance Appearance of Document Using Desktop Features
Indicator 10.073.001
Use graphic boxes, illustrations, lines, clip art, drop caps & bullets

Benchmark 10.074
Create Templates or Master Pages
Indicator 10.074.001
Identify the characteristics of a master page
Indicator 10.074.002
Create a master page

Benchmark 10.075
Create a Variety of Multi-Page and Multi-Column Documents
Indicator 10.075.001
Create multi-page, multi-column documents by following guidelines

Benchmark 10.076
Demonstrate Use of Keyboard Shortcuts
Indicator 10.076.001
Use keyboard shortcuts from drop-down menus
Indicator 10.076.002
Identify and use function key combinations that provide shortcuts

Benchmark 10.077
Incorporate Original/Imported Text, etc. From a Variety of Sources
Indicator 10.077.001
Use copy/cut and paste to insert/import text, graphics, tables, etc.
Indicator 10.077.002
Drag a file of one type and drop it into a file of another type
Indicator 10.077.003
Use a scanner to scan photographs and graphics
Indicator 10.077.004
Use a digital camera to take digital photographs
Indicator 10.077.005
Save sound as WAV files
Indicator 10.077.006
Insert scanned images, digital photographs, and sound files
Indicator 10.077.007
Download royalty-free graphics and sound clips from the Internet
Indicator 10.077.008
Insert downloaded graphics and sound clips

Benchmark 10.078
Convert a Document to Electronic Format
Indicator 10.078.001
Use software to change a document format to electronic formats
Standard 11

Benchmark 11.079
Evaluate the Various Methods of Web Page Creation
Indicator 11.079.001
Identify software packages, etc. that may be used to create Web pages
Indicator 11.079.002
Review the features of the programs, browsers, and languages
Indicator 11.079.003
Identify the purpose and target audience for a Web page

Benchmark 11.080
Research and Organize Information for a Web Site
Indicator 11.080.001
Research and organize information for a Web site

Benchmark 11.081
Compare the Features/Functions of the Internet, Intranets, Extranets
Indicator 11.081.001
Define/describe the Internet, intranets, and extranets
Indicator 11.081.002
Examine features and functions of each
Indicator 11.081.003
Explore business applications of each

Benchmark 11.082
Plan and Create a Web Site Applying Design Features
Indicator 11.082.001
Write a mission statement that defines the goals of the site
Indicator 11.082.002
Set up a storyboard/mock-up site
Indicator 11.082.003
Establish a hierarchical navigation scheme
Indicator 11.082.004
Use a programming language or a Web page creation software program
Indicator 11.082.005
View pages using a Web browser

Benchmark 11.083
Apply Web Page Design Features
Indicator 11.083.001
Experiment with a variety of applications to produce different effects

Benchmark 11.084
Create Hypertext Links to Other Pages or Sites
Indicator 11.084.001
Create hyperlinks between pages in the Web site and to external links

Benchmark 11.085
Proofread, Edit, and Test a Web Site for Functionality
Indicator 11.085.001
Proofread and edit to achieve correct format, mechanics, and clarity
Indicator 11.085.002
Test links to internal pages and external pages/sites.
Indicator 11.085.003
Test the Web site offline by opening Web pages in various browsers

Benchmark 11.086
Critique a Web Site According to Accepted Web Design Principles
Indicator 11.086.001
Analyze the design/technical elements used in professional Web sites

Benchmark 11.087
Develop a Plan for Posting, Updating, and Maintaining a Web Site
Indicator 11.087.001
Identify a Web site host
Indicator 11.087.002
Decide frequency of updates, content provider, and site maintenance
Indicator 11.087.003
Communicate the plan for posting, updating & maintaining the Web site

Benchmark 11.088
Describe Various Methods of Publicizing and Promoting a New Web Site
Indicator 11.088.001
Present options for promoting a Web site
Standard 12

Benchmark 12.089
Evaluate Workstations, Equipment, Software & Supplies for Design, etc.
Indicator 12.089.001
Analyze design features, usability, ergonomics, and affordability

Benchmark 12.090
Maintain and Upgrade Workstations, Equipment, Software, and Supplies
Indicator 12.090.001
Follow established procedures for boot-up and shut-down of computers
Indicator 12.090.002
Follow established procedures for care of the computer equipment
Indicator 12.090.003
Follow established procedures for use of software
Indicator 12.090.004
Follow established procedures for use & storage of supplies, etc.
Indicator 12.090.005
Install and make upgrades to virus-protection software

Benchmark 12.091
Analyze Software Problems to Obtain Assistance
Indicator 12.091.001
Use references to determine the type of software problem

Benchmark 12.092
Troubleshoot Hardware Problems
Indicator 12.092.001
Use established procedures to resolve hardware problems

Benchmark 12.093
Explore Tools to Manage the Operating Systems
Indicator 12.093.001
Create shortcuts/aliases to software
Indicator 12.093.002
Scan the hard drive for fragmented files and defragment the hard drive
Indicator 12.093.003
Delete temporary files, history of Internet browser, and cookie files

Benchmark 12.094
Demonstrate how to Install Software and Customize Defaults
Indicator 12.094.001
Install software by following the procedures in the reference manual
Indicator 12.094.002
Determine which defaults to change from the original

Benchmark 12.095
Backup/Restore Programs and Data Files
Indicator 12.095.001
Create a backup copy of files, directories, and software programs
Indicator 12.095.002
Replace corrupted or deleted files, directories, and software programs

Benchmark 12.096
Investigate Advanced Desktop Configuration Techniques
Indicator 12.096.001
Investigate advanced configuration management techniques

Benchmark 12.097
Scan Storage Devices for Viruses & Spyware, and Disinfect as Needed
Indicator 12.097.001
Install anti-virus utility software that searches for viruses/spyware
Indicator 12.097.002
Install anti-virus utility software that removes viruses/other malware

Benchmark 12.098
Install Peripherals (Scanner, Digital Camera, Fax Machine, Modem)
Indicator 12.098.001
Connect peripherals to create and save files and transmit data

Benchmark 12.099
Comply with Safety and Ergonomic Precautions for Computer Use
Indicator 12.099.001
Use computer-related items that ensure personal & equipment safety

Benchmark 12.100
Compare Operating Systems (e.g., Windows, Macintosh, Unix, Linux)
Indicator 12.100.001
Test the use of each operating system
Indicator 12.100.002
Research each operating system
Indicator 12.100.003
Interview users of various operating systems

Benchmark 12.101
Investigate Security Issues Related to Internet Technology
Indicator 12.101.001
Conduct research to identify threats to computer systems
Indicator 12.101.002
Conduct research to identify methods for guarding against threats
Standard 13

Benchmark 13.102
Identify Network Types and Topologies
Indicator 13.102.001
List the types of networks and the components required for operation

Benchmark 13.103
Connect Components of a Local Area Network
Indicator 13.103.001
Connect components of a local area network

Benchmark 13.104
Identify File Structures on Networks
Indicator 13.104.001
Discuss the various methods of organizing files on a network

Benchmark 13.105
Download Software/Files to a Specific Workstation
Indicator 13.105.001
Download software/files to a specific workstation

Benchmark 13.106
Identify Basic Network Protocols
Indicator 13.106.001
Identify industry-standard network protocols
Indicator 13.106.002
Explain the role each network protocol plays in network operations
Indicator 13.106.003
Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each protocol

Benchmark 13.107
Explain the Importance of Network Security
Indicator 13.107.001
Explain/enforce well-documented usage policies to protect the network

Benchmark 13.108
Troubleshoot Network Problems
Indicator 13.108.001
Provide support to users with computer problems
Standard 14

Benchmark 14.109
Enter, Run, and Debug a Program
Indicator 14.109.001
Enter a program
Indicator 14.109.002
Run a program
Indicator 14.109.003
Debug a program

Benchmark 14.110
Code an Application Program Using Arithmetic Functions
Indicator 14.110.001
Code an application with a variety of mathematical situations

Benchmark 14.111
Code an Application Program Using Embedded Data
Indicator 14.111.001
Code an application using embedded data

Benchmark 14.112
Improve the Appearance of Printed Reports
Indicator 14.112.001
Edit code to ensure correct syntax for formatting report's contents

Benchmark 14.113
Design Interactive Programs
Indicator 14.113.001
Design an interactive programs

Benchmark 14.114
Write Programs to Summarize Data
Indicator 14.114.001
Write programs which summarize data by using functions and formulas

Benchmark 14.115
Write Programs to Subtotal and Group Print
Indicator 14.115.001
Write programs to subtotal and group print

Benchmark 14.116
Write Modular Programs
Indicator 14.116.001
Write modular programs

Benchmark 14.117
Write Programs Using Controlled Loops
Indicator 14.117.001
Write programs including "For", "While", or "Do While" loops

Benchmark 14.118
Implement Tables
Indicator 14.118.001
Write and execute a program that creates tables

Benchmark 14.119
Code an Application Program Using Sort Routine
Indicator 14.119.001
Code an application program using a sort routine

Benchmark 14.120
Code an Application Program to Display Graphic Scene
Indicator 14.120.001
Write and execute a program that displays a graphic scene

Benchmark 14.121
Explore the Characteristics and Uses of Artificial Intelligence, etc.
Indicator 14.121.001
Conduct research on artificial intelligence and expert systems topics
Standard 15

Benchmark 15.122
Comply With Copyright and Patent Laws
Indicator 15.122.001
Identify copyright and patent laws as they pertain to images, etc.
Indicator 15.122.002
Discuss the consequences of illegal use of any images, documents, etc.
Indicator 15.122.003
Discuss the different methods for obtaining permission to use
Indicator 15.122.004
Create and maintain documentation of all copyrighted materials used

Benchmark 15.123
Analyze Situations Where Use of Items May Be Ethically Questionable
Indicator 15.123.001
Examine the differences between legal and ethical questions
Indicator 15.123.002
Examine the implications of using elements that have been altered

Benchmark 15.124
Comply with Policies Regarding Acceptable Use of Technology
Indicator 15.124.001
Evaluate the components included in various acceptable use policies
Indicator 15.124.002
Adhere to acceptable use of technology policies

Benchmark 15.125
Investigate Computer Crime and Privacy Issues
Indicator 15.125.001
Conduct research to identify computer crimes and privacy issues

Benchmark 15.126
Apply Concepts of Security, Integrity, Courtesy, and Confidentiality
Indicator 15.126.001
Apply concepts of security, integrity, courtesy and confidentiality

Benchmark 15.127
Investigate the Design of Web Sites for Accessibility & Accommodation
Indicator 15.127.001
Review Internet sites about accessibility guidelines based on the ADA
Indicator 15.127.002
Review Internet sites about accommodating multilingual users
Standard 16

Benchmark 16.128
Describe the Process/Requirements for Obtaining Industry Certification
Indicator 16.128.001
List the relevant industry certifications & explain how to obtain them

Benchmark 16.129
Identify Testing Skills/Strategies for a Certification Examination
Indicator 16.129.001
Conduct an Internet research project about testing skills/strategies
Indicator 16.129.002
Review materials from publishers for the certification examination
Indicator 16.129.003
Interview certified instructors or industry-certified professionals

Benchmark 16.130
Demonstrate Ability to Successfully Complete Practice Examinations
Indicator 16.130.001
Obtain and successfully complete practice examinations

Benchmark 16.131
Successfully Complete an Industry Certification Examination
Indicator 16.131.001
Earn an examination score deemed "passing" by the testing organization
Standard 17

Benchmark 17.132
Explore Domestic and International Job Opportunities
Indicator 17.132.001
Research careers available in the computer information systems field
Indicator 17.132.002
Match an individual's abilities & aptitudes with industry standards

Benchmark 17.133
Update résumé
Indicator 17.133.001
Update résumé

Benchmark 17.134
Add Representative Work Samples to Portfolio
Indicator 17.134.001
Add representative work samples to portfolio

Benchmark 17.135
Use Electronic Sources to Research in Preparation for a Job Interview
Indicator 17.135.001
Locate Web resources on a company with useful interview information

Benchmark 17.136
Participate in a Mock Interview
Indicator 17.136.001
Play a variety of roles to show desirable/undesirable behaviors

Benchmark 17.137
Compose an Interview Follow-Up Letter
Indicator 17.137.001
Compose an interview follow-up letter

Benchmark 17.138
Identify Criteria for Evaluating Self-Performance
Indicator 17.138.001
Rate specific aspects of job performance

Benchmark 17.139
Prepare a Letter of Resignation
Indicator 17.139.001
Prepare a letter of resignation

Benchmark 17.140
Explore Career and College Options for Life-Long Learning
Indicator 17.140.001
Explore a variety of sources for continuing education

Benchmark 17.141
Investigate New and Emerging Technological Trends in the Workplace
Indicator 17.141.001
Prepare a report about new and emerging technological trends

Benchmark 17.142
Identify Potential Employment Barriers for Nontraditional Groups
Indicator 17.142.001
Identify potential employment barriers for nontraditional groups
Indicator 17.142.002
Identify ways to overcome potential employment barriers

Essential - Standard, benchmark, or indicator from the VDOE Standards of Learning document. In the absence of VDOE standards for a given course, content subject to testing such as AP and IB can be labeled Essential.
Expected - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies to provide a context, a bridge, or an enhancement to the Essential SBIs.
Extended - Standard, benchmark, or indicator added by the FCPS Program of Studies generally used to differentiate instruction for advanced learners (Honors/GT)